Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation

In the process of translation, the nucleotide triplets, referred to as codons, present on the mRNA will be translated into an amino acids sequence. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic translations are involved inĀ protein synthesis. The key difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic translation is that eukaryotic translation and transcription is an asynchronous process whereas prokaryotic translation and transcription is a synchronous process. The table below gives the Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation.

Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation

Prokaryotic Translation Eukaryotic Translation
Definition
The translation & transcription process is synchronous The translation and transcription process is discontinuous
mRNA
Cytoplasm Nucleus
Cap initiation
Cap-independent Cap-dependent and Cap-independent
Performed by
70S ribosomes 80S ribosomes
Stability of mRNA
Unstable Stable
Ribosomes
30S & 50S = 70S 40S & 60S = 80S
Lifespan of mRNA
A few seconds to 2 minutes A few hours to days
Occurrence
No definite phase G1 and G2 phase of the cell cycle
Process
Fast Slow
Release factor
RF1, RF2 eRF
Initiation factors
3 9

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