NCERT Syllabus Class 8 Geography

NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography – Free PDF Download

Geography is an integral component of the Social Science subject. The subject introduces students to the basic concepts which are necessary for understanding the world in which they live. The NCERT Class 8 Geography also promotes the interdependence of various regions and countries.

To know the interesting topics that are there in the Geography subject, students must closely go through the NCERT Syllabus for Class 8. Here, we have provided the detailed NCERT Class 8 Geography Syllabus, which students can also download in PDF format.

Download NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography PDF 2023-24

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Topics and objectives of the NCERT Syllabus Class 8 Geography are provided in the table below. Also, the number of periods required to finish a particular topic is mentioned in the table.



No. of Periods

Resources: Resources and their types – natural and human. To know the meaning of resources, their variety, location and distribution. 10
Natural resources: Their distribution, utilisation and conservation, land and soil, water, natural vegetation, wildlife, mineral and power resources (world patterns with special reference to India). To understand the importance of resources in our life.

To appreciate the judicious use of resources for sustainable development.

To develop awareness towards resource conservation and take the initiative towards the conservation process.

Agriculture: Types of farming, major crops, food crops, fibres, beverages, agricultural development – two case studies – one from India and the other from a developed country/a farm in the US/Netherlands/Australia. Learn about various types of farming and agricultural development in two different regions. 15
Industries: Classification of industries based on size, raw material, ownership; major industries and distribution; infrastructure and development.

Iron and Steel (a comparative study of Jamshedpur and a centre in the USA, e.g., Detroit).

Textile Industry (Ahmedabad and Osaka).

Information Technology (Bangalore and Silicon Valley).

To understand important forms of manufacturing industries. 14
Human Resources – Composition, population change, distribution and density. To understand the role of human resources in the development of the nation’s economy. 12

Students can study all the topics mentioned in the NCERT Syllabus from the NCERT Class 8 Textbook of Geography.

Project/Activity for Class 8 Geography Subject

Below we have listed the project work and activities for students.

  • Observe and report on local agricultural practices and crops grown/manufacturing industries.
  • Collect information regarding some endangered plants and animal species of India.
  • Visit an industry/local agricultural farm.
  • Prepare a chart showing the difference between the lifestyle of farmers in the developed countries and India on the basis of pictures collected from magazines, newspapers and the internet.

To attain a firm grip over the key topics present in the NCERT Syllabus of any class and subject, refer to the NCERT Solutions. This resource comes in handy for preparing notes and quick revisions.

Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on the NCERT Syllabus, CBSE, and other competitive exams. Download BYJU’S – The Learning App and subscribe to our YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Class 8 Geography Syllabus


Does the NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography PDF help students with exam preparations?

The NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography is available as a PDF and can be downloaded for free from BYJU’S website. Students must refer to the NCERT Syllabus while preparing for their exams. By doing so, students will not miss preparing any topic that is important for the examination.

How can I effectively use the NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography?

The NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 is updated for the current academic year according to the latest CBSE guidelines. You can effectively utilise this resource for creating a personalised study plan. Further, you can also use the NCERT Syllabus as a checklist during your revisions.

What are the main topics covered in the NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography?

The main topics covered in the NCERT Syllabus for Class 8 Geography are:
1. Resources
2. Natural resources
3. Agriculture
4. Industries
5. Human Resources


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