JEE Main 2020 Chemistry Paper with Solutions for September 2nd - Shift 1 is a perfect resource to score high marks in the upcoming JEE exams. These question papers will aid them during their preparation for the exams. The solutions uploaded at BYJU’S will enable the students to obtain a fair idea about the blueprint of the question paper pattern. Practising these questions will help them understand the amount of preparation required to face the examination.
Question 1.The increasing order of the following compounds towards HCN addition is:
In HCN, CN– acts as a nucleophile, attack first that –CHO group which has a maximum positive charge. The magnitude of the (+ve) charge increases by –M and –I group. So reactivity order will be
So, option (1) is the correct answer.
Question 2. Which of the following is used for the preparation of colloids?
Bredig’s Arc method
Chapter name surface chemistry
Question 3. An open beaker of water in equilibrium with water vapour is in a sealed container. When a few grams of glucose are added to the beaker of water, the rate at which water molecules:
Hence, Rate at which water molecules leave the vapour increases.
Question 4. For octahedral Mn(II) and tetrahedral Ni(II) complexes, consider the following statements:
(I) both the complexes can be high spin.
(II) Ni(II) complexes can very rarely be low spin.
(III) with strong field ligands, Mn(II) complexes can be low spin.
(IV) the aqueous solution of Mn(II) ions is yellow in colour.
The correct statements are:
Mn2+ [Ar]3d5 it can form low spin as well as high spin complex depending upon nature of ligand same of Ni2+ ion with coordination no 4. It can be dsp2 or sp3 i:e low spin or high spin depending on the open nature of the ligand.
Question 5. The statement that is not true about ozone is:
Question 6. Consider the following reactions:
'x', 'y' and 'z' in these reactions are respectively.
(CH3CO)2O reacts with –OH group to form acetyl derivative, so as the no. of –OH group no. of eq. of (CH3CO)2O will be used
So, x = 4 y = 6 z = 5
So, option (4) will be the correct answer.
Question 7. The IUPAC name for the following compound is:
Question 8. For the following Assertion and Reason, the correct option is Assertion (A): When Cu (II) and Sulphide ions are mixed, they react together extremely quickly to give a solid.
Reason (R): The equilibrium constant of Cu2+ (aq) + S2– (aq) ⇌ CuS (s) is high because the solubility product is low.
(A) is (B) true & (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
The answer is 4.
Question 9. Which one of the following graphs is not correct for an ideal gas?
d = Density, P = Pressure, T = Temperature
The correct statements are:
d = [P × M] / RT
∴ II’ Graph is incorrect.
Question 10. While titrating dilute HCl solution with aqueous NaOH, which of the following will not be required?
Bunsen Burner & measuring cylinder are not Required. As titration is already on the exothermic process
Question 11.In Carius' method of estimation of halogen, 0.172 g of an organic compound showed the presence of 0.08 g of bromine. Which of these is the correct structure of the compound?
mass % of ‘Br’ = [0.08 / 0.172] * 100 = (8000 / 172) = 46.51%
option (1) mass % = (80 / 95) * 100 =
(2) mass % = (2 * 80 * 100) / 252
(3) mass % = (1 * 80 * 100) / (80 + 72 + 6 + 14) = [8000 / 172] %
(4) mass % = [(1 * 80 * 100) / 109] %
Option (3) matches with the given mass percentage value
Question 12. On heating compound (A) gives a gas (B) which is a constituent of air. This gas when treated with H2 in the presence of a catalyst gives another gas (C) which is basic in nature. (A) should not be:
The gas (B) is N2 which is found in the air.
NH3 + H2O → NH4OH (weak base)
(NH4)2Cr2O7 → N2 + Cr2O3 + H2O
NaN3 → N2 + Na
NH4NO2 → N2 + H2O
Pb(NO3)2 → PbO + NO2 + O2
Question 13. The major product in the following reaction is:
Option (3) is the correct answer.
Question 14. In general, the property (magnitudes only) that shows an opposite trend in comparison to other properties across a period is:
Ionisation energy, electronegativity & electron gain enthalpy increase across a period but atomic radius decreases.
Question 15. The figure that is not a direct manifestation of the quantum nature of atoms is:
The internal energy of ‘Ar’ or any gas, has nothing to do with Quantum nature of atom hence
Question 16. The major aromatic product C in the following reaction sequence will be:
Question 17. Consider that a d6 metal ion (M2+) forms a complex with aqua ligands, and the spin only magnetic moment of the complex is 4.90 BM. The geometry and the crystal field stabilization energy of the complex is:
Heat of combustion ∝ 1/ stability
Question 18. If AB4 molecule is a polar molecule, a possible geometry of AB4 is:
Incorrect question Option 1 is more appropriate with respect to the given option (Chemical bonding)
(Options are incorrect)
Question 19. Which of the following compounds will show retention in the configuration on nucleophilic substitution by OH– ion?
In attack of OH– is not on chiral carbon, it is adjacent to chiral carbon, so the configuration of chiral carbon remains constant.
Question 20. The metal mainly used in devising photoelectric cells is:
‘Cs’ is used in the photoelectric cell as its ionisation energy is lowest.
Question 21. The mass of gas adsorbed, x, per unit mass of adsorbate, m, was measured at various pressures, p. A graph between log [x / m] and log p gives a straight line with slope equal to 2 and the intercept equal to 0.4771. The value of [x / m] at a pressure of 4 atm is: (Given log 3 = 0.4771)
(x / m) = KP1/n
log (x / m) = log (k) + (1 / n) log (p)
y = c + mx
Intercept C = logk = 0.4771
Slope = 1 / n = 2, k = 3
(x / m) = k (P)1/n at P = 4 atm
= 3 (4)2
(x / m) = 3 * 16 = 48 Answer
Question 22.The Gibbs energy change (in J) for the given reaction at [Cu2+] = [Sn2+] = 1 M and 298 K is:
Cu(s) + Sn2+ (aq.) → Cu2+(aq.) + Sn(s)
Cu(s) + Sn+2(aq) ⇋ Cu+2 (aq) + Sn(s)
Eºcell = –0.16 – 0.34
ΔGº = –nF Eºcell
= – 2 × 96500 × (–0.5)
ΔG = Gº + RT nQ
= 96500 + (25 / 3) × 298 × 2.303 log (1)
ΔG = 96500 Joules
Answer: (96500 Joules)
Question 23. The internal energy change (in J) when 90 g of water undergoes complete evaporation at 100º C is __________.
(Given: ΔHvap for water at 373 K = 41 kJ/mol, R = 8.314 JK–1 mol–1)
H2O (l) → H2O (g)
ΔEvap = ΔHvap - Δng RT
= 41000 × 5 – 5 × 8.314 × 373
Question 24.The oxidation states of iron atoms in compounds (A), (B) and (C), respectively, are x, y and z. The sum of x, y and z is _____.
Na4 [Fe+2(CN)5 (NOS)]
Answer is 6
Question 25. The number of chiral carbons present in the molecule given below is ________.
Total chiral carbon = 5