NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology – Download Free PDF
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology is one of the best learning guides students can use for their exam preparation. It covers important questions with comprehensive answers. Furthermore, all solutions are presented in an easy-to-understand format. The NCERT Solutions are downloadable in PDF, which can be accessed effortlessly by the students. Our faculty design the solutions in an easy-to-understand manner to boost students’ exam preparation. They primarily help the students to analyse the areas of weakness and work on them for a better score. By using these solutions, students will be able to answer all the questions from the NCERT Textbook.
Students often find it difficult to choose the right study material which satisfies their needs. For this purpose, we at BYJU’S provide chapter-wise NCERT Solutions in both online and offline modes to fit the needs of students. The NCERT Solutions for Class 11 is one of the best reference guides for Class 11 students who are working hard to reach their career goals.
Biology NCERT Solutions Class 11 Chapter-wise
The following chapters have been removed from the NCERT Class 11 Biology textbook 2023-24.
Typically, you just read a concept and try to memorise it. You might not even grasp the topic, and yet, you have to memorise it because it is a crucial part of your exam. This is where NCERT Solutions come into the picture – the prescribed answers are reconstituted into a language that is easy to understand and remember. The content is designed by a team of highly qualified professionals who prepare notes according to the grasping power of students in Class 11. This translates to content which is tailor-made for students, making it easy to gain an in-depth insight into the subject.
Download the Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions PDF to kick-start your exam preparations.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology is a valuable resource from the perspective of Class 11 examination and entrance exams like NEET, JEE, medical entrance exams, and various other competitive exams. Our experts at BYJU’S have created these solutions to help students grasp maximum information with minimal mental strain.
It includes answers written in relatively simple language. Students can easily access topic-wise Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions of every Chapter and unit covered in the biology textbooks. These solutions explain important concepts such as biological classification, animal and plant kingdoms, morphology, structural organization, biomolecules, cell division, transport in plants, nutrition, photosynthesis, and more. NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology PDF is also provided with the study materials so that students can access content offline.
NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology Chapter Details and Exercises
Chapter 1: The Living World
This chapter elaborates on fundamental concepts such as What is Living?, Diversity in the Living World, Taxonomic Categories, Taxonomical Aids, and more. The living world is rich in variety. Millions of plant and animal species have been identified and described to date, but countless more remain yet to be discovered. The taxonomic studies of various species of plants and animals are useful in agriculture, forestry and industries in general for knowing our resources and their diversity. Taxonomists have developed a variety of taxonomic aids to facilitate the identification, naming and classification of organisms.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 The Living World:
Biodiversity; need for classification; three domains of life; taxonomy and systematics; the concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; and binomial nomenclature.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 1 The Living World on BYJU’S:
- The Living World Class 11 Notes – Chapter 1
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – The Living World
- The Living World – JEE
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – The Living World
- Living World MCQs
Chapter 2: Biological Classification
In this chapter, we will study the characteristics of Kingdoms Monera, Protista and Fungi of the Whittaker system of classification. The Kingdoms Plantae and Animalia, commonly referred to as plant and animal kingdoms, respectively, will be dealt with separately in Chapters 3 and 4. In the biological classification, you will also study Kingdom Monera, Kingdom Protista, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae, Kingdom Animalia, Viruses, Viroids and Lichens.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 2 Biological Classification:
Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; and Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 2 Biological Classification on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Biological Classification
- Biological Classification Class 11 Notes – Chapter 2
- Basis of Biological Classification
- Biological Classification Class 11 Notes PDF
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Biological Classification
Chapter 3: Plant Kingdom
In the previous chapter, we looked at the broad classification of living organisms under the system proposed by Whittaker (1969) wherein he suggested the Five Kingdom classification, viz. Monera, Protista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae. In this chapter, we will further discuss classification within the Kingdom Plantae or the ‘plant kingdom’. Also, you will get to learn concepts such as Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms, Plant Life Cycles and Alternation of Generations.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom:
Classification of plants into major groups; Salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae (Topics excluded – Angiosperms, Plant Life Cycle and Alternation of Generations)
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Plant Kingdom
- Plant Kingdom Class 11 Notes – Chapter 3
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Plant Kingdom
- MCQs on Plant Kingdom
- How is the Plant Kingdom useful to us?
Chapter 4: Animal Kingdom
When we look around, we see different animals with different structures and forms. Over a million species of animals have been described until now. So the need for classification has become all the more important. Classification helps in assigning a systematic position to newly described species. The chapter also teaches other topics such as Basis of Classification, Classification of Animals and more. Students will learn about the animal kingdom in brief in this chapter.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom:
Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and at a few examples of each category). (No live animals or specimens should be displayed.)
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Animal Kingdom
- Animal Kingdom – Basis of Classification
- Animal Kingdom Class 11 Notes – Chapter 4
- Classification of Animal Kingdom
- Kingdom Animalia: Higher Invertebrate Animals
- MCQs on Animal Kingdom
Chapter 5: Morphology of Flowering Plants
In chapters 2 and 3, we talked about the classification of plants based on morphological and other characteristics. For any successful attempt at classification and understanding any higher plant (or, for that matter, any living organism), we need to know standard technical terms and definitions. We also need to know about the possible variations in different parts, found as adaptations of the plants to their environment, e.g., adaptations to various habitats for protection, climbing, and storage. Morphology of Flowering Plants also explains topics such as the root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit, seed, semi-technical description of a typical flowering plant, description of some important families and more.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants:
Morphology of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed; Description of family Solanaceae.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants on BYJU’S:
- Morphology of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes – Chapter 5
- Morphology – JEE
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Morphology of Flowering Plants
- Morphology of Flowering Plants MCQs
- NEET Questions Chapter 5 – Morphology of Flowering Plants
Chapter 6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants
This chapter introduces the internal structure and functional organisation of higher plants. The study of the internal structure of plants is called anatomy. Plants have cells as their basic unit. Cells are organised into tissues, and in turn, the tissues are organised into various parts of the plant. Within angiosperms, the monocots and dicots are anatomically different. Internal structures also show adaptations to diverse environments. The chapter includes topics such as The Tissues, The Tissue System, Anatomy of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous Plants, Secondary Growth, and more.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants :
Anatomy and functions of tissue systems in dicots and monocots.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes For NEET Biology – Anatomy of Flowering Plants
- Anatomy of Flowering Plants
- Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes – Chapter 6
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Anatomy of flowering plants
Chapter 7: Structural Organisation in Animals
In the preceding chapters, we came across a large variety of organisms, both unicellular and multicellular, of the animal kingdom. In unicellular organisms, all functions like digestion, respiration and reproduction are performed by a single cell. In the complex body of multicellular animals, the same basic functions are carried out by different groups of cells in a well-organised manner. All complex animals are made up of only four basic types of tissues. These tissues are organised in specific locations to form organs, such as the stomach, lungs, heart and kidney. Students can understand the structural organisation in animals and score well in the exam by referring to the solutions available on BYJU’S.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals:
Morphology, Anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of frog.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals on BYJU’S:
- CBSE Class 11 Biology Chapter 7 Structural Organization in Animals Notes
- Revision Notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals
- Structural Organisation in Animals MCQs
- NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions for Chapter 7 Structural Organisation In Animals
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology- Structural Organisation in Animals
- NEET Questions – Chapter 7 – Structural Organisation in Animals
Chapter 8: Cell The Unit of Life
When you look around, you see both living and non-living things. You must have asked yourself – “What is it that makes an organism living?” or, “What is it that an inanimate object does not have that a living thing has?” The answer to this is the presence of the basic unit of life – the cell in all living organisms. All organisms are composed of cells. Some are composed of a single cell and are called unicellular organisms. In contrast, others, like us, are composed of many cells and are called multicellular organisms.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 8 Cell The Unit of Life:
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 8 Cell The Unit of Life on BYJU’S:
- Cell The Unit of Life Class 11 Notes – Chapter 8
- Revision Notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 8 Cell The Unit Of Life
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Cell: The Unit of Life
Chapter 9: Biomolecules
There is a wide diversity of living organisms in our biosphere. Topics included in this chapter are How to Analyse Chemical Composition? Primary and Secondary Metabolites, Biomacromolecules, Proteins, Polysaccharides, Nucleic Acids, Structure of Proteins, Nature of Bond Linking Monomers in a Polymer, Dynamic State of Body Constituents – Concept of Metabolism, Metabolic Basis for Living, The Living State, Enzymes. Students will be able to get a good hold on these topics by referring to the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 9 Biomolecules from BYJU’S.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 9 Biomolecules:
Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzyme – types, properties, enzyme action. (Topics excluded: Nature of Bond Linking Monomers in a Polymer, Dynamic State of Body Constituents – Concept of Metabolism, Metabolic Basis of Living, The Living State)
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 9 Biomolecules on BYJU’S:
- Biomolecules Class 11 Notes – Chapter 9
- MCQs on Biomolecules
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Biomolecules
Chapter 10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Growth and reproduction are characteristics of cells, indeed of all living organisms. All cells reproduce by dividing into two, with each parental cell giving rise to two daughter cells each time they divide. These newly-formed daughter cells can themselves grow and divide, giving rise to a new cell population that is formed by the growth and division of a single parental cell and its progeny. In other words, such cycles of growth and division allow a single cell to form a structure consisting of millions of cells. Other subtopics mentioned in the chapter are Cell Cycle, M Phase, Significance of Mitosis, Meiosis, and Significance of Meiosis.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division:
Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division on BYJU’S:
- Cell Division
- Important Notes For NEET Biology – Cell Cycle and Cell Division
- Cell Cycle and Cell Division Class 11 Notes – Chapter 10
- Cell Cycle Phases
Chapter 11: Transport in Plants
Topics in the chapter Transport in Plants include Means of Transport, Plant-Water Relations, Long Distance Transport of Water, Transpiration, Uptake and Transport of Mineral Nutrients, Phloem, and Transport: Flow from Source to Sink. Plants obtain a variety of inorganic elements (ions) and salts from their surroundings, especially from water and soil. In higher plants, there is a vascular system comprising xylem and phloem, responsible for translocation. Phloem is responsible for the transport of food, (primarily) sucrose from the source to the sink. The translocation in phloem is explained by the pressure-flow hypothesis.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 11 Transport in Plants on BYJU’S:
- Transport in Plants Class 11 Notes – Chapter 11
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Transport in Plants
- Transportation in Animals and Plants
- Flashcards For NEET Biology – Transport in Plants
- How are water and minerals transported in plants?
- How Is Food Transported in Plants?
Chapter 12: Mineral Nutrition
This chapter focuses mainly on inorganic plant nutrition, wherein we will study the methods to identify elements essential to the growth and development of plants and the criteria for establishing the essentiality. We will also study the role of the essential elements, their major deficiency symptoms and the mechanism of absorption of these essential elements. The chapter Mineral Nutrition also provides a brief introduction to the significance and the mechanism of biological nitrogen fixation.
Also access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition on BYJU’S:
- Mineral Nutrition MCQs
- NEET Questions – Chapter 12 – Mineral Nutrition
- RBSE Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 8: Mineral Nutrition in Plants
Chapter 13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
All animals, including human beings, depend on plants for their food. Green plants make or rather synthesise the food they need through photosynthesis and are therefore called autotrophs. Green plants carry out ‘photosynthesis’, a physicochemical process which uses light energy to drive the synthesis of organic compounds. Photosynthesis is important for two reasons: it forms the basis for all known food chains on earth. It is also responsible for the release of oxygen into the atmosphere by green plants. This chapter focuses on the structure of the photosynthetic machinery and the various reactions that transform light energy into chemical energy.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants:
Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants, on BYJU’S:
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
- NEET Questions – Chapter 13 – Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
- MCQs on Photosynthesis
Chapter 14: Respiration in Plants
This chapter deals with cellular respiration, or the mechanism of breakdown of food materials within the cell to release energy, and the trapping of this energy for the synthesis of ATP. This chapter also elaborates on topics such as “Do Plants Breathe?” Glycolysis, Fermentation, Aerobic Respiration, The Respiratory Balance Sheet, Amphibolic Pathway, and Respiratory Quotient. The important concepts of this chapter, Respiration in Plants, are explained in simple language to make learning easier for Class 11 students.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 14 Respiration in Plants:
Exchange of gases; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
Also access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 14 Respiration in Plants on BYJU’S:
- Respiration in Plants Class 11 Notes – Chapter 14
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology-Respiration in Plants
- Respiration in Plants MCQs
- Revision Notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 14 Respiration in Plants
Chapter 15: Plant Growth and Development
We have already studied the organisation of a flowering plant in Chapter 5. In this chapter, we shall explore some of the factors which govern and control these developmental processes. These factors are both intrinsic (internal) and extrinsic (external) to the plant. Other subtopics are Growth Differentiation, Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation, Development, Plant Growth Regulators, Photoperiodism, Vernalisation and more. At BYJU’S, the highly experienced faculty have designed solutions for Plant Growth and Development in order to help students ace the final exam.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development:
Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development on BYJU’S:
- Revision Notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Plant Growth and Development
- Plant Growth and Development Class 11 Notes – Chapter 15
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology- Plant Growth and Development
Chapter 16: Digestion and Absorption
Food is one of the basic requirements of all living organisms. The major components of our food are carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Vitamins and minerals are also required in small quantities. Food provides energy and organic materials for growth and repair of tissues. The water we take in plays an important role in metabolic processes and also prevents dehydration of the body. Biomacromolecules in food cannot be utilised by our body in their original form. They have to be broken down and converted into simple substances in the digestive system. This process of conversion of complex food substances to simple absorbable forms is called digestion and is carried out by our digestive system through mechanical and biochemical methods. These concepts are briefly explained in the chapter Digestion and Absorption to help students understand them effectively.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 16 Digestion and Absorption on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Digestion and Absorption
- Digestion and Absorption Class 11 Notes – Chapter 16
- Digestion and Absorption MCQs
- Revision Notes for Class 11 Biology Chapter 16 Digestion and Absorption
Chapter 17: Breathing and Exchange of Gases
As you have read earlier, oxygen is utilised by organisms to indirectly break down simple molecules like glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, etc., to derive energy to perform various activities. Carbon dioxide, which is harmful, is also released during the above catabolic reactions. It is, therefore, evident that oxygen has to be continuously provided to the cells and carbon dioxide produced by the cells has to be released. This process of exchange of oxygen from the atmosphere with carbon dioxide produced by the cells is termed breathing. It is also known as respiration.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases:
Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases on BYJU’S:
- Breathing and Exchange of Gases Class 11 Notes – Chapter 17
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Breathing and Exchange of Gases
- Breathing and Exchange Of Gases MCQs
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases
Chapter 18: Body Fluids and Circulation
We have learnt that all living cells have to be provided with nutrients, oxygen and other essential substances. Also, the waste or harmful substances produced have to be removed continuously for the healthy functioning of tissues. Blood is the most commonly used body fluid in most of the higher organisms, including humans. Another body fluid, lymph, also helps in the transport of certain substances. In this chapter, we shall explore the composition and properties of blood and lymph (tissue fluid) and the mechanism of circulation of blood is also explained herein.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation:
Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system – Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of the circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation on BYJU’S:
- Body Fluids and Circulation MCQs
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology- Body Fluids & Circulation
- NEET Questions – Chapter 18 – Body Fluids and Circulation
Chapter 19: Excretory Products and their Elimination
The chapter covers topics such as Human Excretory System, Urine Formation, Function of the Tubules, Mechanism of Concentration of the Filtrate, Regulation of Kidney Function, Micturition, Role of other Organs in Excretion, Disorders of the Excretory System and more.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 19 Excretory Products and Their Elimination:
Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination at BYJU’S:
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology – Excretory Products and their Elimination
- Excretory Products and their Elimination Class 11 Notes – Chapter 19
- Excretory Products And Their Elimination MCQs
- NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions for Chapter 19 Excretory Products and Their Elimination
Chapter 20: Locomotion and Movement
Movement is one of the significant features of living beings. Animals and plants exhibit a wide range of movements. Such voluntary movements are called locomotion. Walking, running, climbing, flying, and swimming are all forms of locomotory movement. Locomotory structures need not be different from those affecting other types of movements. Methods of locomotion performed by animals vary with their habitats and the demand of the situation. Locomotion is required for various reasons, such as finding food, shelter, mate, suitable breeding grounds, favourable climatic conditions, or to escape from predators.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement:
Types of movement – ciliary, flagellar, muscular; skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions; joints; disorders of muscular and skeletal systems – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement on BYJU’S:
- Important Notes for NEET Biology – Locomotion and Movement
- Locomotion and Movement Class 11 Notes – Chapter 20
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology- Locomotion and Movement
- Locomotion and Movement MCQs
- NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions for Chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement
Chapter 21: Neural Control and Coordination
Coordination is the process through which two or more organs interact and complement the functions of one another. In our body, the neural system and the endocrine system jointly coordinate and integrate all the activities of the organs so that they function in a synchronised fashion. In this chapter, we will learn about the neural system of humans, mechanisms of neural coordination like transmission of nerve impulses, impulse conduction across a synapse and the physiology of reflex action.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination:
Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system; peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination on BYJU’S:
- CBSE Class 11 Biology Chapter 21 Neural Control And Coordination Notes
- Important Questions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination
- Neural Control and Coordination MCQs
- NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions for Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination
Chapter 22: Chemical Coordination and integration
We have already learnt that the neural system provides point-to-point rapid coordination among organs. Neural coordination is fast but short-lived. As the nerve fibres do not innervate all cells of the body and the cellular functions need to be continuously regulated, a special kind of coordination and integration has to be provided. This function is carried out by hormones. The neural system and the endocrine system jointly coordinate and regulate the physiological functions in the body. Students can learn chemical coordination and integration more efficiently by referring to NCERT Solutions from BYJU’S.
Topics Covered in Class 11 Biology Chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and Integration:
Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison’s disease.
Also, access the following resources for Class 11 Chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and Integration on BYJU’S:
- Chemical Coordination and Integration Class 11 Notes – Chapter 22
- Chemical Coordination And Integration MCQs
- NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions for Chapter 22 Chemical Coordination And Integration
- NEET Questions – Chapter 22 – Chemical Coordination and Integration
Learning about these concepts might be overwhelming due to the sheer magnitude of information in each concept. However, these carefully crafted study tips make the experience effective and interesting. Students can access and download the NCERT Class 11 Books here.
CBSE Marking Scheme 2023-24
The academic sessions by the CBSE board are divided based on the syllabus for the year 2023-24. The entire syllabus is equally divided so that students can spend much time and learn the fundamental concepts easily. The main purpose is to help students understand the link between the concepts which were learnt in previous classes as well.
|Diversity of Living Organisms: Chapter – 1, 2, 3 and 4
|Structural Organization in Plants and Animals: Chapter – 5, 6 and 7
|Cell: Structure and Function: Chapter – 8, 9 and 10
|Plant Physiology: Chapter – 13, 14 and 15
|Human Physiology: Chapter –17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22
How to utilise Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions for Board and Competitive Exams?
Biology is a subject that tells us all about the natural world. Just like the other disciplines of science, it tries to explain the various phenomenon, events, or organisms with the help of observation, experimentation and documentation. Here are a few tips you need to learn to study biology.
Diagrams are a prominent part of NCERT Class 11 Biology syllabus. In the exam, though, you will not have much time to draw neatly or clearly, and this, in turn, might prevent you from scoring well in the exam. Therefore, practise the relevant diagrams paying attention to aspects such as shading and texturing beforehand. Doing this will make you stand out from your fellow students. Now, this might take some time to develop and get good at, but the reward is worth it.
- Breaking down Information
The sheer magnitude of information might make it hard for you to remember everything. That is why you need to develop a technique called information chunking, where the information is broken down into small chunks, making it easier for the student to process the information. This is very effective because the cognitive load is reduced, and this, in turn, slows down mental fatigue. How you split the information is entirely dependent on you and your abilities.
- Note Taking
Everyone already knows this, but not everyone implements it. This technique is underrated but incredibly helpful from an examination perspective. Whenever you are attending a lecture, make sure you note down the crucial points that the teacher says. This process stimulates your thinking, and you can recall information more easily. Furthermore, this is an essential tool when revising for your exam. Since you prepare these notes, you will find it easier to comprehend and recall the information.
For more resources like important questions, mock tests, and sample papers, you can register on BYJU’S or download our app. India’s largest K-12 learning app has the country’s best teachers. Find NCERT Solutions, notes, question papers, and worksheets for various other subjects like Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. We provide resources to prepare for competitive exams as well.
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology
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