Difference between Sprouts and Microgreens

What are sprouts?

Sprouts usually germinate or partially germinate from seeds. A sprout has a stem, root and seed. They can be consumed entirely. First, the seeds are soaked overnight in water. Due to high humidity and moisture, the seed starts to germinate. Sometimes the seeds are also sprouted in water-soaked cloth bags. It is a form of rawism or raw food diet.

What are microgreens?

Microgreens are leafy or vegetable greens. They are usually harvested after the development of cotyledon leaves. These microgreens are considered as a baby version of mature plants. They serve as a high source of nutrition and are also used as a food garnish. They give intense flavour to the food. They grow to a height of one to three inches, along with their partially developed leaves. These microgreens are highly nutritious and contain most of the key elements such as vitamin C, K, E, A, etc.

Difference between Sprouts and Microgreens



They are germinated seeds.

They are leafy or vegetable greens.

They grow in hydroponic or water media.

They can grow in both soil and water media.

They can be harvested within two to five days.

They take a week or two for harvest.

Sprouts are comparatively less nutritious and cheaper.

More nutritious and expensive.

They can grow in the dark.

They need sunlight for growth.

The sprout can be consumed entirely.

Mostly leaves and stems are consumed.

Examples – Kidney bean, lentil, mung bean, etc., can be sprouted.

Examples – Basil, Cilantro, Spinach, etc., can be grown as microgreens.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference between Sprouts and Microgreens

What are shoots?

Shoots of a plant include the leaves and buds together with the stem. Sometimes, shoots are closely associated with stems. After sprouting, the seeds put out the shoots. Also, these shoots are usually confused with microgreens.

What is a cotyledon?

Cotyledon is a part of an embryo that is found within the seed. It is also known as the seed leaves. Usually, the broad classification of plants is done based on this seed leaf. Example – Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons.

How nutritious are the microgreens?

Microgreens are highly nutritious and flavourful vegetable greens. Most of the microgreen cotyledons have essential nutrients like tocopherols, vitamin C and K, carotenoids, etc. Example – Red cabbage, Radish and Cilantro. In some cases, they are more nutritious than their mature counterparts.

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