Components of The Environment

In general, the environment consists of the following major components.

  • Biological component
  • Physical component

Biological Component

The biological component of the environment, as the name indicates, includes all living things. Hence, it is also called as the biotic component of the ecosystem. Animals, plants and microorganisms interact with the abiotic components, and these form various ecosystems. Moreover, organisms in these ecosystems are classified into groups – such as producers, consumers and decomposers. They also occupy various trophic levels on the food chain. For instance, all autotrophs are producers and occupy the lowest levels on a food chain.

Read More: Food Chain: Definition, Types, Examples, FAQs

Physical Component

The physical component refers to the non-living part of the environment. These are also called abiotic factors and include air, water, soil, climate etc. Physical components can be broadly classified into 3 groups – Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and Lithosphere. Additionally, scientists also use the term “biosphere” to describe the zone of life (or the worldwide sum of ecosystems).

Also Read: Abiotic Components Of Ecosystem And Response To Abiotic Factors

Frequently Asked Questions on Components of Environment

What are the components of the environment?

The environment consists of two major components:

  • Biological component
  • Physical component

What is the biological component?

The biological component of the environment includes all living things, hence, it is also called the biotic component.

What is the physical component?

The physical component refers to the non-living part of the environment. These are also called abiotic factors and include air, water, soil, climate etc.

Explore more about components of the environment or discover other fascinating topics by registering at BYJU’S Biology.

1 Comment

  1. which of the follwing is component of the enviorment

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