Digestive Disorders And Causes, Symptoms, Prevention

At some point in our life, every one of us has felt irritation or discomfort in our stomach due to various reasons. This feeling of irritation and discomfort is called digestive disorders. In other words, a disorder is a state of irregular functioning of the body. Digestive disorders could be defined as the disorder which affects the process of digestion.

Digestive Disorders

Types of Digestive Disorders

The reasons for the digestive disorders are very varied, it can range from either bacterial or viral infections which mainly affect the digestive tract. Also, parasites present in the intestine can cause infections in the digestive tract. Example: Tapeworm, roundworm, threadworm. Let us take an overview of various digestive disorders such as constipation, vomiting, diarrhea, and indigestion.

Vomiting

Vomiting is an involuntary action. Vomiting is stimulated by the expulsion of food contents through the mouth from the stomach. Vomiting may be caused by the following reasons:

  1. Food allergy.
  2. Stomach infection or food poisoning.
  3. Due to the gastroesophageal reflex action.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a condition of abnormal bowel movement and appearance of continuous discharge of fluid from the anus. Diarrhea may be caused by one of the following reasons:

  1. Food allergies
  2. Viral infection in the stomach
  3. Bacterial infection in the digestive tract
  4. Parasitic infection in the intestinal tract

Constipation

Constipation is a condition of irregular and difficult bowel movement characterized by hardened feces. Constipation may be caused by one of the following reasons:

  1. Indigestion of dairy foods
  2. Indigestion of fat rich content food
  3. Indigestion of high fiber content food
  4. Lack of water in the food

Indigestion

Indigestion is defined as the difficulty of food digestion in the stomach. It leads to pain or discomfort in the digestive system. Indigestion may be caused by the following reasons:

  1. An Inadequate digestive enzyme production in the stomach
  2. Anxiety
  3. Food poisoning
  4. Overeating
  5. Ingestion of spicy foods

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Practise This Question

Regarding the assertion and reason; choose the correct option.

Assertion (A): In case of acute constipation, purgatives containing magnesium salts are usually used to alleviate it

Reason (R): The osmotic effect of Mg2+ in the intestinal lumen prevents water from being reabsorbed from the intestine. Mg2+ increases the solute concentration in the intestinal lumen because Mg2+ is absorbed very slowly