Blood pressure is the force created by the blood circulation through the circulatory system.
The main purpose of conducting this experiment is to study the common method used for measuring the blood pressure of an individual.
Blood pressure cuff.
Allow the patient to relax for 15 to 20 minutes before taking their readings.
Wrap the blood pressure cuff evenly around the patient’s arm above the antecubital fossa for an accurate reading. It is always better to select the right-hand arm for measuring blood pressure.
Now place the bell of the stethoscope over the brachial artery at this location to get the strongest pulse sounds.
Once, after everything is set, start pumping the cuff bulb gradually and listen to the pulse sounds. Keep on checking the reading in the Sphygmomanometer.
Continue to expand the cuff up to the point where the pulse sound is no longer be felt. This reading is recorded as the diastolic pressure.
Now slowly reduce the cuff until the pulse sounds are felt. This reading is recorded as the systolic pressure.
Take down the measurements of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure obtained and calculate the accurate blood pressure of an individual.
The normal blood pressure of a healthy individual is measured to be 120 – 140 / 70 – 90 mm Hg along with the normal pulse rate 60 – 80 per min.
The normal range of systolic blood pressure should be between 90 – 120 mm Hg. Systolic blood pressure is the reading recorded when the pressure is exerted on the arteries and blood vessels while the heart is beating.
The normal range of diastolic blood pressure should be between 60 – 80 mm Hg. Diastolic blood pressure is the reading recorded when the pressure is exerted on the walls of arteries around the body in between heartbeats when the heart is relaxed.
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