NEET Physics Syllabus for 2021

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) will be carried out by the NTA. Knowledge of the syllabus will immensely help students to prepare for exams. The syllabus for NEET is provided after in-depth reviewing sessions by different states in addition to NCERT and COBSE (Council of Boards of School Education in India) as per the MCI (Medical Council of India). These measures are in view of maintaining uniformity while imparting medical education across India. NEET Physics Syllabus covers topics of both classes 11 and 12.

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Given Below is the list of all the topics included in class 11th NEET Physics syllabus chapterwise.

Class 11 Physics Syllabus for NEET
Physical world and measurement
Kinematics
Laws of motion
Work, Energy and Power
Motion of systems of particles and rigid body
Gravitation
Properties of bulk matter
Thermodynamics
Behaviour of Perfect gas and Kinetic theory
Oscillations and Waves
Unit 1 – Physical world and measurement Physics: scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society

 

Need for measurement – units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures

 

Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications

Unit 2 – Kinematics Frame of reference, motion in a straight line; position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)

 

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity

 

Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components

 

Scalar and vector products of vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion. Uniform circular motion.

Unit 3 – Laws of Motion Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications

 

Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication

 

Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road)

Unit 4 – Work, Energy and Power Word done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit 5 – Motion of systems of particles and rigid body Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid; Centre of mass of uniform rod

 

Momentum of a force – torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples

 

Equillibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparision of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

Unit 6 – Gravitation Kepler’s law of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth

 

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites

Unit 7 – Properties of Bulk matter Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy

 

Viscosity, Stoke’s law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

 

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise

 

Heat, temperature,thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat of capacity:Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat

 

Heat transfer – conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black body radiation. Wein’s displacement law, and green house effect.

 

Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law

Unit 8 – Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

 

Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators

Unit 9 – Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas

 

Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (Statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path

Unit 10 – Oscillations and waves Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM – Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; free and forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance

 

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect.

Given Below is the list of all the topics included in class 12th NEET 2021 Physics syllabus chapterwise.

NEET Physics Syllabus for Class 12
Electro statistics
Current Electricity
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic waves
Optics
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Atoms and Nuclei
Electronic devices
Unit 1 – Electrostatics Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution

 

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field

 

Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)

 

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field

 

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator

Unit 2 – Current electricity Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity

 

Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

 

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel

 

Kirchoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge

 

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell

Unit 3 – Magnetic effects of current and magnetism Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop

 

Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron

 

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter

 

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic Field Intensity due to a magnetic dipole(bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent soilenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic  field and magnetic elements.

Para -, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.

 

Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets

Unit 4 – Electromagnetic induction and alternating current Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s law, eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance

 

Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current

 

AC generator and transformer

Unit 5 – Electromagnetic waves Need for displacement current

 

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves

 

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, micro waves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit 6 – Optics Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism

 

Scattering of light – blue color of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset

 

Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hyper myopia) using lenses

 

Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

 

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts

 

Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle

 

Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

 

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

 

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids

Unit 7 – Dual nature of matter and radiation Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle nature of light

Matter waves – wave nature of particles, deBrogile relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained)

Unit 8 – Atoms and nuclei Alpha – particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model fo atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones

 

Radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion

Unit 9 – Electronic devices Energy bands in soilds (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (Common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR)

See also: NEET Questions

NEET Physics Syllabus Analysis:

Aspirants getting ready for NEET must start preparing with the most important topics in the syllabus. It is suggested to examine the weightage of all chapters in the NEET Physics Syllabus.

The table indicates the chapters and the corresponding marks they carry. The last column depicts the average number of questions, cumulatively, on the basis of previous years’ trends from the year 2006 onwards up till NEET 2019. Take a look at the table below:

Name of Unit Chapter’s name Average no. of questions
Physical World and Measurement Physical World and Units and Measurement 1
Kinematics
Motion in Straight Line 2
Motion in a Plane 1-2
Laws of Motion Laws of Motion 2-3
Work, Energy and Power Work, Energy and Power 2
System of Particles and Rotational Motion System of Particles and Rotational Motion 2-3
Gravitation Gravitation 2
Properties of Bulk Matter
Mechanical Properties of Solids 1
Mechanical Properties of Fluids 1
Thermal Properties of Matter 1-2
Oscillations and Waves
Oscillations 1-2
Waves 1-2
Thermodynamics Thermodynamics 1-2
Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory 1
Electrostatics
Electric Charges and Fields 1-2
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 1-2
Current Electricity Current Electricity 4
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Moving Charges and Magnetism 2
Magnetism and Matter 1
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic Induction 1
Alternating Currents 1
Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic Waves 1
Optics
Ray Optics and Optical Instruments 2
Wave Optics 1
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2-3
Atoms and Nuclei
Atoms 1-2
Nuclei 2
Electronic Devices Semiconductor Electronics 3
Communication Systems Communication Systems 0

The following table indicates the NEET 2020 Weightage of important chapters. Take a look:

NEET 2020 Weightage – Number Of Questions Asked 

Class Chapter name Number Of Questions
Class 11
Mechanics 12
Heat & Thermodynamics 5
Waves 1
Class 12
Magnetism 6
Modern Physics 8
Electricity 9
Optics 4

NEET Physics Syllabus

If one analyzes the NEET previous years Question papers, one can deduce the most important topics in the NEET Physics syllabus which are Mechanics, Kinematics, Heat, Electrostatics, Electronic Devices, Thermodynamics, The Magnetic effect of Current, Laws of Motion, and Oscillations & Waves.

More here: NEET Quiz Videos

Tips to prepare NEET Physics Syllabus 2021:

1. Syllabus and Exam Pattern Comprehension:

Analysing topics in NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus must be the first step while starting to prepare. Comprehend the exam pattern and hence the marking scheme.

2. Refer to Best Books:

NCERT physics books are one of the best books to prepare for exams. Several times questions are picked directly from the concepts taught in the NCERT textbooks. For strengthening your numerical portion, you may refer to other books as well.

A. H.C. Verma Concepts of Physics  (Volume 1 and 2)

B. Concepts of Competition Physics by Aggarwals (for CBSE PMT)

3. Practice Previous Year’s Question Papers:

One of the best ways to prepare NEET Physics Syllabus is to practice previous years’ NEET question papers. Solving these papers will help you to understand the type of questions asked in the examination. Also, it will enhance your speed, accuracy, time management skills, and familiarizes you with the topics important from the examination point of view.

4. Make Proper Notes:

The students are advised to prepare study notes of all the necessary formulas, theorems, and concepts. These revision notes will help students to strengthen their knowledge and boost their last-minute preparations.

5. Appear for Online Mock Test Series:

Online Mock Test Series will help to improve your exam-taking skills. Taking Online Mock Tests will assist you to evaluate your preparation level. Moreover, it will also help you to identify your weak concepts.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more about NEET preparation tips, NEET Physics syllabus weightage, NEET Physics syllabus pdf, study material, MCQs, and more.

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Frequently Asked Questions on NEET Physics Syllabus

Are NEET Physics syllabus 2019, NEET Physics syllabus 2020 and NEET Physics syllabus 2021 all the same?

So far, the syllabus for NEET Physics has been the same. Since there has been a delay in the announcement of dates for NEET for different events and even the question of NEET 2021 getting postponed, it is likely that there might be a slight change in the syllabus. However, official notification on the same has not been out yet. So, the syllabus as of now remains the same.

Is NEET Physics syllabus tough?

NEET tests medical aspirants in Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects for knowledge of NCERT syllabus for NEET majorly. Given the tough competition and the ever-increasing interest amongst students opting for medicine as a career, the question paper over the years has been deemed to be challenging. Having said that, all sections of NEET are equally challenging in their own ways, Physics section requires more attention and practice from students’ end as it requires them to apply learnt concepts and solve questions. So, answering the question, NEET Physics could be challenging if one does not have a strong grip on basic concepts.

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