JEE Main

JEE Main

JEE Main is a national level engineering entrance exam conducted at the undergraduate level for offering admissions in NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs (government funded technical institutes). From 2019 onwards NTA (National Testing Agency) will conduct JEE Main exam twice (Phase 1 and Phase 2) in the computer-based/online mode. Phase 1 is scheduled from 8th to 12th of January followed by the second phase from 6th to 20th of April 2019. The online registration form for January exam will be available from 1st to 30th of September 2018 and registrations for April exam will begin from February 8 to March 7, 2019. The vastness of the syllabus and the level of competition makes it one of the toughest engineering entrance exams at the undergraduate level. JEE Main is also a qualifying exam for students targeting for JEE Advanced. The top 2,24,000 candidates from JEE Main will be eligible for appearing in the Advanced. NTA has also set up practice centres to familiarise students with the JEE Main exam pattern. Other exam specifications like the paper pattern, syllabus, marking scheme, fee structure remains unchanged.

What is JEE Main? Why should you take it?

  • It is the only platform for engineering aspirants seeking admission in IIITs, NITs, and other centrally funded technical institutes.
  • It is the first step for IIT aspirants to get admission in top IITs and other premier institutes across the country through JEE Advanced.

Changes Introduced in JEE Main Exam 2019

  • National Testing Agency will conduct JEE Main exam from 2019 onwards. Till 2018, CBSE was conducting the exam in the offline and online modes.
  • As per the new pattern, the exam will be conducted twice a year (January and April) in computer-based offline mode.
  • Both January and April exams will be conducted in multiple sessions (8 slots) accommodating across 2 lakh candidates per session.
  • The students can appear for either one or both the exams. The better scores will be taken into consideration while estimating the All India Ranks.
  • Several Practice centres are set up across the country to help students to get acquainted with the exam pattern. The students can visit and practice mock tests at these centres.
  • The syllabus, exam pattern, language and fees of the exam remains unchanged.

Overview of JEE Main

Specification Details
Name of Exam JEE Main
Examination Category National Level Undergraduate Exam
Exam Conducting Authority NTA (National Testing Agency)
Purpose Admissions to 31 NITs, 23 IIITs and 20 GFTIs
Mode of Examination Computer based offline test
Total Attempts Twice a year (January and April)
Exam Duration 3 Hours
Total Marks 360 Marks
Total slots 8 slots for each January and April Exam
Total Applicants 1.2 Million Approx.
Test Centres To be notified (India and Abroad)
JEE Main Official Website

JEE Main Important Dates

We have provided the tentative JEE Main exam dates 2019. The official dates will be updated subsequently. As per the exam calendar, the first phase of JEE Main exam will be conducted from 8th January to 12th January 2019 and the second phase will be conducted from 6th April to 20th April 2019.

Exam Dates of JEE Main

Events Important Dates
JEE Main Phase 1 (January)
Availability of Online Application Form 1 to 30  September 2018
End date for fee payment October 1, 2018
Correction in online Application Form October 8 to 14, 2018
Details of allotment of shift and date of the exam October 5, 2018
Availability of Admit Card December 17, 2018
JEE Main Exam Date Phase 1 8th  to 12th  January 2019
Release of OMR Sheets and Answer Keys January 15, 2019 (Paper-I)

January 31, 2019, (Paper II)

Results Declaration January 19, 2019 (Paper-I)

January 31, 2019 (Paper-II)

JEE Main Phase 2 (April)
Availability of Online Application Form February 8 to March 7, 2019
Correction in online Application Form March 2019
Availability of Admit Card March 18, 2019
JEE Main Exam Date Phase 2 6th to 20th  April 2019
Release of OMR Sheets and Answer Keys Last week of April 2019
Results Declaration April 30, 2019
JoSAA Counselling June 2018

JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria describe all the terms and conditions that the engineering aspirants have to satisfy for being eligible for JEE Main. Therefore, the students are advised to read JEE Main eligibility criteria thoroughly before applying for the examination to avoid rejections in later stages.

Eligibility Criteria of JEE Main

Age Criteria

  • For General category candidates – born on or after 1st of October 1994
  • For SC, ST, and PwD category candidates – born on or after 1st of October 1989

Qualifying Exam

  • The applicants must qualify (2019 appearing) or have qualified their class 12th or any other equivalent exam in 2017 or 2018.

Qualifying Marks

  • There is no specific pass percentage described particularly for JEE Main exam. However, the applicants must pass their class 12 board or any other equivalent exam.

For admissions in IIITs, NITs, and GFTIs

  • 75% Marks for General Category candidates
  • 65% for SC and ST candidates

Subjects in the Qualifying Examination

  • Maths
  • Chemistry, Biotechnology, or Biology
  • Physics
  • Language Subject
  • Optional Subject

JEE Main Application Form

The registration for JEE Main exam will commence from 1st of September 2018. The applicant can register for JEE Main in the online mode till 30th of September 2018. The candidates are suggested to check all the academic and personal details thoroughly before submitting the application form. The application form for April exam will be released in February first week 2019.

How to Fill JEE Main Application Form?

The students can follow the given steps for successfully submitting the application form for JEE Main.

Step 1: Authentication through Aadhaar or Identity Card.

Step 2: Submitting personal, academic, and exam related details.

Step 3: Verification of Phone Number and Email ID.

Step 4: Uploading the Scanned Documents.

Specifications of Scanned Documents

Image Documents File Size Format Dimensions
Signature of applicant 1 KB – 30 KB JPEG or JPG 3.5 cm x 1.5 cm
Photograph of applicant with name and date of photograph 4 KB – 40 KB JPEG or JPG 3.5 cm x 4.5 cm
Signature of Guardian, Father, or Mother 1 KB – 30 KB JPEG or JPG 3.5 cm x 1.5 cm

Step 5: Payment of Exam Fees – online or offline payment.

  • Offline Payment: Download the e-challan and transfer the fee amount at any branch of ICICI Bank, Syndicate Bank, or Canara Bank.
  • Online Payment: Using Credit Card, Debit Card, Net Banking, SBI Buddy Wallet, and Cash Cards.

Step 6: Print out of Acknowledgement Page.

JEE Main Application Fee

JEE Main Application Fees For Centres in India General/OBC ST/SC/PWD

Either Paper I or Paper II

Boys Rs. 1000 Rs. 500
Girls Rs. 500 Rs. 500
Both Paper I or Paper II Boys Rs. 1800 Rs. 900
Girls Rs. 900 Rs. 900
JEE Main Application Fees For Centres in Foreign Country General/OBC ST/SC/PWD

Either Paper I or Paper II

Boys Rs. 2500 Rs. 1250
Girls Rs. 1250 Rs. 1250
Both Paper I or Paper II Boys Rs. 3800 Rs. 1900
Girls Rs. 1900 Rs. 1900

JEE Main Exam Pattern

The examination pattern of JEE Main explains the distribution of questions, marking scheme, sectional weightage and exam duration. The students are offered admission to B.E. or B.Tech courses in NITs, IIITs, DTU, and government-funded technical institutes based on the marks scored in JEE Main Paper 1 whereas Paper 2 is for admission in B.Arch or B.Plan courses offered by these institutes. Knowing the examination pattern gives a valuable opinion about the exam structure. Therefore, the students are advised to have a thorough understanding of exam pattern of JEE Main and accordingly prepare a suitable preparation strategy.

JEE Main Paper 1 (B.E or B.Tech Courses)

  • Exam Mode: Computer-based offline exam. The students will have to mark their responses on already downloaded answer sheets.
  • Exam Duration: 3 hours
  • The Questions will be from topics covered in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths.
  • Nature of Questions – Single correct Objective type multiple choice questions.
  • The paper will have a total of 90 questions (360 marks) with 30 from each Physics, Chemistry, and Maths.

JEE Main Paper 1 Marking Scheme

  • For every correct answer, 4 marks will be awarded while 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • There is no negative marking for questions left unattempted.
  • Only one response has to be filled in, more than one response will be judged as a wrong answer and will result in negative marking.

JEE Main Paper 2 (B.Arch or B.Plan Courses)

  • Exam Mode: Offline Exam
  • Exam Duration: 3 hours
  • The Questions will be from topics covered in Maths, General Aptitude, and Drawing Skills.
  • Mathematics and Aptitude will have single correct objective type multiple choice questions. Drawing test will evaluate the sketching and drawing skills.
  • The Aptitude Test comprises of 50 questions (200 marks). Maths section comprises of 30 questions (120 marks) and the Drawing test comprises of 2 questions (70 marks).

JEE Main Paper 2 Marking Scheme

  • For every correct answer in Maths and Aptitude section, 4 marks will be awarded while 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • There is no negative marking for Drawing questions.

JEE Main Syllabus

The syllabus of JEE Main is mapped according to the NCERT. It comprises of topics covered in class 11th and 12th Maths, Physics and Chemistry. The questions asked in the Mains exam are easy but require a lot of practice and preparations. The major challenge generally faced by students during the examination is ‘time constraint’. Answering a question in less than a 100 seconds is the skill that students need to acquire and develop to ensure the successful completion of the examination. Therefore, before starting your JEE Main preparations the students are advised to understand each and every topic covered in the syllabus of JEE Main 2019 and accordingly formulate a proper study plan. Given below is the subject wise break down of JEE Main Important Chapters. The students need to pay proper attention to these chapters to ace the examination.

JEE Main 2019 Syllabus (For descriptive syllabus follow link)

Physical chemistry
Basic concepts in Chemistry
Chemical bonding
Redox reactions
Surface chemistry
States of matter
Atomic structure
Chemical kinetics
Organic Chemistry
Some basic concepts and techniques in organic chemistry
Haloalkanes and haloarenes
Alcohols, phenols and ethers
Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids
Chemistry in everyday life
Inorganic Chemistry
Classification of elements and periodicity
s block elements
p block elements
d and f block elements
Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry
Sets, relations and functions
Complex number and quadratic equations
Matrices and determinants
Mathematical reasoning
Mathematical induction
Permutations and combinations
Sequences and series
Limit, continuity and differentiability
Integral calculus
Differential equations
Binomial theorem and its simple applications
Three-dimensional geometry
Vector algebra
Co-ordinate geometry
Statistics and probability
Physics and measurement
Laws of motion
Oscillations and waves
Current electricity
Communication systems
Magnetic effects of current and Magnetism
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
Dual nature of matter
Atoms and nuclei
Work, energy and power
Properties of solids and liquids
Electronic devices
Architecture Aptitude Test
Freehand drawing
Geometrical drawing
Three-dimensional perception
Imagination and aesthetic sensitivity
Architectural awareness

Important Chapters for JEE Main

Maths Physics Chemistry
Vectors Ray Optics Gaseous and Liquid State
3D Geometry Thermodynamics Atomic Structure
Sequence and Series Semiconductors Chemical Kinetics
Determinant and Matrices EM Waves Electrochemistry
Circles Gravitation Chemical Bonding
Straight Lines Magnetism Surface Chemistry
Definite Integral Alternating Current Coordination Compound
Probability Distribution Wave Optics D Block Elements
Functions Electromagnetic Induction Aromatic Compounds
Limits and Continuity Oscillations Alkyl Halides
Conic Sections Kinematics P Block Elements
Application of Derivatives Rotation Thermodynamics
Quadratic Equation Current Electricity Isomerism
Complex Numbers Electrostatics General Organic Chemistry
Binomial Theorem Magnetic Effects of Current Carboxylic Acids
Area under the Curve Properties of Matter Aldehydes and Ketones
Differentiability Bohr’s Atomic Model Nuclear Chemistry
Waves and Sound

JEE Main Mock Test

NTA will release the JEE Main mock test in September 2018. Since from 2019 onwards JEE Main exam will be conducted only in the computer-based offline test, therefore, the conducting authority has set up several practice centres to help the engineering aspirants to get acquainted with the exam pattern. The students can access these mock test online or by visiting these practice centres set up by the National Testing Agency. Since the pattern of these mock test will be similar to the JEE Main exam, therefore, it will have a considerable impact on the preparation of the upcoming examination.

Importance of JEE Main Mock Test

  • Practising mock tests will help you to get familiar with the type of questions, their marks distribution, difficulty level and the topics relevant to the examination point of view.
  • It helps to evaluate the performance before the final examination. From an in-depth analysis of the section-wise performance report, a suitable JEE Main preparation strategy can be planned.
  • Regular practice of mock tests increases your speed and accuracy of completing the exam. It familiarises you with the real exam scenario and drives away your nervousness for the test.

Along with the mock tests, the students are also advised to practice previous year’s JEE Main question papers to boost their success rate in such a highly competitive entrance exam.

JEE Main Answer keys

Soon after the examination, National Testing Agency, the exam conducting authority publishes the set wise answer keys representing the correct options of all the questions asked in the JEE Main exam. With the help of these answer keys, the students can calculate their expected scores before the results are announced. After successful completion of the exam, the official link for answer keys will be made available on the website using which the applicants can download and access the documents.

How to download JEE Main Answer Keys?

To download the answer keys, open the official link published by the conducting authority. Submit your application number and password followed by the selection of your date and slot of JEE Main examination. The answer keys will be displayed. The students can also download it for future references.

Challenging JEE Main Answer Keys: Initially, provisional answer keys are declared and the applicants are asked to claim their objections within a limited time frame. After considering all the objections, the final answer keys of JEE Main are announced.

JEE Main Marks vs Ranks

We have prepared a predicted range of JEE Main Marks vs Ranks from the previous year’s trend analysis. Engineering aspirants can check marks vs expected ranks from the table provided below.

JEE Main Score Range Expected Ranks
336 Marks to 360 Marks Rank 1 to 20
310 Marks to 335 Marks Rank 21 to 225
251 Marks to 300 Marks Rank 226 to 1,492
201 Marks to 250 Marks Rank 1,493 to 5,752
151 Marks to 200 Marks Rank 5753 to 18,377

JEE Main Admit Card

The admit card contains all the essential information like exam centre, timings, candidate’s roll number, preferences, personal details, etc. The candidates registered for JEE Main exam can download the admit card for January and April exam tentatively in December and March respectively. The admit card is mandatory for appearing in JEE Main exam. All the students are required to present the admit card while reporting at the allocated centre and failure of which might lead to the disqualification of the registered candidate.

How to download JEE Main Admit Card?

The candidates can download JEE Main admit card by submitting the following details.

  • Application Number
  • JEE Main Login Password
  • Security Pin

The candidates are advised to check the admit card thoroughly and in case of any discrepancy immediately submit your query to the JEE Main Secretariat.

JEE Main Exam Results

NTA will declare the results of JEE Main exam tentatively in February and May 2019. The results of JEE Main exam conducted in January will be declared tentatively in February 1st week 2019 and the results of exam conducted in April will be declared tentatively in May 1st week 2019. For students appeared in both the phases of JEE Main, the better of the two will be taken into consideration while preparing the final results.

How to check JEE Main Results?

  • Open JEE Main result portal
  • Enter your roll number and date of birth
  • Click the Submit button

The results will be displayed on the screen. The students are advised to download the scorecard for future references during the counselling and admission process.

Details Mentioned in JEE Main Scorecard

  • Name of the Candidate
  • Nationality and Category of Candidate
  • Marks obtained in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry
  • Total marks obtained
  • All India Rank and Category Rank
  • JEE Advanced Qualifying Status

JEE Main Cutoff Marks

Soon after the exam, the cutoff marks for JEE Main will be declared by NTA along with detailed results comprising of subject wise marks secured, All India rank, category rank along with the qualifying status for JEE Advanced. Based on the on the cutoff marks the students are shortlisted for counselling. The cutoff marks for JEE Main are determined by the following factors.

  • Total candidates appeared
  • The difficulty level of questions
  • The overall performance of the students
  • The cutoff trends of previous years

Previous Year’s JEE Main Cutoff Trends

Category 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
General 74 Marks 81 Marks 100 Marks 105 Marks 115 Marks
OBC NCL 45 Marks 49 Marks 70 Marks 70 Marks 74 Marks
Scheduled Caste 29 Marks 32 Marks 52 Marks 50 Marks 53 Marks
Scheduled Tribe 24 Marks 27 Marks 48 Marks 44 Marks 47 Marks

JEE Main Counselling Procedure

Joint Seat Allocation Authority is set by the HRD Ministry to regulate the admission process for IITs, IIITs, NITs, and government-funded technical institutes. The students qualifying JEE Main exam will be able to apply for NITs, IIITs and CFTIs through JoSAA counselling. The seat allocation in the preferred technical institute is done based on the merit, eligibility, preferences and seat availability. The students qualifying for JEE Main exam are required to register for JoSAA counselling whose registrations will commence tentatively in the 2nd week of June 2019.

JEE Main JoSAA Participating Institutes

A total of 97 engineering institutes comprising of 23 IITs, 31NITs, 23 IIITs and 20 GFTIs participate in the seat allocation procedure through JoSAA.

S.No Name of Institutes Total Colleges Total Seats
1. Indian Institute of Technology 23 Colleges 10,988 Seats
2. National Institute of Technology 31 Colleges 17,868 Seats
3. Indian Institute of Information Technology 23 Colleges 3,433 Seats
4. Government Funded Technical Institutes 20 Colleges 3,919 Seats

Admission in top NIT college is the prime option for a majority of JEE Main aspirants. However, to grab a seat in NIT colleges demands a meritorious rank in JEE Main exam. The top NIT colleges include NIT Warangal, NIT Trichy, NIT Surathkal, NIT Rourkela, and MNNIT Allahabad.

Top 10 NIT Colleges

S.No. Institute Location Total Seats
1. NIT Trichy Tamil Nadu 814 Seats
2. NIT Rourkela Odisha 850 Seats
3. NIT Surathkal Karnataka 740 Seats
4. NIT Warangal Telangana 800 Seats
5. Motilal Nehru NIT Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 814 Seats
6. Visvesvaraya NIT Nagpur, Maharashtra 746 Seats
7. NIT Calicut Kerala 937 Seats
8. Sardar Vallabhbhai NIT Surat, Gujarat 873 Seats
9. NIT Silchar Assam 632 Seats
10. NIT Durgapur West Bengal 672 Seats

Other technical institutes like DTU (Delhi Technical University), NSIT Delhi, IIIT Delhi are excluded from JoSAA counselling. However, these institutes offer admissions based on JEE Main scorecard and the students are required to apply separately for admissions. Apart from IIITs, NITs and GFTIs several private engineering institutes like BIT Mesra, HBTI Kanpur, Thapar University, Assam University, Tezpur University, JAYPEE Institute, and LNMIIT Jaipur offer admission based on the marks scored in JEE Main.

JEE Main Reservation Criteria

S.No. Reservation Categories Percentage
1. OBC NCL (Family annual income less than Rs 8 lakh) 27%
2. Scheduled Tribe – ST 7.5%
3. Scheduled Caste – SC 15%
4. Person with Disabilities – PwD with disability 40% or more 5%

How To Prepare For JEE Mains?

The main question from the students who have enrolled for the Mains exam is, How to prepare for JEE Mains? Coaching classes are considered to be one of the main solutions to secure a good ranking. However, an aspirant can achieve well without classes too; provided a fair amount of effort is a must. The most important factor to be considered is the exam pattern. The method of the exam is online and the best part is, it is conducted twice a year. To crack this examination, it demands a decent amount of hard work and perseverance. Given below is the ready reckoner of how to prepare for JEE Mains for all the aspiring candidates.

JEE Main Preparation Tips

  • Begin from the scratch – Fundamentals play a vital role prior to preparations. Always concentrate on structuring the basics for all the subjects. When the basics are strong, learning becomes easier.
  • Prepare a timetable – JEE Mains preparation curriculum is extensive. Hence, it should be scheduled to gain the best results. Split the syllabus into different parts according to your benefit. It can be limited to a chapter or a unit.
  • Be a Master in the syllabus and pattern – When the students have a question of how to prepare for JEE Mains? the most significant factor is to keep oneself updated with the complete syllabus. Be very much aware of the question paper pattern of JEE Mains.
  • Befriend books – For JEE Main preparations, NCERT textbooks are a must, no matter which subject it is. However, one can refer to other books for revising and practising.

For more FAQ’s related to JEE follow the link

Best books for JEE Mains Preparation

Subjects Important Books
Mathematics NCERT – Maths XI and XII
S. L. Loney – Trigonometry
S. L. Loney – Coordinate Geometry
Hall and Knight – Higher Algebra
I.A. Maron – Problems in Calculus of One Variable


NCERT Books – Class 11 and Class 12
Numerical Chemistry by P. Bahadur
J.D. Lee (Organic Chemistry)
Morrison and Boyd (Inorganic Chemistry)
Physics H.C. Verma – Concepts of Physics Vol I and II
I.E. Irodov – Problems in General Physics
Halliday, Resnick, and Walker – Fundamentals of Physics
  • Read, Revise and Rehearse – Revise each and every topic that is learned Do not keep it pending. Be a smart learner. Do not spend much of time only on revising. Hence, revision helps the candidates to recall everything that is studied.
  • Take up the Mock tests – Another important key to succeed in JEE Main is to take mock tests. Attend the tests that are released by the official websites. This indeed provides you with an actual feel of writing the online exams.

On a final note, Do not compromise on the hard work and perseverance. Follow the above-mentioned JEE Main preparation tips to secure a meritorious position in the exam.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S for more information on IIT JEE eligibility criteria, application form, previous years question papers, important questions, exam pattern, sample papers and more.

Practise This Question

In humans, females have ___ sex chromosomes and males have ___ sex chromosomes.