Difference Between Endomycorrhizae and Ectomycorrhizae

Ectomycorrhizae and Endomycorrhizae are two types of symbiotic relationships which exist between fungi and the roots of higher plants. Ectomycorrhizae, as the name suggests, do not penetrate deep into the plant (the cortical cells). Endomycorrhiza, on the other hand, tends to penetrate deeper (into the cortical cells). Read on to explore more differences between these two symbiotic relationships.

Difference Between Ectomycorrhizae and Endomycorrhizae

Ectomycorrhizae

Endomycorrhizae

Definition

A symbiotic relationship between fungi and plants, where the fungal hyphae does NOT penetrate the cortical cells of the plant root.

Similar to Ectomycorrhizae, but the fungal hyphae penetrates the cortical cells of the plant root.

Hyphal Mantle

Present

Absent

Prevalence

Less prevalent

Widely prevalent

Hartig Net

Produces a Hartig Net

Does not produce a Hartig Net

Arbuscules and Vesicles

Absent

Present

Fungi Involved

Basidiomycota and Ascomycota

Glomeromycota

Plants

Typical hosts are conifers such as Cedrus and pinus. Also found in non-conifers such as beech and oak

Symbiosis is common among vascular plants

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