NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds

NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science helps students to understand science concepts in detail, boost their confidence and attempt the exam smartly. NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science, provides solutions to all the questions asked at the end of every chapter as well as the questions printed within a chapter. These solutions are designed by our subject experts who are highly experienced. The solutions created are authentic and can be referred by the students as a guide to prepare for their science examination. The content is straightforward, which makes it easy to understand. The concepts are explained with diagrams, points to remember, step by step procedure, shortcuts for numerical problems and tricks to remember formulae and chemical reactions.

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Access Answers of Science NCERT class 10 Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds

Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 1
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 2
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 3
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 4
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 5
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 6
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 7
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 8
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 9
Class 10 Science Carbon and its compounds part 10

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds

Average Number of questions from this chapter usually asked is for two plus three marks. In the year 2017, a total of 15 marks questions were asked from this chapter whereas in the year 2018 the weightage was 2+3 = 5.

List of Section questions with type

Section number Section name Questions Question type
Section 4.1 Bonding in Carbon – The covalent bond 2 2 short answers
Section 4.2 Versatile nature of carbon 5 2 very short answer, 3 long answers
Section 4.3 Chemical properties of Carbon compounds 2 2 long answer
Section 4.4 Some important carbon compounds – ethanol and ethanoic acid 2 1 short answer, 1 long answer
Section 4.5 Soaps and detergents 2 1 very short answer, 1 long answer

List of Exercise questions with type

This chapter consists of 15 questions and is divided into the following types –

Multiple choice questions (MCQ) 3
Short answer (SA) 2
Long answer (LA) 7
Very long answer (VLA) 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds

Carbon is the basis for all living organisms and a versatile element. It is tetravalent and has the property of catenation. Carbon forms covalent bonds by sharing electrons between two atoms and achieves completely filled outermost shell. It forms covalent bonds with oxygen, chlorine, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, and itself. It can form double and triple bond compounds. There exist three types of carbon chains viz, branched, ring, and straight. Carbon is considered as a major source of fuel. Ethanoic acid and ethanol are carbon compounds which are important and used in our daily lives. The behaviour of detergents and soaps is because of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups in the which help in the emulsification of oily dirt and removes it.

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds

  • The information given in these NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds is authentic and simple.
  • These solutions provide answers to all the exercise questions present at the end of chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds from NCERT class 10 science textbook.
  • The solutions to questions printed between the lesson have also been provided.
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its Compounds are provided by expert teachers after expansive research.
  • These solutions will be useful to prepare for the board exam as well as various competitive exams.
  • Students can refer these solutions to prepare for their board exam as it consists of step by step procedure, neat labelled diagrams, shortcuts, tips to tackle the complex type of questions smartly.

You can check out NCERT Solutions for Class 10 to get NCERT Class 10 chapter wise solutions for other subjects.

Frequently Asked Questions on Carbon and Its Compounds

What are oxidising agents ?

Oxidising agents are those compounds which either removes Hydrogen or adds oxygen to a compound. Ex: halogens, potassium nitrate, and nitric acid.

Would you be able to check if water is hard by using a detergent ?

It is not possible to check if water is hard by using a detergent because detergents are salts of ammonium or sulphonates of long chain carboxylic acids. Unlike soaps they do not react with calcium and magnesium to distinguish nature of water.

What is a homologous series ?

A homologous series is a series of compounds, which has the same functional group. This also contains similar general formula and chemical properties. Since there is a change in the physical properties, we can say that there would be an increase in the molecular size and mass.

Why are carbon and its compounds used as fuels for most applications ?

Carbon and its compounds used as fuels for most applications for they have high calorific values and give out a lot of energy. Most of the carbon compounds give a lot of heat and light when burnt in air.

Explain the formation of scum when hard water is treated with soap?

Scrum is produced from reaction of hard water with soap. Calcium and magnesium present in the hard water form an insoluble precipitate that stick as a white which is also called as scrum.

What is hydrogenation ?

Hydrogenation is a process or a chemical reaction between hydrogen and other compounds. It is usually done in the presence of catalysts: for example nickel, palladium or platinum.

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