NCERT Syllabus Class 7 Geography

Knowing the syllabus is an important part of exam preparation. It assists students in planning their studies in a better way. By knowing the syllabus, students can easily keep track of topics that they have studied and the topics they need to finish. So, to help them with their studies we have provided the NCERT Syllabus Class 7 Geography. Students can also download the syllabus pdf from the link below.

NCERT Class 7 Geography Syllabus – Download PDF

Students can have a look at the topics of the syllabus from the table below. Along with the topic, students will also find the objectives and no. of periods required to complete a topic.



No. of Periods

Environment in its totality: natural and human environment. To understand the environment in its totality including various components both natural and human. 6
Natural Environment: land – interior of the earth, rocks and minerals; earth movements and major landforms. (One case study related with earthquake to be introduced) To explain the components of the natural environment.

To appreciate the interdependence of these components and their importance in our life.

To appreciate and develop sensitivity towards environments.

Air – composition, structure of the atmosphere, elements of weather and climate – temperature, pressure, moisture and wind. (One case study related with cyclones to be introduced) To understand about atmosphere and its elements. 10
Water – fresh and saline, distribution of major water bodies, ocean waters and their circulation. (One case study related with tsunami to be introduced) To know about distribution of water on the earth. 10
Natural vegetation and wildlife. To find out the nature of diverse flora and fauna. 5
Human Environment: settlement, transport and communication. To explain the relationship between the natural environment and human habitation.

To appreciate the need of transport and communication for development of the community.

To be familiar with the new developments making today’s world a global society.

Human – Environment Interaction: Case Studies – life in desert regions – Sahara and Ladakh; life in tropical and sub-tropical regions -Amazon and Ganga-Brahmaputra; life in temperate regions – Prairies and Veldt. To understand the complex interrelationship of human and natural environment.

To compare life in one’s own surrounding with life of other environmental settings. To appreciate the cultural differences existing in the world which is an outcome of interaction between human beings and their environment.


To study the topics mentioned in the table above students must refer to the NCERT Class 7 Textbook.

NCERT Class 7 Geography Project/Activity

Students can try out below-mentioned activities and projects. This will help them in understanding the Geography topics in depth.

  • Collect stories / find out about changes that took place in their areas (identify how things/ surroundings change overnight and why).
  • Discuss the topic “How weather forecast helps us” in your class after assigning the role of a farmer, a hawker, a pilot of an aeroplane, a captain of the ship, a fisherman and an engineer of a river dam to different students.
  • Write observations about local area house types, settlements, transport, communication and vegetation.

We hope this information on “NCERT Syllabus Class 7 Geography” helped students in their exam preparation. Keep learning and stay tuned for further updates on CBSE and other competitive exams. Download BYJU’S App and subscribe to YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos.

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