CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 14 - Statistics Objective Questions

Using these CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 14- Statistics Objective Questions with solutions as reference material will help the students to score good marks. Students can get here the objective questions chapter wise, which have also been organized topic-wise in the PDF. Chapter 14-Statistics deals with a branch of Mathematics that includes the representation of data in a meaningful way. From this chapter, students can learn the step deviation methods, finding mode and median of grouped data, converting frequency distribution and the relation between, mode, mean and median methods, and so on. CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 14- Statistics Objective Questions is a good resource to prepare for the exams.

Sub-Topics From Chapter 14 Statistics

These CBSE Class 10 Maths objective questions from this chapter 14 have been organized topic wise and students referring to these will be able to score good marks in the exam. The topics discussed are given as follows:

14.1 Introduction to Statistics (3 MCQs From The Given Topic)

14.2 Graphical representation of cumulative frequency distribution

14.3 Mean (7 MCQs From This Topic)

14.4 Median (1 MCQs Listed From Topic)

14.5 Mode (4 MCQs From This Given Topic)

14.6 Ogives and Questions relating to the relation between mean, mode and median (2 MCQs From Topic)

Download CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 14- Statistics Objective Questions Free PDF

Introduction to Statistics

1. Class mark of a class is obtained by using

a. (upper limit – lower limit) / 2

b. (upper limit + lower limit) / 2

c. upper limit – lower limit

d. Upper limit + lower limit

Answer: (b) (upper limit + lower limit) / 2

Solution: Class mark is the midpoint of a class interval. Therefore, its formula is given by (upper limit + lower limit) / 2

2. Look at the following table below.

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 1

The value of A & B respectively are:

a. 3,8

b. 2,7

c. 3,7

d. 2.5, 7.5

Answer: (d) 2.5, 7.5

Solution: Class mark for a class interval = (Upper-class limit + Lower-class limit)/ 2

For first class upper class limit is 5 and lower is 0. Thus class mark for it is 2.5 using formula.

For 2nd class upper class limit is 10 and lower limit is 5. Thus class mark for it is 7.5.

3. If the sum of all the frequencies is 24, then the value of z is:

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 2

a. 4

b. 6

c. 8

d. 10

Answer: (d) 10

Solution: Here, n=∑fi=z+5+6+1+2=14+z

Given: ∑fi=24

∴n=∑fi=14+z=24

⇒z=24−14=10.

4. The value of ∑ni=1xi is

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 3

Mean

5. The mean of the following distribution is

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 4

6.

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 5

a. 208

b. 444

c. 88

d. 40

Answer: (b) 444

Solution: Each term on right most column is the product of corresponding 2 terms on 1st 2 columns. 1st column is class marks list. 2nd column is frequencies for these columns. The 3rd column is the product of these 2 columns.

For first row, class mark (xi) = 4, frequency (fi) = 10. Product (fixi) = 40. Similarly the products of other class marks can also be found.

The sum of these products (∑fixi) = 40 + 88 + 108 + 208 = 444

7. Consider the following distribution of SO2 concentration in the air (in ppm = parts per million) in 30 localities. Find the mean SO2 concentration using assumed mean method. Also find the values of A, B and C.

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 6

a. -0.04, 0, 0.04, 0.5

b. -0.04, 0, 0.04, 0.6

c. -0.04, 0, 0.04, 0.2

d. -0.04, 0, 0.04, 0.098

Answer: (d) -0.04, 0, 0.04, 0.098

Solution: The 4th column in table shown in question is a table of values of‘d’.

di = xi – a

Here

d= value of‘d’ for ith class mark-row.

xi = ith class mark

a = assumed mean value

Applying given formula for 1st class interval (0-0.04),

-0.08 = 0.02 – a

a = 0.1

Thus P = 0.1

Applying given formula for 2nd class interval (0.04-0.08)

A = 0.06 – 0.1

A = -0.04

Similarly for 3rdand 5th classes d values are-

B = 0

C = 0.04

Mean = 0.098

8. There is a grouped data distribution for which mean is to be found by step deviation method.

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 7

Find the value of A, B, C, D, E and F respectively.

a. 186 , -100, -200, -2 ,-1 and 2

b. 188 , -100, 200, -2 ,-1 and 2

c. 188 , 100, -200, 2 ,-1 and -2

d. 186 , 100, -200, -2 ,-1 and 2

Answer: (b) 188, -100, 200, -2,-1 and 2

Solution: ∑fi = sum of frequencies of each class = 40 + 39 + 34 + 30 + 45 = 188

di = xi – a

where xi = ith class mark

a = assumed mean

Using above formula for 1st class (0-100) we get-

-200 = 50 – a

a = 250

Using above formula for 2nd class (100-200) we get-

B = 150 – 250

B = -100

Similarly, C = 200.

ui = (di)/ h

Here h = class interval = 100. h is constant.

For 1st class (0-100),

u= (di)/ h= – (200/100) =-2

Thus, D = -2

Similarly E = -1, F = 2

A, B, C, D, E and F are 188, -100, 200, -2,-1 and 2 respectively.

9. The formula for finding mean by direct method is
cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 9Where B and A are respectively

(A) Class mark, frequency of the class

(B) Average frequency, class size

(C) Class size, average frequency

(D) Frequency of the class, class mark

Answer: (A) Class mark, frequency of the class

Solution:
cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 10

Where B is the class mark.

Class mark = 1/2 (upper limit of class + lower limit of class)

And A is the frequency of the class.

10. The average weight of a group of 25 men was calculated to be 78.4 kg. It was discovered later that one weight was wrongly entered as 69 kg instead of 96 kg. What is the correct average ?

(A) 75.76

(B) 77.56

(C) 79.48

(B) 80.30

Answer: (C) 79.48

Solution: Total weight of 25 men = 25 × 78.4 = 1960

Due to the error in one entry, 96 has become 69

Difference= 27 kg

∴ Correct total = 1960 + 27 = 1987

∴ Correct total =1987 / 25=79.48

Median

11. (For an arranged data) The median is the 

(A) Most common observation

(B) Middle most observation

(C) Least common observation

(D) Average of the two most common observations

Answer: (B) Middle most observation

Solution: The median is the middle most observation. If there is even number of observations, median is the average of the two middle observations. If there is odd number of observations, median is the middle observation itself.

Mode

12. The mode of the following data is:

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 11

(A) 16

(B) 14

(C) 12

(D) 10

Answer: (B) 14

Solution: The mode is the most frequent observation. Here, the mode is 14 with a frequency of 15.

13.  Find the mode of the following data.

cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 12

  1. Between 20 and 22.5
  2. Between 27.5 and 30
  3. Equal to 25
  4. Between 22.5 and 27.5 but not equal to 25

Answer: (A) Between 20 and 22.5

Solution:
cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 13

Modal Class is 20-30

Mode= l +
cbse board class 10 maths chapter 14 14

= 20 + (14-13) / (28-13-5) × 10 =21

Hence, the mode will be between 20 and 22.5

14. There are lottery tickets labelled numbers from 1 to 500. I want to find the number which is most common in the lottery tickets. What quantity do I need to use?   

(A) None of the above

(B) Mode

(C) Mean

(D) Median

Answer: (B) Mode

Solution: In a distribution, mode gives the data whose frequency is highest. This means that for an ungrouped distribution the mode is the value of the data that repeats maximum number of times. For the lottery tickets I want to find the most repeated number. Mode will serve this purpose.

15.  Which of the following is not a measure of central tendency?

(A) Mode

(B) Range

(C) Median

(D) Mean

Answer: (B) Range

Solution: Three measures of central tendency are mean, median, mode. Range is a measure of variability or spread of the data.

Ogives and Questions relating to the relation between mean, mode and median

16. The mode of a frequency distribution can be determined graphically from:

(A) Frequency curve

(B) 0give

(C) Frequency polygon

(D) Histogram

Answer: (B) Ogive

Solution: The mode of a frequency distribution can be determined graphically from ogive

17. For ‘more than ogive’ the x-axis represents:

(A) frequency

(B) lower limits of class intervals

(C) mid-values of class-intervals

(D) upper limits of class-intervals

Answer: (B) lower limits of class intervals

Solution: For ‘more than ogive’ the x-axis represents lower limits of class intervals

From the compilation of objective questions of chapter 14, students can find the methods and procedure to solve these sums. These have been explained in a broad way in these MCQs with solutions, such that students understand the fundamentals, quickly and easily.

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