At some point in our life, every one of us has felt irritation or discomfort in our stomach due to various reasons. This feeling of irritation and discomfort is called digestive disorders. In other words, a disorder is a state of irregular functioning of the body. Digestive disorders could be defined as the disorder which affects the process of digestion.
Digestive Disorders: Vomiting
Types of Digestive Disorders
The reasons for the digestive disorders are varied, it can range from either bacterial or viral infections which mainly affect the digestive tract. Also, parasites present in the intestine can cause infections in the digestive tract. Example: Tapeworm, roundworm, threadworm. Let us take an overview of various digestive disorders such as constipation, vomiting, diarrhoea, and indigestion.
Vomiting is an involuntary action. Vomiting is stimulated by the expulsion of food contents through the mouth from the stomach. Vomiting may be caused by the following reasons:
- Food allergy.
- Stomach infection or food poisoning.
- Due to the gastroesophageal reflex action.
Diarrhoea is a condition of abnormal bowel movement and appearance of the continuous discharge of fluid from the anus. Diarrhoea may be caused by one of the following reasons:
- Food allergies
- Viral infection in the stomach
- Bacterial infection in the digestive tract
- Parasitic infection in the intestinal tract
Constipation is a condition of irregular and difficult bowel movement characterized by hardened faeces. Constipation may be caused by one of the following reasons:
- Indigestion of dairy foods
- Indigestion of fat-rich content food
- Indigestion of high fibre content food
- Lack of water in the food
Indigestion is defined as the difficulty of food digestion in the stomach. It leads to pain or discomfort in the digestive system. Indigestion may be caused by the following reasons:
- Inadequate digestive enzyme production in the stomach
- Food poisoning
- Ingestion of spicy foods
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