Difference Between Haploid And Diploid

The most obvious difference between Haploid and Diploid are the number of chromosome sets that are found in the nucleus. Haploid are cells that have only one single set of chromosomes while diploid cells have two sets of chromosomes.

Difference Between Haploid And Diploid

The other main difference between Haploid and Diploid cells are how they reproduce. Haploid cells are formed through meiosis and diploid cells undergo mitosis. Higher organisms such as humans (and most other mammals) are diploid organisms. The major differences are summarized below:

Difference Between Haploid And Diploid



Haploid cells contain only one set of Chromosomes (n)

Diploid, as the name indicates, contains 2 sets of chromosomes (2n)

Haploid cells are formed by the process of meiosis

Diploid cells undergo mitosis

In higher organism, such as humans, haploid cells are only used for sex cells

In higher organism, such as humans, all other cells beside sex cells are diploid

Examples of haploid cells are gametes (male or female germ cells).

Examples of diploid cells include blood cells, skin cells and muscle cells. These cells are known as somatic cells.


The term “Ploidy” tells us the number of sets of chromosomes that are found within the nucleus. And the two most prominent are Haploid and Diploid, with the haploid- containing one set of chromosomes and Diploid- containing two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent. When there are more than 2 sets of chromosomes for all cells, such a state is called polyploidy. And the sets of chromosomes that are present can range from 3 (triploid) to as high as 64 sets (tetrahex contaploid) and sometimes, even more – 10,48,576-ploid ( in silkworms)!

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Practise This Question

Bholu wants to grow plants inside his house but he does not like the mess soil makes. So, Bholu uses a technique called hydroponics. In this technique, plants are grown without soil and instead receive nutrients from mineral rich water that is made to flow over the plants roots as shown below. The water needs to be dissolved with chemicals containing plant nutrients such as containing nitrogen, potassium and zinc.

Choose the option that best depicts the relative amount of nutrients that needs to be added to the water. (A bigger circle means more amount and vice versa; if a circle is not present it means that the nutrient is not added ).