The Golgi apparatus has been given more than just name, be it Golgi complex or Golgi body. But it is mostly addressed to the Golgi apparatus. We shall begin by familiarizing ourselves with where they are found. First and foremost, they exist universally in both plants and animals, unlike vacuoles and such. Let us explore more about Golgi complex body.
The Golgi body is typically comprised of a series of five to eight cup-shaped, membrane-covered sacs called cisternae. Cisternae is a flattened membrane disk-shaped, stacked pouches that make up the Golgi apparatus. A Golgi stack may contain anywhere from three to twenty cisternae but generally, contains about six. However, in some unicellular flagellates, as many as 60 cisternae have been heard to combine to make up the Golgi apparatus.
Creation, or evolution, whichever one, you hold a belief in has worked in wondrous ways to evolve or design the various living beings in this world in the most optimum ways. For example, take the Golgi complex. It has been designed in such a way, so as to make sure that the number of Golgi bodies in a cell varies according to its function.
Golgi Bodies in Animal Cells
Animal cells generally contain between ten and twenty Golgi stacks per cell, which are linked into a single complex by tubular connections between cisternae. This complex is usually placed close to the cell nucleus. It functions as a factory in which proteins received from the Endoplasmic Reticulum are further processed and sorted for transport to their eventual destinations, which happens to be the lysosomes, the plasma membrane or secretion.
Golgi Bodies in Plant Cells
In addition, as noted earlier, glycolipids and sphingomyelin are synthesized within the Golgi apparatus. In plant cells, the Golgi apparatus serves the site at which the complex polysaccharides of the cell wall are synthesized. The Golgi apparatus is involved in processing the broad range of cellular constituents that travel along the secretory pathway.
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