Irritable Bowel Syndrome – IBS is a common condition or the disorder that affects the digestive system. It is usually a lifelong problem, which can have a big impact on your everyday life.
The exact cause of this syndrome is unknown. According to the patients’ records, it has been related to oversensitive nerves in the gut, hormonal changes, and a family history of IBS. Other triggering factors include improper diet, stress, poor sleep, and viral, bacterial or parasitic infections in the gut.
This condition may last for days, weeks or even for months at a time. On average, this syndrome affects between 6 to 18% of people worldwide.
There are three types of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- IBS with constipation.
- IBS with diarrhoea.
- IBS with alternating constipation and diarrhoea.
Symptoms of IBS
Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a combination of abdomen discomfort or pain and trouble with bowel habits. Therefore, the common symptoms of IBS include
- Feeling sick.
- Lack of Energy.
- Stomach cramps.
- Hard or loose stool.
- Change in the bowel movements.
- Lower abdominal pain and discomfort.
- Discharge of clear or white mucus in the stool.
The following steps need to be taken for IBS diagnosis:
- Stool sample examination.
- Cut out certain foods in case of any allergies.
- Perform colonoscopy.
- Get your blood tests done to prevent celiac diseases.
There is no specific cure for IBS. The doctor can advise about making some lifestyle changes. Changes in the diet can help ease symptoms. Home remedies can go a long way in treating the ailment.
There is no particular cure or treatment for this disorder, but it can be reduced by changes in the diet by increasing dietary fibre or carbohydrates and use some medicines to control the symptoms.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about Irritable Bowel Syndrome, its causes and its symptoms.