Gonorrhea is an infection transmitted sexually which can affect both men and women. It is a serious disease and can cause extreme health problems if left untreated. It is more common in women than in men. An estimated 78 to 88 million cases of Gonorrhea are reported every year. Along with chlamydia, syphilis, and trichomoniasis, it is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI) in the world.
Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria which is called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. The bacteria germinates very rapidly in the mucous membrane of the body and is present in the semen and vaginal fluids of an infected person. It is highly contagious and spreads through the act of sexual contact- vaginal, anal or oral. Women are more likely to contact the disease by having intercourse with an infected male than the other way around.
The symptoms are very subtle and often unnoticeable for months after contracting the disease. That is why it is extremely important to be aware of even the small signs that can possibly be of the disease. It affects men and women differently.
Gonorrhea symptoms in men
Men who have contracted the disease may notice the following symptoms:
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Abnormal discharge of liquids from the opening of the penis, usually green, yellow or white in color.
- Pain in the lower pelvic area and occasionally, in the testes
Gonorrhea symptoms in women
Gonorrhea in women can produce the following symptoms:
- Abnormal vaginal discharge. It can be green or yellow, thin or watery.
- Burning sensation while urinating.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Blood discharge between periods.
- Swelling in the outer vaginal region.
- Swelling and pain in the throat, in case of oral Gonorrhea.
It can be completely cured if it is diagnosed in the early stages. Delay may cause some serious complications. The treatment of the disease is generally done with antibiotics. Multiple doses of Gonorrhea treatment antibiotics are generally prescribed to the patient. It is important to finish the full course of the disease may not be cured.
Like all diseases, prevention is better than cure is applicable to this disease too. Using proper protection while having intercourse significantly reduces the chances of contracting the disease. It is also recommended not to indulge in intercourse with people who have already contracted it or has recently been cured.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Gonorrhea infection and its treatment.