Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus

Byju’s brings you latest CBSE syllabus for class 12 Chemistry along with study material and question paper pattern. It is important to know which are the units and chapters included in class 12 chemistry syllabus along with NCERT solutions so that you get to know the new units added which were not the part of syllabus last year and whether any of the previous chapters and topics are deleted.

Here is the list of units in class 12 Chemistry:

  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • General Principle and Process of Isolation of Elements
  • The p-Block Elements
  • The d- and f- Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Amines
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

CHAPTER 1:The Solid State

1.1 General Characteristics of Solid State

1.2 Amorphous and Crystalline Solids

1.3 Classification of Crystalline Solids

1.4 Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells

1.5 Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell

1.6 Close Packed Structures

1.7 Packing Efficiency

1.8 Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions

1.9 Imperfection in Solids

1.10 Electrical Properties

1.11 Magnetic Properties

CHAPTER 2:Solutions

2.1 Types of Solutions

2.2 Expressing Concentration of Solutions

2.3 Solubility

2.4 Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions

2.5 Ideal and Non-Ideal Solutions

2.6 Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass

2.7 Abnormal Molar Mass

CHAPTER 3:Electrochemistry

3.1 Electrochemical Cells

3.2 Galvanic Cells

3.3 Nernst Equation

3.4 Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions

3.5 Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis

3.6 Batteries

3.7 Fuel Cells

3.8 Corrosion

CHAPTER 4:Chemical Kinetics

4.1 Rate of a Chemical Reaction

4.2 Factors Influencing Rate of Reaction

4.3 Integrated Rate Equations

4.4 Pseudo First Order Reaction

4.5 Temperature Dependance of the Rate of a Reaction

4.6 Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions

CHAPTER 5:Surface Chemistry

5.1 Adsorption

5.2 Catalysis

5.3 Colloids

5.4 Classification of Colloids

5.5 Emulsions

5.6 Colloids Around Us

CHAPTER 6:General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

6.1 Occurence of Metals

6.2 Concentration of Ores

6.3 Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore

6.4 Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy

6.5 Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy

6.6 Oxidation Reduction

6.7 Refining

6.8 Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron

CHAPTER 7:The p-Block Elements

7.1 Group 15 Elements

7.2 Dinitrogen

7.3 Ammonia

7.4 Oxides of Nitrogen

7.5 Nitric Acid

7.6 Phosphorus- Allotropic Forms

7.7 Phosphite

7.8 Phosphorus Halides

7.9 Oxoacids of Phosphorus

7.10 Group 16 Elements

7.11 Dioxygen

7.12 Simple Oxides

7.13 Ozone

7.14 Sulphur- Allotropic Forms

7.15 Sulphur Dioxide

7.16 Oxoacids of Sulphur

7.17 Sulphuric Acid

7.18 Group 17 Elements

7.19 Chlorine

7.20 Hydrogen Chloride

7.21 Oxoacids of Halogens

7.22 Interhalogen Compounds

7.23 Group 18 Elements

CHAPTER 8:The d- and f-Block Elements

8.1 Position in the Periodic Table

8.2 Electronic Configuration of the d-Block Elements

8.3 General Properties of the Transition Elements(d-Block)

8.4 Some Important Compounds of Transition Elements

8.5 The Lanthanoids

8.6 The Actinoids

8.7 Some Applications of d- and f- Block Elements

CHAPTER 9:Coordination Compounds

9.1 Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds

9.2 Definition of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds

9.3 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds

9.4 Isomerism in Coordination Compounds

9.5 Bonding in Coordination Compounds

9.6 Bonding in Metal Carbonyls

9.7 Stability of Coordination Compounds

9.8 Importance and Applications of Coordination Compounds

CHAPTER 10:Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

10.1 Classification

10.2 Nomenclature

10.3 Nature of C-X Bond

10.4 Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes

10.5 Preparation of Haloarenes

10.6 Physical properties

10.7 Chemical Reactions

CHAPTER 11:Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

11.1 Classification

11.2 Nomenclature

11.3 Structure of Functional Groups

11.4 Alcohols and Phenols

11.5 Some Commercially Important Alcohols

11.6 Ethers

CHAPTER 12:Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

12.1 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxylic Group

12.2 Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones

12.3 Physical Properties

12.4 Chemical Reactions

12.5 Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones

12.6 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxylic Group

12.7 Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

12.8 Physical Properties

12.9 Chemical Reactions

12.10 Uses of Carboxylic Acids

CHAPTER 13:Amines

13.1 Structure of Amines

13.2 Classification

13.3 Nomenclature

13.4 Preparation of Amines

13.5 Physical Properties

13.6 Chemical Reactions

13.7 Method of Preparation of Diazonium Salts

13.8 Physical Properties

13.9 Chemical Reactions

13.10 Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds

CHAPTER 14:Biomolecules

14.1 Carbohydrates

14.2 Proteins

14.3 Enzymes

14.4 Vitamins

14.5 Nucleic Acids

14.6 Hormones

CHAPTER 15:Polymers

15.1 Classification of Polymers

15.2 Types of Polymerisation Reactions

15.3 Molecular Mass of Polymers

15.4 Biodegradable Polymers

15.5 Polymers of Commercial Importance

CHAPTER 16:Chemistry in Everyday Life

16.1 Drugs and their Classification

16.2 Drugs-Target Interaction

16.3 Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs

16.4 Chemicals in Food

16.5 Cleansing Agents

CBSE is always concerned about the results and performances of students in their academics and therefore imparts modifications in class 12 chemistry syllabus after proper studies and discussions with the board members. Every change points towards the overall development and advancement of the students by keeping the importance of primary education and role of future generations in the economic growth.

Practise This Question

Ammonium hydroxide is a weak base because