NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Social Science Chapter 6 : Political Parties

NCERT Book Solutions For Class 10 Civics Democratic Politics -II Chapter 6 Political Parties

In Class 9, you have studied the role of political parties in the rise of democracies, in the formation of constitutional designs, in electoral politics and the making and working of governments. In Chapter 6 of Class 10 Political Science, you will study about the political parties as vehicles of federal sharing of political power. The exercise will consist of the questions related to the nature and working of political parties in India. Here we have compiled the answers to all the questions based on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties PDF. Familiarizing yourself with these solutions will surely help in your exam preparation.

Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties 1
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 6 – Political Parties

The solutions for chapter 6 of Democratic Politics-II are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 10 for other subjects.

Exercises Page No. 87

1. State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy


The functions performed by the political parties are:

  1. They contest elections.
  2. They introduce various policies and programmes for the people.
  3. They play an important role in decision-making to legislate and execute.
  4. These parties, when successful in elections, form and run the government.
  5. These parties, if they lose, become the opposition parties and play the role of criticizing the government.
  6. The parties mould the public’s opinion on various issues. They can help them form an opinion and can also influence them to alter their opinion.
  7. These parties help the citizenry to access the government’s policies and acts.

2. What are the various challenges faced by political parties?


There are some challenges that political parties have to face:

  1. The lack of internal democracy – If there is a concentration of power in the hands of one or only a few ministers in the party, it gives space to internal conflicts.
  2. The dynastic succession – This has been in the political parties from time immemorial. The leader of the party sets a lineage and one after another, a dynastic succession keeps taking place, which affects the chances of other ministers in the party to gauge an effective position in the party.
  3. Money and muscle power – The participation of smaller regional parties is lesser due to growing prominence of muscle and money power. These powers can mostly be seen during the election period where parties’ rich candidates can gain more votes using both of these.

3. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?


The various reforms that a political party can take are:

  1. A provision within a political party to tackle internal conflicts.
  2. The 1/3rd representation in the party should be given to women candidates.
  3. The parties should not promote candidates having criminal records.
  4. State funding during elections should be promoted so that candidates coming from a poor background stand an equal chance to win.

4. What is a political party?


A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society, with a view to promoting the collective good.

5. What are the characteristics of a political party?


The political party has the following characteristics:

  1. They have members who share the same interests in policies and programmes.
  2. They seek to introduce policies which are for the welfare of the citizens.
  3. There are three components – leader, active members and followers.

6. A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a _____________________.


A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a political party.

7. Match List-I (organisations and struggles) with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I List-II
1. Congress Party A. National Democratic Alliance
2. Bharatiya Janata Party B. State party
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) C. United Progressive Alliance
4. Telugu Desam Party D. Left Front
1 2 3 4
(a) C A B D
(b) C D A B
(c) C A D B
(d) D C A B


1 2 3 4
(c) C A D B

8. Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?

A. Kanshi Ram

B. Sahu Maharaj

C. B.R. Ambedkar

D. Jotiba Phule


A. Kanshi Ram

9. What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?

A. Bahujan Samaj

B. Revolutionary democracy

C. Integral humanism

D. Modernity


D. Modernity

10. Consider the following statements on parties.

  1. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
  2. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
  3. Parties are not necessary to run governments.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B, and C
  2. A and B
  3. B and C
  4. A and C


(b) A and B

Political Parties Summary

Chapter 6 of NCERT Social Science Civics textbook – Democratic Politics-II will discuss the political parties which form the basis of the government. India has a multi-party system where various political parties contest elections and the party that wins the elections run the government. Students will be introduced to the basic characteristics of the political parties and the basic components. There are several challenges that a party has to face in the name of internal conflicts, dynastic successions and more, which too will be introduced in the NCERT chapter 10.

The students will also get to know about the following topics:

  1. Why do we need political parties?
    1. Meaning
    2. Functions
    3. Necessity
  2. How many parties should we have?
  3. National parties
    1. All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
    2. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
    3. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
    4. Communist Party of India (CPI)
    5. Communist Party of India – Marxist (CPI-M)
    6. Indian National Congress (INC)
    7. Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
  4. State parties
  5. Challenges to political parties
  6. How can parties be reformed?

‘Democratic Politics-II’ is an important book for Class 10 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science is given in the linked article.

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