 # Physics Practicals For Class 12

Physics is one of the most important subjects in Class 12. As the CBSE exam approaches, students get busy preparing for different subjects. But an essential part of the CBSE exam is the practical exams which consist of 30 marks.

Students must know all the experiments along with theorems, laws, and numerical to understand all the concepts of 12th standard Physics in a detailed way. Two experiments (8 + 8 marks) are asked from each section in the practical exam. The experiment records and activities consist of 6 marks; the project has 3 marks and viva on the experiment consist of 5 marks.

The Physics Practicals For Class 12 CBSE is given here so that students can understand the experiments in a better way. Students are suggested to study the theory and law behind the experiment properly before performing the experiment.

 Class 12 Physics Experiments Section A 1. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current. 2.To find resistance of a given wire using metre bridge and hence determine the resistivity (specific resistance) of its material. 3. To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge. 4. To verify the Laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge. 5. To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using potentiometer. 6. To determine the internal resistance of given primary cell using potentiometer. 7. To determine resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit. 8. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same. 9. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same. 10. To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer. Section B 1. To find the focal Length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v. 2. To find the focal Length of a concave lens, using a convex lens. 3. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation. 4. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. 5. To find refractive index of a liquid by using convex Lens and plane mirror. 6. To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction in forward bias and reverse bias.

## Class 12 Physics Activities

Section A
1. To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron core.
2. To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using multimeter.
3. To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source.
4. To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
5. To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady current.
6. To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit diagram.

Section B
1. To identify a diode, an LED, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
2. Use of multimeter to see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED and check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode) is in working order.
3. To study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an LDR.
4. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
5. To observe polarization of light using two Polaroids.
6. To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
7. To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
8. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.                                       Observation table :         Observation table :  Stay tuned with BYJU’S to get the latest notification on CBSE along with CBSE syllabus , sample papers, marking scheme and more.