CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 7- Coordinate Geometry Objective Questions

Multiple-choice questions have become an integral part of the CBSE Exams. Also, with the current modification to the exam pattern, the objective type questions are going to be asked more in the Class 10 Board Exams for all subjects, including Mathematics. Here we have compiled only the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) framed from various important topics in chapter 7- Coordinate Geometry from the Maths textbooks for CBSE Class 10.

One of the main topics discussed in this chapter includes finding the area between two points whose coordinate values are provided. For instance, the area of a triangle. This chapter covers some basic concepts like the area of a triangle, rhombus, the distance between sides and intersections. This chapter also deals with the relationship between Numerical and Geometry and their application in our daily lives. Students can download the topic wise CBSE Class 10 Maths objective questions from the clickable link given below.

List of Sub-Topics Covered In Chapter 7

The solutions provided at BYJU’S are in such a way that every step while solving a problem, is explained clearly and in detail. The CBSE Class 10 examination often asks questions, either directly or indirectly, from the NCERT textbooks. These CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 7- Coordinate Geometry Objective Questions With Solutions is also very helpful for the students to prepare for the exams. Following the change in exam pattern, more MCQs are expected to be included in the exam paper from this academic year onwards.

7.1 Basics revisited (5 MCQs From The Topic)

7.2 Distance formula (5 MCQs From The Given Topic)

7.3 Section formula (5 MCQs Listed From The Topic)

7.4 Area from coordinates (5MCQs Listed From The Given Topic)

Download CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 7- Coordinate Geometry Objective Questions Free PDF

Basics revisited

    1. What will be the reflection of the point (4, 5) about the X-axis, in the fourth quadrant?
      1. (4, 5)
      2. (4, -5)
      3. (-4, -5)
      4. (-4, 5)

Answer: (B) (4,-5)

Solution: X – axis will act as a plane mirror and this point will form an image, following the sign convention, at (4, -5) in the fourth quadrant.

    1. Point P lies on the line 3x+ 4y – 12 = 0. If X- coordinate of P is a, then its y-coordinate is ______.
      1. (12-3a) / 4
      2. (12-4a)/ 3
      3. (12+3a)/4
      4. (3a-12)/4

Answer: (A) (12-3a) / 4

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 2 solution image

The points on the line should satisfy the equation of the line.

So, the point P (a, y) satisfies the equation. Hence,

3x+ 4y – 12 = 0

3(a) + 4(y) -12 = 0

4y = 12-3a

Y = (12-3a) / 4

    1. If point P lies on the line y = -1, find the followinga) Its Y-coordinate

      b) Its X-coordinate

      1. y = -1, x can be any real number
      2. y = 1, x = -1
      3. x = -2, y = -1
      4. x = -1, y = -1

Answer: (A) y = -1, x can be any real number

Solution: Since it is given that the point P lies on the line y = -1, its y coordinate will be -1.

Its x coordinate can be any real number.

    1. Find the values of k, if the points A (k+1, 2k), B (3k, 2k+3) and C (5k-1,5k) are collinear.
      1. k = 5, 1/5
      2. k = 4, 1/4
      3. k = 3, 1/3
      4. k = 2, 1/2

Answer: (D) k = 2, 1/2

Solution: We know that, if three points are collinear, then the area of the triangle formed by these points is zero.

Since, the points A (k+1,2k), B (3k, 2k+3) and C (5k-1,5k) are collinear.

Then, area of Δ ABC = 0.

⇒ ½ [x1(y2−y3) +x2(y3−y1) +x3(y1−y2)] =0

Multiplying above expression by 2, we get

[x1(y2−y3) +x2(y3−y1) +x3(y1−y2)] =0

Here, x1=k+1, x2=3k, x3=5k−1

and y1=2k, y2=2k+3, y3=5k

⇒[(k+1)(2k+3−5k)+3k(5k−2k)+(5k−1)(2k−(2k+3))]=0⇒[(k+1)(3−3k)+3k(3k)+(5k−1)(2k−2k−3)]=0

⇒ [−3k2+3k−3k+3+9k2−15k+3] =0

⇒ (6k2−15k+6) =0

⇒6k2−15k+6=0

Dividing the equation by 3, we get

⇒2k2−5k+2=0

⇒2k2−4k−k+2=0       [by factorization method]

⇒2k(k−2)−1(k−2)=0

⇒ (k−2) (2k−1) =0

If k – 2 = 0, then k = 2

If 2k – 1, then k = 1/2

∴k=2, 1/2

Hence, the required values of k are 2 and 1/2.

    1. Name the type of triangle formed by the points A (-5, 6), B (-4,-2) and C (7, 5).
      1. Equilateral triangle
      2. Scalene triangle
      3. Isosceles triangle
      4. Right-angled triangle

Answer: (B) Scalene triangle

Solution: To find the type of triangle, first, we determine the length of all the three sides and see if the condition of the triangle is satisfied by these sides.

Now, using distance formula between two points,

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 5 solution image 1

We see that, AB≠BC≠CA

And Δ ABC does not satisfy Pythagoras theorem

Hence, the required triangle is scalene because all sides are of different length.

Distance formula

    1. The distance of the point (–2, –2) from the origin is

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 6 options and answer image

Solution: Let the origin be O and the point A be (-2, -2)

Using distance formula,

OA2 = (22 + 22)

OA2 = 8

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 6 solutions image

    1. The points on X-axis at a distance of 10 units from (11, –8) are
      1. (5, 2) (17, 0)
      2. (5, 0) (17, 0)
      3. (6, 0) (17, 0)
      4. (5, 0) (16, 0)

Answer: (B) (5, 0) (17, 0)

Solution: Any point on the x-axis is of the form (x,0)

Let the point be (x,0)

Using distance formula

(x−11)2+82=102

x2−22x+121+64=100

x2−22x+85=0,

Factorising we get,

x2−17x−5x+85=0

(x−17)(x−5)=0

x=17,5

Hence the points are (17,0) and (5,0)

    1. The point on the x-axis which is equidistant from (2, –5) and (–2, 9) is
      1. (7, 0)
      2. (-7, 0)
      3. (2, 0)
      4. (-2, 0)

Answer: (B) (-7, 0)

Solution: We know that a point on the x-axis is of form (x, 0). Let the point on the x-axis be P(x, 0) and the given points are A (2, -5) and B (-2, 9)

Now,
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 8 solutions image 1

Since PA = PB,
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 8 solutions image 2

⇒ (2−x)2 + (−5−0)2 = (−2−x)2 + (9−0)2

⇒ 4 – 4x + x2 + 25 = 4 + 4x + x2 + 81

⇒ – 8x = 56

⇒ x = -7

Hence, the required point is (-7, 0)

    1. The points (6. 6), (0, 6) and (6, 0) are the vertices of a right triangle as shown in the figure. Find the distance between its centroid and circumcentre.

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 9 image 1
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 9 image 2

Solution: Circumcentre = midpoint of AB

= [(X1 + X2)/2, (Y1 + Y2)/2]

= [(6+0)/2, (6+0)/2]

= (3, 3)

Centroid (G) = [(X1 + X2+ X3)/3, (Y1+Y2+ Y3)/3]

= [(6+0+6)/3, (0+6+6)/3]

= (4, 4)

∵ Distance between two points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 9 Solutions image 1

∴ Distance between centroid and circumcentre
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 9 solutions image 2

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 9 solutions image 3

    1. The distance between the points (a, b) and (– a, – b) is:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 10 image 1

Solution: Let A (a, b) and B (-a,-b) be the two points and’d’ be the distance between them.

By using distance formula, we get

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 10 Solution image 1

Section formula

    1. Mid-point of the line-segment joining the points (– 5, 4) and (9, – 8) is:
      1. (-2,2)
      2. (7,-6)
      3. (2,-2)
      4. (-7,6)

Answer: (C) (2,-2)

Solution: ∵ Midpoint of a line segment joining (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is [(x1+ x2)/2, (y1+y2)/2]

∴ Mid-point of the line-segment joining the points (– 5, 4) and (9, – 8) = [(9-5)/2, (4-8)/2] = (2, -2)

    1. The line x + y = 10 divides line segment AB in the ratio a: 1. Find the value of a.

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 12 image 1

      1. ½
      2. 1
      3. 2
      4. 3

Answer: (B) 1

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 12 solutions image 1

The point, say P(x, y), divides the line AB into the ratio a: 1.

The equation for the point that divides a line in the ratio m: n is,

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 12 solutions image 2where (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are the coordinates of the endpoints of the line segment.

Applying the formula, we get
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 12 solutions image 3

This point lies on the line x + y = 10, so substitute the points in the equation for the line

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 12 solutions image 4

6a + 2 + 8a + 4 = 10(a+1)

4a = 4

a = 1

    1. Point A (1, 2) and B (3, 4) are two ends of a line segment. Find the point which divides AB in the ratio 3:4

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 13 image 1

      1. (4,3)
      2. (2,3)
      3. 15/7, 22/7
      4. 13/7, 20/7

Answer: (D) 13/7, 20/7

Solution: The coordinates for the point that divides a line in the ratio m:n is,

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 13 solutions image 1

Substituting in the equation, we get

 

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 13 solutions image 2

= 13/7, 20/7

The point which divides the line segment in the ratio 3:4 is,

13/7, 20/7

    1. Find the point (x,y) that divides the join of A(3,6) and B(7,10) in the ratio 3:1
      1. None of these
      2. (6,9)
      3. (4,5)
      4. (8,9)

Answer: (B) (6, 9)

Solution: If (x, y) divides the join of A(x1,y1) and (x2,y2) in the ratio m: n

Then,
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 14 solutions image 1and
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 14 solutions image 2

Here, x1=3, x2=7, y1=6, y2=10, m = 3 and n = 1

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 14 solutions image 3and
cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 14 solutions image 4

x = 6 and y = 9

Therefore the point is (6, 9)

    1. If (1, 2), (4, y), (x, 6) and (3, 5) are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order, find x and y.
      1. (2,3)
      2. (4,3)
      3. (6,3)
      4. (2,5)

Answer: (C) (6, 3)

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 15 image 1

The given points are : A(1,2), B(4, y), C(x, 6), and D(3,5)

Since, the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

∴ The coordinates of P are:

X= (x+1)/ 2 = (3+4)/2

⇒x+1=7⇒x=6

Y = (5+Y)/2= (6+2)/2

⇒5+y=8⇒y=3

∴ The required values of x and y are:

x=6,y=3.

Area from coordinates

    1. The area of a quadrilateral whose vertices taken in order are (–4, –2), (–3, –5), (3, –2) and (2, 3) is _______.
      1. 26 sq. units
      2. 28 sq. units
      3. 30 sq. units
      4. 27 sq. units

Answer: (B) 28 sq. units

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 16 image 1

Consider the points A(−4,−2),B(−3,−5),C(3,−2) and D(2,3).

Area of a triangle having coordinates (x1,y1), (x2,y2), (x3,y3) is given by

½ × |x1 (y2−y3) +x2(y3−y1) +x3(y1−y2)|

∴ Area of Δ ABC

= 1/2 | (-4) (-5 + 2) -3(-2 + 2) + 3(-2 + 5)|

=  1/2|20−8−6+15|=21/2 = 10.5 sq. units

Similarly, area of   ΔACD

= 1/2| (-4) (-2 – 3) +3(3 + 2) + 2(-2 + 2)|

= 1/2|20+15|=35/2 = 17.5 sq. units

Now, area of quadrilateral ABCD = Area (ΔABC) + Area (ΔACD) = (10.5 + 17.5) sq. units = 28 sq. units.

    1. If the points (a, 0), (0, b) and (1, 1) are collinear, then which of the following is true?
      1. (1/a) + (1/b)= 2
      2. (1/a) + (1/b)= 1
      3. (1/a) + (1/b)= 0
      4. (1/a) + (1/b)= 4

Answer: (B) (1/a) + (1/b) = 1

Solution: Area of a triangle formed by (x1, y1), (x2, y2), (x3, y3) = 1/2 [x1(y2 – y3) + x2(y3 – y1)

+ x3(y1 – y2)]

For 3 points to be collinear the area of the triangle should be zero:

⇒1/2[a (b−1) + 0(1−0) + 1(0−b)] =0

⇒1/2[a (b−1) +1(0−b)] =0

⇒ab=a+b

⇒ (1/a) + (1/b) = 1

    1. If 2 triangles have the same height, the ratio of their areas is equal to the
      1. Ratio of any 2 sides
      2. Ratio of their corresponding bases
      3. The ratio of their heights
      4. 1

Answer: (B) Ratio of their corresponding bases

Solution: Area of triangle 1 / Area of triangle 2= (½ × Base 1× height) / (½ × Base 2× height) = base 1/ base 2

    1. >

    2. The area of triangle with vertices A(x1,y1),B(x2,y2) and C(x3,y3) is:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 19 image 1

(A) 1/2[x2(y2−y3) +x3(y3−y1) +x2(y1−y2)]

(B) 1/2[x1(y2−y3) +x3(y3−y1) +x1(y1−y2)]

(C) All of these

(D) 1/2[x1(y2−y3) +x2(y3−y1) +x3(y1−y2)]

Answer: (D) 1/2[x1(y2−y3) +x2(y3−y1) +x3(y1−y2)]

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 19 solutions image 1

Let ABC be any triangle whose vertices are A(x1, y1), B(x2, y2) and C(x3, y3). Draw AP, QR and CR perpendiculars from A, B and C, respectively, to the x-axis. Clearly ABQP, APRC and BQRC are all trapezia.

Now from figure, it is clear that

Area of △ABC = Area of trapezium ABQP + Area of trapezium APRC – Area of trapezium BQRC.

Area of a trapezium =1/2 (Sum of parallel sides)(Distance between the parallel sides)

Therefore,

Area of ΔABC=1/2(BQ+AP)QP+1/2(AP+CR)PR−1/2(BQ+CR)QR

=1/2(y2+y1)(x1−x2)+1/2(y3+y1)(x3−x1)−1/2(y2+y3)(x3−x2)

=1/2[x1(y2−y3)+x2(y3−y1)+x3(y1−y2)]

Thus, the area of ΔABC is the numerical value of the expression 1/2[x1(y2−y3)+x2(y3−y1)+x3(y1−y2)]

    1. P(x, y), A (3, 4) and B (5, -2) are the vertices of triangle PAB such that |PA|=|PB| and area of ΔPAB=10 sq. units, then PA = k√5 units.  Find the value of k.
      1. 2
      2. 1
      3. √5
      4. 3

Answer: (A) 2

Solution:

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 20 solutions image 1

Given, |PA|=|PB|

∴PA2=PB2

⇒ (x−3)2+ (y−4)2 = (x−5)2+(y+2)2

⇒x2−6x+9+y2−8y+16=x2−10x+25+y2+4y+4

⇒4x−12y=4⇒x−3y=1…(i)

Area of ΔPAB=1/2|x (4+2) +3(−2−y) +5(y−4)|

⇒10=1/2|6x−6−3y+5y−20|

⇒20=6x+2y−26⇒6x+2y−26=20 or 6x+2y−26=−20

⇒6x+2y=46 or 6x+2y=63x+y=23… (2)

or 3x+y=3… (3)

Solving (1) and (3), we get

x=1, y=0

Solving (1) and (2), we get

x=7, y=2

∴ Coordinates of P are (7, 2) and (1, 0)

Length of

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 20 solutions image 2

Also, Length of PA

cbse class 10 maths chapter 7 question 20 solutions image 3

⇒k=2

Each question is provided with an answer and a detailed solution. Students are, however, advised to attempt these questions on their own before referring to the answers in order to self-assess their performance.

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