JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2019

JEE Main Physics Syllabus

Candidates who are preparing for JEE 2019 need to go through the Physics syllabus to know about the topics and subtopics included in the exam and accordingly they can plan their preparation for JEE 2019 Physics. The JEE exam has been fragmented into two phases which are JEE Main and JEE Advance. NTA (National Testing Agency) has decided to conduct JEE Main two times in a year. The first JEE Main is already over which was held in January in two shifts for Paper I and Paper II. The mode of exam was online for Paper I and Paper II, except the drawing test to check sketching skills of the candidate is in offline (pen-paper based) mode. The students who qualify JEE Main with good score can take admission in various engineering institutes like NITs, IIITs and CFTIs which comes after IITs in ranking.

The candidates who qualify JEE Main 2019 with high score are eligible to appear for JEE Advance 2019. The candidates who get high score in JEE Advance can get admission into one of the 23 IITs for various engineering courses. Physics is one of the important subject for JEE, the questions in JEE from physics are based both on theoretical concepts and application as well so it is important to understand the concept first, and practice questions based on each topic from both categories belonging to theoretical and numerical. For preparation of JEE Physics, the candidates can go through the detailed syllabus given below so that candidates do not miss out the important topics.

JEE Physics Syllabus




Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.


Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.

Thermal physics

Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.

Electricity and magnetism

Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.


Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment.

Modern physics

Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Halflife and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

Sometime questions from experimental skills can also be asked in the JEE, so here on Byjus we have provided the syllabus for the same.

JEE Mains Physics Syllabus Section B (20% weightage)

Experimental Skills

  • Vernier calipers: its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
  • Screw gauge: its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
  • Simple Pendulum: dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
  • Metre Scale: the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
  • Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
  • The surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
  • The coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
  • Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
  • The speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
  • The specific heat capacity of a given: Solid, and liquid by method of mixtures.
  • The resistivity of the material of a given wire using meter bridge.
  • The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
  • Potentiometer: Comparison of emf of two primary cells and Determination of the internal resistance of a cell.
  • Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
  • The focal length of Convex mirror, Concave mirror, and Convex lens using parallax method.
  • The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
  • Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
  • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
  • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.
  • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
  • Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
  • Using the multimeter to: Identify base of a transistor, Distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistor, See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

For the information related to books for JEE Physics and tips to prepare physics go through the JEE Physics page of Byjus.

Practise This Question

Water rises upto 10 cm height in a long capillary tube. If this tube is immersed in water so that the height above the water surface is only 8 cm, then