Social Science Class 10 Syllabus

Here, we provide you with the updated term wise class 10 social science syllabus 2018-2019. Recently, the CBSE initiated a number of innovations in the exam pattern in line with the broad objectives set by the national curriculum. These changes require a new approach from students while attempting questions. They aim at bringing in objectivity in the testing system by reducing subjectivity.

The final exam carries 100 marks with 80 marks component devoted to the class 10 board exams and the other 20 marks component for internal assessments. Internal assessments further comprise of periodic tests with a weightage of 10 marks, the other ten marks are equally divided between note submission and subject enrichment activities each carrying 5 marks. It recommended to analyse the complete syllabus of class 10 social science first and then make a study plan accordingly. Given below is the social science class 10 syllabus.

First Term Class 10 Social Science Syllabus


Sub Unit



Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II

1.2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies

4.The Making of a Global World

(a) The contrast between the form of industrialization in Britain and India.

(b) Relationship between handicrafts and industrial production, formal and informal sectors.

(c) Livelihood of workers. Case studies : Britain and India. (Chapter 4)

5.The Age of Industrialization

(a) Patterns of urbanization

(b) Migration and the growth of towns.

(c) Social change and urban life.

(d) Merchants, middle classes, workers and urban poor. (Chapter 5)
Case Studies: London and Bombay in the nineteenth and twentieth century.

6. Work, Life and Leisure

(a) Expansion and integration of the world market in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

(b) Trade and economy between the two Wars.

(c) Shifts after the 1950s.

(d) Implications of globalization for livelihood patterns.

1.3. Everyday Life, Culture and Politics

(Any one among these two themes)

7. Print Culture and the Modern World

(a) The history of print in Europe.

(b) The growth of press in nineteenth-century India.

(c) The relationship between print culture, public debate and politics. (Chapter 7)

8. Novels, Society and History

(a) The emergence of the novel as a genre in the west.

(b) The relationship between the novel and the changes in modern society.

(c) Early novels in nineteenth-century India.

(d) A study of two or three major writers. (Chapter 8)

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II

Map work [3 marks]

1. Resources and Development

Types – natural and human; Need for resource planning, natural resources, land as a resource, soil types and distribution; changing land-use pattern; land degradation and conservation measures. (Chapter 1)

2. Forest and Wildlife Resources

Types and distribution, depletion of flora and fauna; conservation and protection of forest and wildlife. (Chapter 2)

3. Water Resources

Sources, distribution, utilisation, multi-purpose projects, water scarcity, need for conservation and management, Rainwater Harvesting. (One case study to be introduced) (Chapter 3)

4. Agriculture

Types of farming, major crops, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms; their impact; contribution of Agriculture to national economy – employment and output. (Chapter 4)

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

1 & 2. Power Sharing & Federalism

Why and how is power shared in democracies? How has federal division of power in India helped national unity? To what extent has decentralisation achieved this objective? How does democracy accommodate different social groups?(Chapter 1 & 2)

3 & 4. Democracy and Diversity & Gender Religion and Caste

Are divisions inherent to the working of democracy? What has been the effect of caste on politics and of politics on caste? How has the gender division shaped politics? How do communal divisions affect democracy? (Chapter 3 & 4)

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

1. Development

The traditional notion of development; National Income and Per-capita Income. Growth of NI – critical appraisal of existing development indicators (PCI, IMR, SR and other income and health indicators) The need for health and educational development; Human Development Indicators (in simple and brief as a holistic measure of development. The approach to this theme: Use case study of three states (Kerala, Punjab and Bihar) or take a few countries (India, China, Sri Lanka and one developed country) (Chapter 1)

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy

Sectors of Economic Activities; Historical change in sectors; Rising importance of tertiary sector; Employment Generation; Division of Sectors Organised and Unorganised; Protective measures for unorganised sector workers. (Chapter 2)

Second Term Class 10 Social Science Syllabus


Sub Unit



Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II

1.1. Events and processes:

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

The growth of nationalism in Europe after the 1830s.

(b) The ideas of Giuseppe Mazzini etc.

(c) General characteristics of the movements in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and Greece.

2. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

Factors leading to growth of rationalism in India (a) French colonialism in Indochina.

(b) Phases of struggle against the French.

(c) The ideas of Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Boi Chau, Nguyen Ac Quoc

(d) The second world war and the liberation struggle.

(e) America and the second Indochina war.

3. Nationalism in India

Civil Disobedience Movement (a) First world war, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation.

(b) Salt Satyagraha. (c) Movements of peasants, workers, tribals.

(d) Activities of different political groups

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II

5. Minerals and Energy Resources

Types of minerals, distribution, use and economic importance of minerals, conservation, types of power resources: conventional and nonconventional, distribution and utilization, and conservation. (Chapter 5)

6. Manufacturing Industries

Types, spatial distribution, contribution of industries to the national economy, industrial pollution and degradation of the environment, measures to control degradation. (One case study to be introduced) (Chapter 7)

7. Lifelines of National Economy

Transport, roadways, road density, railways, waterways, major seaports, communication, international trades and tourism as a trade

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

5 & 6. Popular Struggles and Movements & Political Parties

How do struggles shape democracy in favour of ordinary people? What role do political parties playin competition and contestation? Which are the major national and regional parties in India? Why have social movements come to occupy large role in politics? (Chapter 5 & 6)

7. Outcomes of Democracy

Can or should democracy be judged by its outcomes? What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies? Does democracy in India meet these expectations? Has democracy led to development, security and dignity for the people? What sustains democracy in India? (Chapter 7)

8. Challenges to Democracy

Is the idea of democracy shrinking? What are the major challenges to democracy in India? How can democracy be reformed and deepened? What role can an ordinary citizen play in deepening democracy? (Chapter 8)

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

3. Money and Credit

Role of money in an economy: Historical origin; Formal and Informal financial institutions for Savings and Credit – General Introduction; Select one formal institution such as a nationalized commercial bank and a few informal institutions; Local money lenders, landlords, self help groups, chit funds and private finance companies. (Chapter 3)

4. Globalisation and the Indian Economy

What is Globalisation (through some simple examples); How India is being globalised and why; Development Strategy prior to 1991. State Control of Industries : Textile goods as an example for elaboration; Economic Reforms 1991; Strategies adopted in Reform measures (easing of capital flows; migration, investment flows); Different perspectives on globalisation and its impact on different sectors; Political Impact of globalisation. (Chapter 4)

5. Consumer Rights

How consumer is exploited (one or two simple case studies) factors causing exploitation of consumers; Rise of consumer awareness; how a consumer should be in a market; role of government in consumer protection. (Chapter 5)

Unit 5: Disaster Management

(Through Formative Assessment only)

  • Tsunami
  • Safer Construction Practices
  • Survival Skills
  • Alternate Communication systems during disasters
  • Sharing Responsibility

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