NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (Civics)

Download Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (Civics)

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science (Civics) are a helpful resource designed by a team of experienced teachers for students’ studies. These solutions contain the answers to exercise questions published in the Class 10 Political Science textbook ‘Democratic Politics II’. These solutions are based on the latest syllabus. The answers in NCERT Solutions Class 10 Political Science are explained in detail, which will help students to understand the topic quickly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science

Class 10 Civics book contains a total of 8 chapters. Students can access the NCERT Solutions of these chapters by clicking on the respective chapter link.

Chapter 1: Power-sharing
Chapter 2: Federalism
Chapter 3: Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 4: Political Parties
Chapter 5: Outcomes of Democracy

The following are the chapters that have been removed from the NCERT Class 10 Social Science Political Science – Democratic Politics II textbook 2023-24.

Democracy and Diversity

Popular Struggles and Movements

Challenges to Democracy

Overview of NCERT Class 10 Political Science Solutions Chapters

Here we are providing a summary of each Chapter.

Chapter 1: Power Sharing

The first Chapter starts with two stories from Belgium and Sri Lanka. Both these stories are about how democracies handle demands for power-sharing. The stories end with a general conclusion about the need for power-sharing in democracy. Further, the chapter ends by describing the different forms of power-sharing.

Topics Covered in Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing :

  • Belgium and Sri Lanka
  • Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka
  • Accommodation in Belgium
  • Why power sharing is desirable?
  • Forms of Power Sharing

Chapter 2: Federalism

The chapter begins by describing federalism in general terms. The rest of the chapter tries to understand the theory and practice of federalism in India. Towards the end of the chapter, students learn about the local government, a new and third tier of Indian federalism.

Topics Covered in Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism :

  • What is Federalism?
  • What makes India a Federal Country?
  • How is Federalism practised?
  • Decentralization in India

Chapter 3: Democracy and Diversity

Chapter 3 starts with an example of a public expression of social divisions. Then it explains how social differences can take various forms. Further, it describes how democratic politics affects and get affected by these social diversities.

Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste

Social differences based on gender, religion and caste can take the form of social divisions and inequalities. In this chapter, students will understand the nature of this division and how it gets expressed in politics in India. In the end, students will get to know whether different expressions based on these differences are healthy or unhealthy in a democracy.

Topics Covered in Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste :

  • Gender and Politics – Public/Private division, Women’s political representation
  • Religion, Communalism and Politics – Communalism, Secular State (excluding images on pages 46, 48, 49 of NCERT Textbook – Democratic Politics –II – reprinted edition 2021)
  • Caste and Politics – Caste inequalities, Caste in politics, Politics in caste

Chapter 5: Popular Struggles and Movements

The fifth chapter starts with a discussion of how struggles around conflicting demands and pressures shape democracy. This helps students lead to an analysis of how an ordinary citizen can play a role in democracy. Further, the chapter discusses the indirect ways of influencing politics through pressure groups and movements.

Chapter 6: Political Parties

This chapter will provide the answers to questions related to Political Parties, such as why we need political parties and how many parties we should have. The chapter describes the major national and state parties in India. Further, it explains the challenges that political parties face. The chapter ends by describing the efforts and suggestions to reform political parties and their leaders in India.

Topics Covered in Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Political Parties :

  • Why do we need Political Parties? – Meaning, Functions, Necessity
  • How many parties should we have?
  • National Parties
  • State Parties
  • Challenges to Political Parties
  • How can Parties be reformed?

Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy

Chapter 7 begins by stating the ways through which we can assess the outcomes of democracy. Then it describes the expected and actual outcomes of democracy in various respects: quality of government, economic well-being, inequality, social differences, conflicts and finally, freedom and dignity.

Topics Covered in Class 10 Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy :

  • How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?
  • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
  • Economic growth and development
  • Reduction of inequality and poverty
  • Accommodation of social diversity
  • Dignity and freedom of the citizens

Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy

The chapter addresses the fundamental questions of democratic politics, such as the following:

  • What are the challenges that democracy faces in our country and elsewhere?
  • What can be done to reform democratic politics?
  • How can our democracy become more democratic in its practice and outcomes?

This chapter discusses some suggestions about how we can approach the questions of challenges and reforms. Students are advised to refer to these Class 10 Political Science Solutions while studying, as it would help them in providing additional guidance. Also, it will support them with their board exam preparation.

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science


How can I effectively use the NCERT Solutions for the Class 10 Political Science to prepare for exams?

Students must understand each chapter from the very beginning thoroughly and work on them using the NCERT Solutions from BYJU’S to score high marks in the Class 10 exam. These solutions are designed by expert faculty having in-depth knowledge and experience in the subject. Pictorial representation is given for difficult and required questions to help students easily grasp concepts. Regular usage of this resource can significantly improve the confidence and academic performance of the students.

Which online resource is the most competent for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science PDF?

We, at BYJU’S, provide answers to all the questions in the NCERT Textbook. To obtain a clear picture of all the topics, students are recommended to refer to NCERT Solutions. All the answers are framed carefully by the tutors keeping in mind the understanding abilities of a Class 10 student. Further, students can improve their analytical and logical thinking skills by referring to these solutions, and these are very important to obtain high marks in the Class 10 exams.

Is it recommended to use the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science for board exams and other competitive exam preparation?

Political Science is a subject which explains to us the federalism, democracy and diversity of a country. It also aids students in understanding the challenges and outcomes of democracy. To learn all these topics in detail, it is highly recommended that students use the NCERT Solutions from BYJU’S as it also provides precise answers to all the intext questions. The answers are in simple language and represented using bulletins to make learning easier for students. This resource also guides preparations for other competitive exams like UPSC.

Can the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science be used for revising the entire syllabus?

In Class 10 Political Science, there are 8 chapters which cover all the key topics and case studies from the exam perspective. To learn more about these concepts, students are encouraged to refer to the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science available on BYJU’S. Further, students can download the PDFs containing these answers without any time constraints. The main aim of creating such a resource is to help students revise the entire syllabus or any certain topic instantly without any hassle and exam fear.


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