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JEE Advanced 2019 Question Paper

Maths Paper 1

**Question 1:** For a complex number z, let Re(𝑧) denote the real part of z. Let S be the set of all complex numbers z satisfying 𝑧^{4} − |𝑧|^{4} = 4 𝑖𝑧^{2}, where i = √(-1) . Then the minimum possible value of |𝑧_{1} −𝑧_{2}|^{2}, where 𝑧_{1}, 𝑧_{2} ∈ 𝑆 with Re(𝑧_{1}) > 0 and Re(𝑧_{2}) < 0, is _____

Solution:

**Answer: 1****Solution:**z

^{4}- |z|^{4}= 4iz^{2}z

^{4}- 2|z|^{2}|bar z|^{2}= 4iz^{2}Because, z(bar z) = |z|

^{2}*here bar z is conjugate of z

Z

^{2}= 0 or z^{2}– (bar z)^{2}= 4iLet z = x + iy

We know

z

^{2}– (bar z )^{2}= 4i(x + iy)

^{2}– (x – iy)^{2}= 4i4ixy = 4i

xy = 1

Now (z

_{1}– z_{2})^{2}= (x_{1}– x_{2})^{2}+ (y_{1}– y_{2})^{2}= x

_{1}^{2}+ x_{2}^{2}+ y_{1}^{2}+ y_{2}^{2}– 2x_{1}x_{2}– 2y_{1}y_{2}= x

_{1}^{2}+ x_{2}^{2}+ y_{1}^{2}+ y_{2}^{2}+ 2x_{1}(-x_{2 }) + 2y_{1}(-y_{2})Now A.M. ≥ G.M.

**Question 2**: The probability that a missile hits a target successfully is 0.75. In order to destroy the target completely, at least three successful hits are required. Then the minimum number of missiles that have to be fired so that the probability of completely destroying the target is **NOT** less than 0.95, is_____.

Solution:

**Answer: 6****Solution:**Given, P(Hit) = 0.75 = 3/4 = P(H)

and P(Hit not) = 0.25 = (1/4) P(bar H)

P(target Hit) ≥ 0.95

1 - P(target not hit in n throws) ≥ 0.95

Now, check n = 6

**Question 3: **Let O be the centre of the circle x^{2} + y^{2} = r^{2}, where r > √5/2 . Suppose PQ is a chord of this circle and the equation of the line passing through 𝑃 and 𝑄 is 2x + 4𝑦 = 5. If the centre of the circumcircle of the triangle 𝑂𝑃𝑄 lies on the line 𝑥 + 2𝑦 = 4, then the value of r is_____

Solution:

**Answer: 2****Solution:**Given,

S

_{1}: x^{2}+ y^{2}= r^{2}where r > √5/2C

_{1}= (0,0)Now let S

_{2}: x^{2}+ y^{2}+ ax + by = 0C

_{2}= (-a/2, -b/2)RA of S

_{1}= 0 & S_{2}= 0 is PQPQ: S

_{1 }– S_{2}= 0PQ: ax + by + r

^{2}= 0 ………………… (1)Given PQ: 2x + 4y - 5 = 0 ………………… (2)

On comparing equation (1) & (2)

(a/2) = (b/4) = (r

^{2}/-5)…………..…..(3)Also, centre of S

_{2}lies on x + 2y = 4(-a/2) – b = 4 …(4)

From equation (3) & (4)

r = 2

**Question 4:** The trace of a square matrix is defined to be the sum of its diagonal entries. If A is a 2 x 2 matrix such that the trace of A is 3 and the trace of 𝐴^{3} is −18, then the value of the determinant of A is_____

Solution:

**Answer: 5****Solution:**Let A =

$\begin{bmatrix} a & b\\ c& d \end{bmatrix}$ …(1)T

_{r}(A) = 3 (Given)a + d = 3

d = 3 – a put in equation (1)

A =

$\begin{bmatrix} a & b\\ c& 3-a \end{bmatrix}$ T

_{r}(A^{3}) = -18 (Given)T

_{r}(A^{3}) = a^{3}+ abc + 3bc + 3bc + 3bc - abc + (3 - a)^{ 3}= - 18a

^{3}+ 9bc + (3 -a)^{ 3 }= -18a

^{3}+ 9bc + 27 – a^{3 }- 3.3a (3 - a)= - 18a

^{2 }- 3a + bc = -5 ……………… (2)Now |A| = a(3 – a) – bc

= 3a – a

^{2}– bc = 5 (From equation (2))|A| = 5

**Question 5:** Let the functions f: (−1,1) → R and g: (−1, 1) → (−1, 1) be defined by f(x) = |2x − 1| + |2x + 1|and g (x) = x − [x], where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. Let fog: (−1,1) → R be the composite function defined by (fog)(x) = f(g(x)). Suppose C is the number of points in the interval (−1, 1) at which fog is NOT continuous, and suppose d is the number of points in the interval (−1,1) at which fog is NOT differentiable. Then the value of c + d is _____

Solution:

**Answer: 4****Solution:**f(x) = |2x − 1| + |2x + 1|

f(x) = -4x at x ≤ -1/2

f(x) = 2 at (-1/2) < x < (1/2)

f(x) = 4x at x ≥ ½

g(x) = x [x] = {x}

Now,

**Now check**fog is not continuous at x = 0 only => c = 1

fog is not differentiable at x = (-1/2), 0, (1/2), => d = 3

So, c + d = 4

**Question 6:** The value of the limit

Solution:

**Answer: 8****Solution:**Using transformation and submultiple angle formula in denominator

**Question 7:** Let b be a nonzero real number. Suppose f = R → R is a differentiable function such that f(0) = 1. If the derivative f' of f satisfies the equation. For all x ∈ R, then which of the following statements is/are TRUE?

- a) If b > 0, then f is an increasing function
- b) If b < 0, then f is a decreasing function
- c) f(x) f(−x) = 1 for all x ∈ R
- d) f(x) − f(−x) = 0 for all x ∈ R

Solution:

**Answer: A,C****Solution:**Given f’(x) = f(x)/(b

^{2}+x^{2})f’(x)/f(x) = 1/(b

^{2}+ x^{2})On integrating both sides, we get

*ln*(f(x)) = (1/b) tan^{-1}(x/b) + cPut x = 0, so c = 0

Because f(0) = 1(Given)

a) f(x) = e^(1/(b

^{2}+ x^{2}))Because, f'(x) = f(x)/(b

^{2}+x^{2})f(x) is increasing function.

f(x) > 0 for all x ∈ R

c) f(x)f(-x) = e^[(1/b) tan

^{-1}(x/b) - (1/b) tan^{-1}(x/b)] = e^{0}= 1d) f(x) - f(-x) = e^[(1/b) tan

^{-1}(x/b)] -e^[- (1/b) tan^{-1}(x/b)] ≠ 0 for all x ∈ R.

**Question 8:** Let a and b be positive real numbers such that a > 1 and b < 𝑎. Let P be a point in the first quadrant that lies on the hyperbola

- a) 1 < e < √2
- b) √2 <𝑒< 2
- c) Δ = a
^{4} - d) Δ = b
^{4}

Solution:

**Answer: A, D****Solution:**Normal cuts equal intercepts

M

_{N}= –1M

_{T}= 1Equation of tangent at P:

(x sec &theta)/a – (y tan &theta)/b = 1, if passes through (1, 0) then sec θ = a

M

_{T}= 1+(b sec θ/a tan θ ) = 1

So, b = tan θ

b

^{2}= a^{2}(e^{2}- 1)e

^{2}- 1 = sin^{2}θe

^{2 }= 1 + sin^{2}θ (Because 0 < θ < pi/2)1 < e

^{2}< 21 < e < √2

Area, Δ = (1/2)(AP) (AP) [because AP = BP]

= (1/2)[(1 – sec

^{2}θ )^{2}+ (tan^{2}θ )^{2}] = tan^{4}θ = b^{4}b = tanθ

**Question 9: **Let f: R → R and g: R → R be functions satisfying f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y) + f(x)f(y) and f(x) = xg(x)

For all x, y ∈ R. If lim_{x->0} g(x) = 1, then which of the following statements is/are TRUE?

- a) f is differentiable at every x ∈ R
- b) If g(0) = 1,then g is differentiable at every x ∈ R
- c) The derivative 𝑓′(1) is equal to 1
- d) The derivative 𝑓′(0) is equal to 1

Solution:

**Answer: A,B,D****Solution:**(x + y) = f(x) + f(y) + f(x)f(y) …(1) and

f(x) = xg(x) …(2)

Differentiating equation (1) with respect to y

f'(x + y).1 = f'(y) + f(x) f'(y) ....(3)

Put y = 0 in equation (3)

f'(x) = f'(0) + f(x)f'(0) ...(4)

From equation (2)

f(x) = xg(x)

differentiating with respect to x

f'(x) = xg'(x) + g(x) ....(5)

put x = 0 in equation (5)

we get f'(0) = g(0) = 1 (given)

f'(0) = 1 put in equation (4)

f'(x) = f(x) + 1

f'(x)/[f(x) + 1] = 1

On integrating both sides, we get

ln(f(x) + 1) = x + c …(6)

Put x = 0 in equation (6)

⇒

*ln*(1 + f(0)) = c⇒ c = 0, Put in equation (6) because x = 0 in equation (2), ⇒ f(0) = 0

1 + f(x) = e

^{x}Put x = 0 in equation (6)

*ln*(1 + f(0)) = c ⇒ c = 0 put in equation (6)1 + f(x) = e

^{x}f(x) = e

^{x}– 1f(1) = e – 1

f'(1) = f(1) + 1 = e - 1 + 1 = e, as f'(x) = f(x) + 1

f'(0) = f(0) + 1 = 0 + 1 = 1

g(x) = f(x)/x = [e

^{x}– 1]/xWe have check differentiability at x = 0

**Question 10:** Let α, β, γ, δ be real numbers such that α^2 + β^2 + γ^2 ≠ 0 and α + γ = 1. Suppose the point (3, 2, −1) is the mirror image of the point (1, 0, −1) with respect to the plane α x + β y + γ z = δ. Then which of the following statements is/are TRUE?

- a) α + β = 2
- b) δ - γ = 3
- c) δ + β = 4
- d) α + β + γ = δ

Solution:

**Answer: A,B,C****Solution:**Given equation of plane is α x + β y + γ z = δ

Q point is mid point of pp' = ((1+3)/2, (0+2)/2, (-1-1)/2) = (2, 1, -1)

Since point Q lie on the plane α x + β y + γ z = δ

α (2) + β (1) + γ (-1) = δ …(1)

pp’ is normal to given plane

α/2 = β/2 = γ/0 = λ (let)

α = 2 λ, β = 2λ , γ = 0

Because α + γ = 1 (given)

2 λ + 0 = 1

λ = ½

Therefore, α = 2 λ = 2 x ½ = 1

β = 2λ = 1 and γ = 0

Now, putting all values of α, β and γ in equation (1), we get

δ = 3

Therefore, δ - γ = 3

δ + β = 3+1 = 4

α + β + γ = 1+1+0 = 2 (≠ δ )

α + β = 1+1 = 2

**Question 11:** Let a and b be positive real numbers. Suppose

- a) a + b = 4
- b) a - b = 2
- c) The length of the diagonal PR of the parallelogram 𝑃𝑄𝑅𝑆 is 4
- d)
$\vec{w}$ is an angle bisector of the vectors$\vec{PQ}$ and$\vec{PS}$ .

Solution:

**Answer: a,c****Solution:**Given,

$\vec{PQ} = a \hat{i} + b \hat{j}$ $\vec{PS} = a \hat{i} - b \hat{j}$ and$\vec{w} = \hat{i} + \hat{j}$ Squaring both sides,

4a

^{2}= 2(a^{2}+ b^{2})2a

^{2}= 2b^{2}a = b

Now, area of parallelogram is

$\begin{vmatrix} \hat {i} &\hat {j} &\hat {k} \\ a &b &0 \\ a &-b &0 \end{vmatrix}$ ⇒ 8 = |-2ab k|

ab = 4 ⇒ a

^{2}= 4 (Because a = b)a = 2 = b

a + b = 2 + 2 = 4

a – b = 2 – 2 = 0

Length of diagonal of parallelogram =

$|(a \hat{i} + b \hat{j} + (a \hat{i} - b \hat{j} |$ = |2a i|

= 2a = 4

$\vec{PQ} + \vec{PS} = 2a \hat{i}, 2b \hat{j} \neq \lambda \vec{w}$

**Question 12.** For nonnegative integers s and r, let

Then which of the following statements is/are TRUE?

- a) (m, n) = (n, m) for all positive integers m, n
- b) (m, n + 1) = (m + 1, n) for all positive integers m, n
- c) (2m, 2n) = 2 (m, n) for all positive integers m, n
- d)(2m, 2n) = ((m, n))
^{2}for all positive integers m, n

Solution:

**Answer: a,b,d****Solution:**Given

=

^{n+p}C_{p}[^{m}C_{0}^{n}C_{p}+^{m}C_{1}^{n}C_{p-1 }+ …..+^{m}C_{m}^{n}C_{p-m}]Coefficient x

_{p}in (1 + x)^{n}(x+1)^{m}f(m, n, p) = (

^{n+p}C_{p}) (^{m + n}C_{p})g(m, n) = g(n, m)

g(2m, 2n) = 2

^{2(m + n)}= (2^{m + n})^{2}= (g(m, n))^{2}g(m, n + 1) = 2

^{m + n + 1}= 2^{(m + 1) + n }= g(m+1, n)

**Question 13:** An engineer is required to visit a factory for exactly four days during the first 15 days of every month and it is mandatory that **no** two visits take place on consecutive days. Then the number of all possible ways in which such visits to the factory can be made by the engineer during 1-15 June 2021 is_____.

Solution:

**Answer: 495.00****Solution:**To select = 4 days

not selected days = 11 days

gaps = 12

^{12}C_{4}= [12x11x5x9]/24 = 495

**Question 14:** In a hotel, four rooms are available. Six persons are to be accommodated in these four rooms in such a way that each of these rooms contains at least one person and at most two persons. Then the number of all possible ways in which this can be done is_____.

Solution:

**Answer: 1080****Solution:**By grouping

**Question 15:** Two fair dice, each with faces numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, are rolled together and the sum of the numbers on the faces is observed. This process is repeated till the sum is either a prime number or a perfect square. Suppose the sum turns out to be a perfect square before it turns out to be a prime number. If p is the probability that this perfect square is an odd number, then the value of 14 𝑝 is _____

Solution:

**Answer: 8.00****Solution:**Sum is prime =

2 (1,1)

3 (1,2)(2,1)

5 (2,3)(3,2) (1,4) (4,1)

7 (1,6) (2,5) (3,4) (4,3) (5,2) (6,1)

11 (5,6) (6,5)

P(prime) = 15/36 = 5/12

P(perfect square) = 7/36

p = 4/7

Therefore, 14p = 14 x 4/7 = 8

**Question 16:** Let the function f: [0, 1] → R be defined by f(x) = 4^{x}/(4^{x} + 2). Then the value of f(1/40) + f(2/40) + f(3/40) + …+ f(39/40) – f(1/2) is _____.

Solution:

**Answer: 19.00****Solution:**Given, f: [0, 1] → R

f(x) = 4

^{x}/(4^{x}+ 2) ..…(1)Replace x by 1-x

f(1-x) = 4

^{1-x}/(4^{1-x}+ 2) = 2/(2+4^{x}) ……(2)Adding (1) and (2)

f(x) + f(1-x) = 1 …..(3)

So, f(1/40) + f(2/40) + f(3/40) + …+ f(39/40) – f(1/2) = f(1/40) + f(2/40) + …….+ f(20/40) + …+ f(1 - 3/40) + f(1 – 2/40) + f(1 – 1/40) – f(1/2)

= [f(1/40) + f(1 – 1/40)] + [f(2/40) + f(1 – 2/40)] + [f(3/40) + f(1 – 3/40)] + …..f(20/40) – f(1/2)

From equation (3), we have

= 1 + 1 + 1+ …+1(19 times) + f(20/40) – ½

= 19 + f(1/2) – f(1/2)

= 19

**Question 17:** Let f:R → R be a differentiable function such that its derivative f’ is continuous and f(π) = -6.

If F: [0, π ] → R is defined by F(x) =

Solution:

**Answer: 4.00****Solution:**Given, F: [0, π ] → R

F(x) =

$\int_0^x f(t) dt$ Using Newton Leibniz

F’(x) = f(x) d/dx (x) – f(0) d/dx (0)

F’(x) = f(x) …(1)

⇒

$\int_0^{\pi}$ (f’(x) cos x - f(x) sin x )dx = 2⇒

$\int_0^{\pi}\frac{d}{dx}$ (f(x) cos x)dx = 2⇒ f(x) cos x|

_{0}^{π}= 2⇒ f(0) = 4

**Question 18:** Let the function f: (0, π) → R be defined by f(θ) = (sin θ + cos θ)^{2} + (sinθ - cos θ)^{4} . Suppose, the function f has a local minimum at θ precisely when θ ∈ {λ_{1} π, … , λ_{r} π}, where 0 < λ_{1}< ⋯ < λ_{r} < 1.Then the value of λ_{1} + ⋯ + λ* _{r}* is _____

Solution:

**Answer: 0.50****Solution:**Given, f(θ) = (sin θ + cos θ)

^{2}+ (sin θ - cos θ)^{4}= (sin

^{2}θ + cos^{2}θ) + 2 sin θ cos θ + ((sin θ - cos θ)^{2})^{2}= 1 + sin2 θ + (sin

^{2}θ + cos^{2 }θ - 2sin θ cos θ)^{2}= 1 + sin2 θ + (1 – sin2 θ)

^{2}= 1 + sin2 θ + 1+ sin

^{2}2 θ – 2sin2 θ= sin

^{2}2 θ - sin2 θ + 2⇒ f(θ ) = sin( 2θ - ½)

^{2}+ 7/4Because, θ ∈ [0, π]

Therefore, 2 θ ∈ [0, 2 π]

f(θ) min. when sin 2 θ = ½

Therefore, 2 θ = π/6, 5 π/6

θ = π/12, 5 π/12

λ

_{1}= 1/12 and λ_{2}= 5/12So, λ

_{1}+ λ_{2}= ½ = 0.50

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