Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation

In the process of translation, the nucleotide triplets, referred to as codons, present on the mRNA will be translated into an amino acids sequence. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic translations are involved in the protein synthesis. The key difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic translation is that eukaryotic translation and transcription is a asynchronous process whereas prokaryotic translation and transcription is a synchronous process. The table below gives the Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation.

Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Translation

Comparison basis Prokaryotic Translation Eukaryotic Translation
Define The translation & transcription process is synchronous The translation and transcription process is discontinuous
mRNA Cytoplasm Nucleus
Cap initiation Cap-independent Cap-dependent and Cap-independent
Performed by 70S ribosomes 80S ribosomes
Stability of mRNA Unstable Stable
Ribosomes 30S & 50S = 70S 40S & 60S = 80S
Lifespan of mRNA A few seconds to 2 minutes A few hours to days
Occurrence No definite phase G1 and G2 phase of the cell cycle
process Fast Slow
Release factor eRF1 RF1, RF2
Initiation factors 3 9

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