Blood pressure is generally defined as the force or the pressure of blood cells against the walls of the arteries during the circulation. This pressure decreases progressively with distance from the left ventricle.
Blood pressure is a serious health disorder which affects nearly 40 to 50 percent of the total population. The main risk factors associated with the blood pressure include- damage to the arteries, failure of organs, blockages in the blood vessels, heart stroke, kidney infections and risk in the reproductive system which may also lead to the miscarriage.
An individual should maintain a normal blood pressure of 120 – 140 / 70 – 90 mm Hg along with the normal pulse – 60 – 80 per min.
There are two types of Blood pressure:
- Low Blood pressure, also called as Hypotension. It is the sign of an underlying problem and the blood reading on the sphygmomanometer falls less than 90/60 mm Hg.
- High Blood pressure, also called as Hypertension. It is the sign of an increased problem, where there is more pressure of blood cells during blood circulation. The blood reading on the sphygmomanometer falls more than 140/90 mm Hg.
Sign and symptoms of Blood pressure
The symptoms of Blood pressure usually vary with its types.
The common symptoms of Hypotension include:
- Increased thirst.
- Vision problems.
- Lack of concentration.
The common symptoms of Hypertension include:
- Chest pain.
- Heart disease
- Nose Bleeding.
- Kidney failure
- Severe headaches.
- Heart or Brain Stroke in the most severe cases.
These were a few symptoms related to the blood pressure. Alike the symptoms, treatment and precautions also vary with the types. Patients with these conditions are advised to maintain healthy lifestyle changes such as low sodium and low-fat diet, intake of a nutritious and balanced diet, reducing stress, regular physical activities, and certain medications prescribed for avoiding blockages of the blood vessels, heart stroke and other disorders related to the blood pressure.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about blood pressure, and its symptoms.