Cholera is a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium ‘Vibrio Cholerae’. This type of bacteria is usually present in the contaminated foods. It is also found in the places where there is a lack of sanitation facilities. This disease was first discovered in the US during the 1800’s. Cholera disease has been causing severe issues to people from over hundreds of years.
If this disease is left untreated, it might cause severe diarrhea and would lead to dehydration in the body. Sometimes it might lead to a fatal condition.
Vibrio cholerae is a curved and a rod-shaped bacterium that is responsible for the cause of this disease. It is basically present in the free-living cells of living organisms and also found in coastal water areas, being one of the major contaminants in the sewage. The contamination of drinking water owing to the human wasteful activities also leads to the diseases.
This bacterium lives in the small intestine of the human body which releases an Exo-toxin thus causes a flow of water and certain electrolytes such as the sodium bicarbonate, chloride etc, into the small intestine.
Causes of Cholera
- It is caused due to factors like contaminated water supply.
- It arises from the consumption of contaminated foods and drinks which are sold by the street sellers.
- The vegetables that are grown with the use of water with human wastes.
- The sea-foods those are caught in water bodies which are polluted with sewage.
- Also caused by the consumption of foods that affect the digestive system.
Symptoms of Cholera
Some of the symptoms of Cholera are listed below-
- Feeling of Nausea
- Vomiting sensation
- A kind bloating in belly of body
- Develop cramps in the muscles
- Formation of Blood or mucus or sometimes undigested materials in stool
- Develop Weight loss
- Severe Fever condition
- Rapid increase in the heart rate
- The elasticity of skin is lost
- Dryness in the mouth, nose, eyelids etc
- Blood pressure becomes low
- Frequent Thirst and many other.
Treatment and Prevention of Cholera
The treatment for cholera includes intake of large volumes of sugar, salt and water mixture to prevent dehydration. In severe cases, there might be the requirement of intravenous fluid replacement. Certain Antibiotics and Anti-diarrheal medicines are prescribed by the doctors only in very rare conditions.
The most important thing that one could do to avoid diseases is to prevent it. The disease called cholera could be prevented by:
- Washing your hands before you eat is good way to keep diseases away
- Drink water which is boiled
- Avoid consumption of raw foods
- Avoid dairy products as much as possible
- Wash fruits and vegetables before you eat
- Drink plenty of water and it is recommended to drink about 8 ounces of water every day.
To know more about Cholera and other bacterial diseases, visit Byju’s.