Download Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography are important resources for board exam preparation. For most students, scoring marks in Geography is easy, as 70 to 80% of the questions appearing in exams are asked directly from NCERT Class 10 Geography textbook. So, to help them prepare better for the exam, we have provided NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography
Students can have a look at the chapter-wise solutions of Geography – Contemporary India II from the table below. These NCERT Solutions provide the answers to all exercise questions. These answers will provide in-depth knowledge of each chapter and important topics. To access these solutions, click the links below.
|Chapter 1: Resources and Development|
|Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources|
|Chapter 3: Water Resources|
|Chapter 4: Agriculture|
|Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources|
|Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries|
|Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy|
Overview of CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapters
There are a total of 7 chapters in Class 10 Geography book. Here, we have provided a brief description of each chapter.
Chapter 1: Resources and Development
Geography Chapter 1 starts with the definition of resources. The classification of resources is explained based on the origin, exhaustibility, ownership, and potential of development. Further, the chapter talks about the development of resources and resource planning. This chapter mainly focuses on land resources by describing land utilisation, land use patterns in India, land degradation and conservation measures, soil as a resource and the classification of soil in-depth.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development
- Development of Resources
- Resource Planning – Resource Planning in India, Conservation of Resources
- Land Resources
- Land Utilisation
- Land Use Pattern in India
- Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
- Soil as a Resource – Classification of Soils, Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation (excluding Box Information on State of India’s Environment)
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development
a. Major soil Types
Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources
This chapter helps in understanding the different variety of flora and fauna that exists in nature and the reason behind the depletion of flora and fauna. The chapter further describes the conservation and distribution of forests and wildlife in India. In the end, students will get to know about some of the steps taken by common people to conserve the forests and wildlife resources.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources
- Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in India
- Types and Distribution of Forests and Wildlife Resources
- Community and Conservation
Chapter 3: Water Resources
The chapter starts by describing the availability of fresh water on the earth’s surface. Further, it explains the causes of water scarcity and the need for conserving and managing water resources. Students will learn about multi-purpose river projects and integrated water resources management. In the end, rain water harvesting and different methods of adopted rain water harvesting in different areas are explained in-depth.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 Water Resources
- Water Scarcity and the Need for Water Conservation and Management
- Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management
- Rainwater Harvesting
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 Water Resources
b. Bhakra Nangal
d. Rana Pratap Sagar
e. Sardar Sarovar
g. Nagarjuna Sagar
Chapter 4: Agriculture
India is primarily an Agriculture country. Farming has been practised in India for ages. This chapter is included in the textbook to help students understand the type of farming system practised in India, cropping pattern and major crops produced in India.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
- Types of Farming – Primitive Subsistence, Intensive Subsistence, Commercial
- Cropping Pattern – Major Crops, Food Crops Other Than Grains, Non Food Crops, Technological and Institutional Reforms
- Food Security (excluding the impact of globalisation on agriculture)
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture
a. Major Areas of Rice and Wheat
b. Largest/Major Producer States of Sugarcane, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute
Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources
The earth’s crust is made up of different minerals. This chapter will explain Minerals and the occurrence of Minerals. The chapter further describes the classification of Minerals. Under the classification of minerals, each type is described in detail. In the end, the chapter briefs about conventional and non-conventional energy resources.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
- What Is a Mineral?
- Mode of Occurrence of Minerals – Where Are These Minerals Found?, Ferrous Minerals, Non-Ferrous Minerals, Nonmetallic Minerals, Rock Minerals
- Conservation of Minerals
- Energy Resources – Conventional Sources of Energy, Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
- Conservation of Energy Resources
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
Minerals – (Identification only)
a. Iron Ore mine
b. Coal Mines
c. Oil Fields
- Mumbai High
Power Plants (Locating and Labelling only)
Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
The manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of development. This chapter is especially included in the NCERT Geography book to help students understand the importance of manufacturing and the contribution of Industries to the National Economy. They will know the factors that impact the industrial location. Moreover, this chapter explains Ago-based Industries, Mineral-based industries, Chemical Industries, etc. In the end, the chapter explains how industrial pollution is degrading the environment and the major steps taken to prevent its degradation.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
- Importance of Manufacturing – Industrial Location (excluding Industry Market Linkage), Agro-based Industry (excluding Cotton Textiles, Jute Textiles, Sugar Industry), Mineral based Industries (excluding Iron Steel Industry, Cement Industry), Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation, Control of Environmental Degradation
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries
Manufacturing Industries (Locating and Labelling Only)
Software Technology Parks
Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy
The modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of the nation and its Economy. This chapter will help students understand how roadways, railways, pipelines, waterways, seaports, and airways have linked humans to the world and have contributed significantly to the growth of the Indian Economy. The chapter ends by describing the means of communication in India, International Trade and Tourism as Trade.
Topics Covered in Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
- Major Seaports
- International Trade
- Tourism as a Trade
List of Map Items in Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy
Major Ports: (Locating and Labelling)
d. New Mangalore
a. Amritsar (Raja Sansi – Sri Guru Ram Dass jee)
b. Delhi (Indira Gandhi)
c. Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji)
d. Chennai (Meenam Bakkam)
e. Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
f. Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)
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