C-Cl, C-Br, C-F, C-I
a. C-Cl > C-Br > C-I > C-F
In C − F there is 2p-2p overlapping involved, in C − Cl the overlapping involved is 2p-3p whereas for C − Br and C − I the overlapping involved are 2p-4p and 2p-5p, respectively. The bond length for the various type of overlapping can be given as:
2p-2p < 2p-3p < 2p-4p < 2p-5p.
As we know that Bond energy α (1/Bond length)
The order of bond energy comes out: C-F > C-Cl > C-Br > C-I
The formula for Bohr’s radius for any one electron species is: r = a0n2/ z
: r = a022/3
a. Na and Na3N
b. Mg andMg3N2
c. Mg, Mg(NO3)2
d. Na, NaNO3
As it is provided in the question that nitride is being formed so the option c and d can be eliminated. Amongst Mg and Na we already know that Mg can only form nitride so the correct choice is option a.
a. (C) < (D) < (B) < (A)
b. (A) ≈ (C) ≈ (D) < (B)
c. (A) ≈ (C)<(B) ≈ (D)
d. (C) ≈ (D) < (B) < (A)
[Pd(PPh3)2Cl2] : Here Pd is in +2 oxidation state and configuration of Pd 2+ is [Kr]4d8 . As the CFSE value for Pd is very high so all the electrons will be paired and hence magnetic moment for this complex will be zero. [Ni(CO)4] : Here Ni is in 0 oxidation state and configuration of Ni is [Ar]3d84s2 . As here the ligand is carbonyl which is a strong field ligand, all the electrons will be paired and hence magnetic moment for this complex will be zero. [Ni(CN)4]2- : Here Ni is in +2 oxidation state and configuration of Ni2+ is [Ar]3d8 . As here the ligand is cyanide which is a strong field ligand, all the electrons will be paired and hence magnetic moment for this complex will be zero. [Ni(H2O)6]2+ : Here Ni is in +2 oxidation state and configuration of Ni2+ is [Ar]3d8 . As here the ligand is water which is a weak field ligand, the electrons will not be paired and there are two unpaired electrons in this complex hence magnetic moment for this complex will be √8 BM.
So the order of magnetic moment is A=B=C<D.
Number of neutrons in protium = 0
Number of neutrons in deuterium = 1
Number of neutrons in tritium = 2
So, total number of neutrons = 3
a. Ea > Ec > Ed > Eb
b. Ec > Ea > Ed > Eb
c. Eb > Ed > Ec > Ea
d. E > Ea > Ed > Ec
To avoid confusion, in this question we’ll be denoting activation energy by Ex
K = Ae−Ex/RT
log K = log A – (Ex/2.303RT) —–(1)
Here, the graph given in the question is of a straight line and we know that the equation of straight
y= mx + c —-(2)
Comparing equation 1 with 2 we get,
Slope = −Ex/2.303R
So, from the graph we can conclude that the line with the most negative slope will have the
maximum activation energy value.
Ec > Ea > Ed > Eb
7. Which of the following compounds is likely to show both Frenkel and Schottky defects in its
The radius ratio for AgBr is intermediate. Thus, it shows both Frenkel and Schottky defects.
Here the product B which is mentioned in the question is H3PO2. The structure of H3PO2 can be given as:
As only 1 Hydrogen atom is attached to the oxygen, its basicity is one.
A. CaO + SiO2→ CaSiO3
B. 3Fe2O3 + CO → 2Fe3O4 + CO2
C. FeO +SiO2 →FeSiO3
D. FeO → Fe + (1/2)O2
c. C and D
d. A and D
In metallurgy of iron, CaO is used as flux which is used to remove the impurities of SiO2,
CaO + SiO2→ CaSiO3 .
Also here Fe2O3 is reduced by CO to Fe3O4 which is further reduced to FeO which is further reduced
3Fe2O3 + CO → 2Fe3O4 + CO2
Fe3O4 + CO → 3FeO + CO2
FeO + CO → Fe + CO2
10. The increasing order of the atomic radii of the following elements is:
d. D<C<B<A<E l
Across the period size decreases, so the order that follows is: C > O >N> F
Down the group size increases and the order is: Br > Cl > F
Change in size down the group is much more significant as compared to across the period.
So, the overall order of radius of elements is: Br > Cl > C > O > F.
D. [Pt(NH3)4ClBr] 2+
a. A and B
b. D and A
c. C and D
d. B and C
The complexes of type Ma4bc and Ma2b2 can show geometrical isomerism provided Ma2b2 is square planar. The compound given in B is Ma4bc type and compound in D is Ma2b2 type also in D, Ni is surrounded with strong field ligands which will result in dsp 2 hybridisation and hence square planar geometry.
Assertion: The pH of water increases with increase in temperature.
Reason: The dissociation of water into H+ and OH– an exothermic reaction.
a. Both assertion and reason are false.
b. Assertion is not true, but reason is true.
c. Both assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation for the assertion.
d. Both assertion and reason are true, but the reason is not the correct explanation for the assertion.
H2O → H+ + OH– is an endothermic process.
On increasing the temperature the value of Kw
increases which will result in decrease in pKw . So we can say that pH of water will decrease on
increasing temperature because pH for water =1/2pKw.
Assertion: For hydrogenation reactions, the catalytic activity increases from group-5 to group11 metals with maximum activity shown by group 7-9 elements
Reason: The reactants are most strongly adsorbed on group 7-9 elements
a. Both assertion and reason are false.
b. The assertion is true, but the reason is false.
c. Both assertion and reason are true, but the reason is not the correct explanation of assertion
d. Both assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation of assertion
Group 7-9 elements of the periodic table show variable valencies so they have maximum activity because of the increase in adsorption rate.
In option b compound A has extensive inter-molecular hydrogen bonding because of the 3 −OH groups while in compound B there are −OCH3 groups present and no inter-molecular hydrogen bonding is possible.
a. 𝐶𝐻3𝐶𝐻2 − 𝐶 ≡ 𝑁
Kjeldahl method cannot be used for the estimation of nitrogen in the compounds in which nitrogen is involved in nitro, diazo groups or is present in the ring, as nitrogen atom can’t be converted to ammonium sulphate under the reaction conditions.
𝑋 will be:
Answer : b
a. Electrophilic substitution and dehydration.
b. Electrophilic addition and dehydration.
c. Condensation and elimination
d. Nucleophilic addition and dehydration
Bakelite is a condensation polymer of phenol and formaldehyde.
a. alpha-D-Glucose and alpha-D-Galactose
b. alpha-D-Glucose and alpha-D-Glucose
c. alpha-D-Glucose and alpha-D-Fructose
d. alpha-D-Glucose and alpha-D-Glucose
Maltose is formed by the glycosidic linkage between C-1 of one alpha -D-Glucose unit to the C-4 of another alpha -D-Glucose.
∆U = nCv∆T
5000 = 4 × Cv (500 – 300)
Cv = 6.25 JK–1 mol–1
Anodic half: Sn → Sn 2+ + 2e−
Cathodic half: Pb 2+ + 2e− → Pb
Net reaction: Sn + Pb 2+ → Pb + Sn 2+
E0cell = E0cathode − E0anode
E0cell = 0.01 V
Ecell = E0cell− (0.06/2) logQ
At equilibrium state Ecell = 0
0 = 0.01 – (0.06/2)log [Sn 2+]/[Pb 2+]
0.01 = (0.06/2)log [Sn 2+]/[Pb 2+]
log [Sn 2+]/[Pb 2+] =1/3[Sn 2+]/[Pb 2+] = 2.154
NaClO3(s) + Fe(s) → O2(g) + FeO(s) + NaCl(s)
R = 0.082 L atm mol–1 K–1
Mol of NaClO3 = mol of O2
Mol of O2 =PV/RT =(1×492)/(0.082×300)= 20 mol
Molar mass of NaClO3 is 106.5
So, mass = 20 x106.5 = 2130 g = 2.13 kg
For trigonal bipyramidal geometry
Total number of 1800 L-M-L bond angles = 1
Total number of 900 L-M-L bond angles = 6
Total number of 1200 L-M-L bond angles = 3
Total = 10
For square pyramidal geometry
Total number of 1800 L-M-L bond angles = 2
Total number of 900 L-M-L bond angles = 8
Total number of 1200 L-M-L bond angles = 0
Total = 10
Total for both the structures = 20
25: In the following sequence of reactions, the maximum number of atoms present in molecule ‘C’ in
one plane is _____.
(Where A is a lowest molecular weight alkyne).