Difference between Animal Cell Culture and Plant Tissue Culture

Tissue culture or cell culture is the growth of cells artificially when provided with a proper medium and sterile environment. Cells of both plants and animals can be cultured but require different media and conditions for growth. Let’s find the differences between these two.

Animal Cell Culture

Plant Tissue Culture

Definition

Animal cell culture is the in vitro cultivation of tissues, cells or organs apart from the parent organism, by providing it with proper physical conditions and sterile medium inside an incubator.

Plant tissue culture is the propagation of plant cells to regenerate cells, organs and tissues, when provided with proper medium and conditions.

Differentiation of Cells

Animal cells can only produce particular organs from which the cells have been taken.

Plant cells can be differentiated into any type of plant cell.

Nutrient Requirement

It requires a vast majority of nutrients for growth.

It requires a limited set of nutrients for culturing.

Types

Two types: adherent cell culture and suspension culture.

Three main types: callus culture, protoplast culture and embryo culture.

Degradation

The animal cells start to degrade after a few cycles of cell division.

Plant cells can undergo an unlimited number of cell cycles.

Importance

It can be used to produce vaccines and hormones.

It is used to produce plants with desirable traits in thousands of numbers.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between plant cell and animal tissue?

Plant cells have a cell wall whereas animal cells do not have a cell wall.

What is plant tissue culture media?

A plant tissue culture medium is the one which is composed of macro and micronutrients, along with vitamins, minerals and amino acid.

Which media is used for animal tissue culture?

Serum is the most common medium used for animal tissue culture. Other mediums include plasma, lymph, and amniotic fluid.

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