The Civil Services Exam (CSE) in India is a nationwide competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for recruitment of candidates to various Central and All India Civil Service posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) etc.
Highlights about the Civil Service Examination:
|Name of the Examination||Civil Services Exam (CSE)|
|Exam Level||All India / National Level|
|Conducting Body||Union Public Service Commission|
|Exam mode||Offline / Pen and paper mode|
|Number of vacancies||Varies each year (896 for the year 2019)|
|Eligibility||Indian between 21 – 32 years of age
For details on eligibility and age relaxation, see Civil Services Exam Eligibility
|Number of attempts||6 attempts
For details on relaxation, see Civil Services Exam Age Limit
The Civil Service Exam popularly known as the IAS exam is conducted in three stages namely:
- Civil Services Exam (Preliminary) – Objective Type
- Civil Services Exam (Main) – Descriptive Type
- Personality Test / Interview
The entire process of the civil services examination from the notification of the preliminary examination to the declaration of the final results takes place roughly within a year. The candidates who get selected are recruited and trained for various services by the Central Government and then allotted different State Cadres as per their preference and ranking.
Complete list of posts for which candidates are recruited:
The civil services exam posts are categorized into two categories: Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’.
Group ‘A’ services include three All India Services (the IAS, IPS and the IFS) and 18 other services as indicated in the table below.
|ALL INDIA SERVICES|
|(i)||Indian Administrative Services (IAS)|
|(ii)||Indian Forest Services (IFoS)|
|(iii)||Indian Police Services (IPS)|
|GROUP ‘A’ SERVICES|
|(i)||Indian Foreign Service (IFS)|
|(ii)||Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service|
|(iii)||Indian Audit and Accounts Service|
|(iv)||Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)|
|(v)||Indian Defence Accounts Service|
|(vi)||Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)|
|(vii)||Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)|
|(viii)||Indian Postal Service|
|(ix)||Indian Civil Accounts Service|
|(x)||Indian Railway Traffic Service|
|(xi)||Indian Railway Accounts Service|
|(xii)||Indian Railway Personnel Service|
|(xiii)||Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force|
|(xiv)||Indian Defence Estates Service|
|(xv)||Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)|
|(xvi)||Indian Trade Service|
|(xvii)||Indian Corporate Law Service|
|(xviii)||Indian Revenue Service (CBEC)|
Group ‘B’ has five services under it.
|GROUP ‘B’ SERVICES|
|(i)||Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)|
|(ii)||Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service|
|(iii)||Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service|
|(iv)||Pondicherry Civil Service|
|(v)||Pondicherry Police Service|
Civil Services Exam Date:
Given below is a general time frame within which the UPSC schedules important events of the exam such as the Civil Service notifications and exam dates.
UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern 2019
Prelims is the first stage of the Civil Services Examination process. It is a screening test to select the students for the further selection process. Prelims exam comprises of two objective type papers of 200 marks each. Only those who manage to score more than the cut off declared by the UPSC for that particular year will be summoned for the next level of examination. However, the marks scored in Prelims will not be counted for arriving at the final merit list.
Read more about the pattern and syllabus and preparation strategy for Civil Services Exam (Preliminary).
Mains Exam is the second level in the Civil Services Selection Process. Mains exam comprises of 9 descriptive type papers: 1 Essay paper, 4 General Studies Papers, 2 Optional Papers (of your choice to be selected from the Civil Services Exam Optional Subjects), 2 language papers (marks scored in language papers will not be included to arrive at the final ranking order – however, candidates need to score at least 25% in each paper in order to qualify).
|Civil Services Exam Pattern For Mains|
|Paper A||One of the Indian languages (listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) mentioned below to be selected by the candidate (Qualifying)||300|
|Paper B||English (Qualifying)||300|
|Paper II||General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society)||250|
|Paper III||General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations)||250|
|Paper IV||General Studies III (Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security and disaster management)||250|
|Paper V||General Studies IV(ethics, integrity and aptitude)||250|
|Papers VI, VII||Two papers on subjects to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects below (250 marks for each paper)||250|
|Sub Total (Written Test)||1750|
|Personality Test (Interview)||275|
Read in detail about the Civil Services Exam Syllabus 2019.
Personality test, commonly known as the interview is the final round in the Civil Services Exam selection process. It is the gateway to your dream service. Only those candidates who manage to clear the mains exam cutoff are allowed to attend the interview. Purpose of the interview is to assess the suitability of the candidate to the Civil Services. At this stage, the candidates are tested for their mental alertness, balance of judgement, intellectual and moral integrity etc out of 275 marks. Marks scored by the candidate in the interview will be added to the marks scored by him/her in the mains exam for arriving at the final merit list.
Civil Services Exam Qualification:
Candidates who wish to appear for the Civil Services Exam must fulfil the conditions of nationality, age and educational qualification. The candidate must not be less than 21 years of age and more than 32 years of age. The candidate must also have completed graduation in any discipline from a recognised university. However, there are age relaxations depending upon the category the candidate belongs to.