List of Largest Dams in India

A dam is a barrier that is constructed for preserving water or underground streams by creating reservoirs. These reservoirs not only suppress floods but also provide water for several activities like irrigation, industrial usage, navigation, and also for the aquaculture. The system is mainly designed to preserve the water and also have a method of executing a controlled release.

Also Read: Alternatives to Dams

largest dams

List of Largest Dams in India

Following is the list of largest dams in India:

Dam Name State  Storage Capacity(MCM)
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand 3540
Lakhwar Dam Uttarakhand 587.84
Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam Kerala 1998.57
Bhakra Dam Himachal Pradesh 9867.84
Pakal Dul Dam Jammu & Kashmir 1254
Sardar Sarovar Gujarat Dam Gujarat 9500
Srisailam (N.S.R.S.P) Dam Telangana 8724.88
Ranjit Sagar Dam Punjab 3280
Baglihar Dam Jammu & Kashmir 475
Chamera I Dam Himachal Pradesh 242.3
Tungabhadra Dam  Karnataka 3136
Krishnarajasagar Dam  Karnataka 68.2

Dams are mainly constructed for natural causes like to suppress floods, to generate electricity, for storing water for human activities,  irrigation, diverting water towards other reservoirs or channels. Other applications of dams include cultivation and breeding of animals, municipal water supplies and protection from overflowing during a heavy rainstorm or flood.

Also Read: Disadvantages of Dams

How is Hydroelectricity Produced in Dams?

Dams play the primary role in providing water to hydroelectric power plants in a controlled flow. The dams are constructed on a river, usually one with a fall in elevation so that the released water from the dam utilizes the gravity to support the water flow.

At the bottom lies a water intake area that leads to a turbine propeller. As the force of moving water from the dam passes through this turbine which spins and a beam from the turbine goes up into the generator by producing power. The generated power or electric city are delivered to homes, offices, shops, industries and other workstations through the power lines.

Also Read: Advantages of Dams

For more detailed information about the dams and the largest dams in India, keep visiting BYJU’S website.

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