JEE Advanced Chemistry Syllabus is provided here. One of the best ways to prepare for the JEE Advanced exam is to first go through the syllabus of Chemistry and strengthen your knowledge about the important concepts which are also based on the previous year’s question paper analysis. Chemistry is one subject that can be a rank decider for many students because it is mostly easy and focuses more on the basics. In general, NCERT textbooks are recommended by many when it comes to Chemistry preparation. Every year a lot of questions are picked from the concepts explained in these textbooks.
JEE Advanced Chemistry syllabus consists of topics that are all about memorizing rather than conceptual understanding. However, this is not always true. Sometimes there might be questions that are tricky and thought-provoking. A smart preparation strategy should always be followed. Try avoiding memorisation as much as possible and develop a clearer understanding of concepts. Gaining proper insights into the reaction mechanism behind every reaction will always give better results. Chemistry is a scoring subject for students with strong fundamentals because a majority of the questions in JEE Advanced are of moderate difficulty level.
The syllabus of JEE Advanced for Chemistry contains a list of all the chapters covered in standard 11th and 12th chemistry syllabus. Chemistry syllabus is further divided into three sections, namely, Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry. All three sections are equally important and interconnected. Additionally, the students can also go through the complete topic-wise detailed syllabus of IIT JEE Physics and Maths from the links mentioned below.
We have also prepared a detailed topic-wise list of all the concepts covered in JEE Advanced Chemistry Syllabus. Before starting your preparations, it’s better to know about all the topics covered in the syllabus. Analyze your strengths and prepare a suitable study plan to finish the entire syllabus in time.
JEE Advanced 2021 Chemistry Syllabus
Given below is the detailed list of all the topics covered in JEE Advanced chemistry syllabus for Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry.
Physical Chemistry Syllabus
Unit 1 General topics
The concept of atoms and molecules, Mole concept, Dalton’s atomic theory.
Balanced chemical equations, Chemical formulas, Calculations on mole concept involving common oxidation and reduction.
Neutralization and displacement reactions.
Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molality, molarity, and normality.
Unit 2 Liquid and Gaseous States
The absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation.
Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature.
Law of partial pressures, Vapour pressure and Diffusion of gases.
Unit 3 Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding
Bohr model, the spectrum of a hydrogen atom, quantum numbers, Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis and Uncertainty principle.
Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of the hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36), Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule.
Orbital overlap and the covalent bond; Hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond.
Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only), VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
Unit 4 Energetics
First law of Thermodynamics, Internal energy, work, and heat.
Pressure-Volume work, Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion, and vaporization.
The second law of Thermodynamics, Entropy, Free energy, and criterion of spontaneity.
Unit 5 Chemical Equilibrium
Law of mass action, Equilibrium constant, and Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure).
The significance of Delta G and Delta G0 in chemical equilibrium, Solubility product, common ion effect, pH, and buffer solutions.
Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts) and Hydrolysis of salts.
Unit 6 Electrochemistry
Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its relation to Delta G.
Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.
Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law, and Concentration cells.
Unit 7 Chemical Kinetics
Rates of chemical reactions, Order of reactions, and Rate constant.
First order reactions, Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).
Unit 8 Solid State
Classification of solids, crystalline state, and seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, Alpha, Beta, Gamma).
Close-packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices.
Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.
Unit 9 Solutions
Raoult’s law, Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure, the elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point.
Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms).
Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants, and micelles (only definitions and examples).
Unit 10 Nuclear chemistry
Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars, Properties of Alpha, Beta, and Gamma rays.
Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating.
Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.
Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus
Unit 1 Isolation/preparation and properties of the non-metals
Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur, and halogens.
Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur.
Unit 2 Preparation and properties of the compounds
Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium.
Boron: diborane, boric acid, borax, and Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums.
Carbon: oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid), and Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide.
Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia, and Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid phosphoric acid) and phosphine.
Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide, and Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate.
Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.
Unit 3 Transition elements (3d series)
Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment.
Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral).
Unit 4 Preparation and properties of the following compounds
Oxides and chlorides of tin, and lead.
Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+.
Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, and silver.
Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles, and reactions only (industrial details excluded).
Unit 6 Reduction Methods
Carbon reduction method (iron and tin), Self-reduction method (copper and lead), Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium), Cyanide process (silver and gold).
Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.
Organic Chemistry Syllabus
Unit 1 Basic Concepts
Hybridization of carbon; sigma and pi-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules, Structural and geometrical isomerism, Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded).
IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, monofunctional, and bifunctional compounds), Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections), Resonance and hyperconjugation.
Keto-enol tautomerism, Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids.
Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases, Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides.
Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage, Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.
Unit 2 Preparation, properties, and reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes
Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes.
Acid-catalyzed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination), Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone.
Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions.
Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX, and H2O (X=halogen), Addition reactions of alkynes, and Metal acetylides.
Unit 3 Properties, Preparation, and reactions of Alkanes
Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density).
Combustion and halogenation of alkanes.
Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.
Unit 4 Reactions of Phenol and Benzene
Structure and aromaticity, Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, Effect of o-, m- and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes.
Phenols: Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tiemann reaction, and Kolbe reaction.
Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and Ketones.
Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition).
Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides, and amides, ester hydrolysis.
Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, the azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction.
Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).
Unit 6 Carbohydrates
Classification, mono- and disaccharides (glucose and sucrose), Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.
Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.
Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, Teflon, and PVC.
Unit 7 Practical Organic Chemistry
Detection of elements (N, S, halogens).
Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro.
Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.
IIT JEE Chemistry is all about planning and understanding of concepts. Students are advised to concentrate more on understanding the concepts rather than working only on objective problems. The questions asked in the examination are usually a combination of multiple concepts to test the conceptual clarity in students. Select the best books for IIT JEE chemistry preparation and avoid studying the same topics from multiple books as it leads to the confusion of concepts.