Banking Full Forms

Banking is a sector that manages financial transactions like cash, credit, etc. Banks provide a secure system to keep additional credits and cash also offers deposit certificates, savings accounts etc. Banks utilize these deposits in lending making such as loans. These loans include house mortgages, car loans and loans related to business.

Banks exist from the time when the business of trade started by human civilization. A bank by its definition is a financial system which is authorized to accept and lend deposits. Commercial banks also offer various other facilities such as net banking, credit cards, investment securities, buying and selling of gold coins and often insurance.

Types Of Banks

Various banks and financial institutions have developed over the last three centuries. Usually, each category focuses on one particular form of business. Therefore we can differentiate the various banks as per their operations. There are mainly seven types of banks, namely

  • Commercial banks
  • Exchange banks
  • Co-operative or agricultural banks
  • Industrial banks
  • Central banks
  • Saving bangs
  • Unity of banks

Some examples of banking related full forms

Abbreviations are most frequently used in the banking sector. Examples include

ATM – Automated Teller Machine

HDFC – Housing Development Finance Corporation

ICICI – Credit and Investment Corporation of India

IFSC – Indian Financial System Code

INR – Indian Rupee

NEFT – National Electronic Funds Transfer

RTGC – Real-Time Gross Settlement

RBL – Ratnakar Bank Limited

Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Bank


  • Accessibility of budget-friendly loans
  • Rural area development 
  • Propellant of the financial sector
  • Community Wealth Security 
  • Economies of huge scale


  • Risk of community deposit
  • The threat of fraud and robbery 
  • Possibility for banks to go unprofitable

Benefits Of Knowing Banking Full Forms

Many of the banking terms, as well as the banking institutions, are stated in the abbreviated form. We need to know the full forms to get a better understanding of banking technologies.

The full form of IDFC is the Infrastructure Development Finance Company. IDFC is an Indian finance agency and it offers financial and advisory...
The full form of HSBC is the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. HSBC is a British multinational banking and financial services company...
The full form of LIC is Life Insurance Corporation of India. LIC is a government-owned insurance and investment company arising from the Life...
The full form of NPA is Non Performing Assets. NPA is a mortgage or advance in respect of which the interest or principal payment has been...
The full form of RBL is Ratnakar Bank Limited. RBL was formed in 1943 and had 324 branches nationwide in various cities. Its head office is in...
The full form of ECS is Electronic Clearing Service. ECS is an electronic mode scheme that transfers funds from one bank account to another,...
The full form of NSDL is National Securities Depository Limited. NSDL is a depository of Indian securities that stores digitally securities such...
The full form of MICR is Magnetic Ink Character Recognition. MICR code (Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Code) is a pattern recognition system...
The full form of IDBI is the Industrial Development Bank of India. IDBI was founded in 1964 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of RBI to provide...
The full form of INR is Indian Rupee. INR is The Republic of India's official currency. It is approved and controlled by RBI (Indian Reserve...

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