During the process of evolution, the formation of new and distinct species is defined as speciation. New species form by two major mechanisms viz sympatric speciation and allopatric speciation. The allopatric speciation is also known as geographical speciation. The difference in environmental factors causes the change in allopatric speciation. In sympatric speciation, the evolution of new species takes place from a single ancestral species. Here we are discussing various differences between allopatric and sympatric speciation.
Difference Between Allopatric And Sympatric Speciation
|Properties||Allopatric Speciation||Sympatric Speciation|
|Define||The physical isolation of the biology population due to the extrinsic barrier is called allopatric speciation||The evolution of new species from one ancestral species by living in the same habitat is called sympatric speciation|
|Differentiation mechanism||Natural selection||Polyploidy|
|Occurs||Commonly found in nature||Commonly found in plants|
|Takes place through geographic isolation||Yes||No|
|Emerging new species speed||Slow||Fast|
|Example||Squirrels in the Grand Canyon, Darwin’s Finches, etc.||Tobacco, Wheat, Cultivated corn, etc.|
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