NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Physics – Free PDF Download
Physics is a crucial subject at the higher secondary stage of schooling. Students take Physics as a subject in Class 11 with the aim of pursuing their career ahead in this field. Physics students can go for further studies and research or pursue professional courses like medicine, engineering and technology after completing schooling. To achieve these aims, it’s required that students have a conceptual and strong understanding of Physics subject. So, from Class 11, students must start focussing on building the background for Physics. The first step into this is knowing the NCERT Class 11 Physics Syllabus. To help students with their studies, we have provided the NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Physics.
Students can get the detailed NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Physics in PDF format by clicking on the link below. The syllabus PDF contains the units, topics under each unit and no. of periods required to finish a particular unit. Moreover, the PDF also includes NCERT Class 11 Physics Practical Syllabus containing the list of experiments and activities.
Students can have a look at the NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Physics below. The detailed syllabus, along with the practicals, is also provided in the PDF.
NCERT Class 11 Physics Theory Syllabus (Total Periods: 160)
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement (Periods 08)
- Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units and significant figures.
- Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics (Periods 24)
- Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs.
- Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
- Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
- Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion (Periods 14)
- Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
- Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
- Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power (Periods 18)
- Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
- The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body (Periods 18)
- Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and Centre of mass motion.
- Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.
- Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
- Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Unit VI: Gravitation (Periods 12)
- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion and the universal law of gravitation.
- Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
- Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (Periods 24)
- Elasticity, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only), Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy.
- Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), the effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
- Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its simple applications.
- Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
- Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.
- Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law and Stefan’s law.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics (Periods 12)
- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy.
- The first law of thermodynamics, the second law of thermodynamics, the gaseous state of matter, change of condition of gaseous state – isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible and cyclic processes.
Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory (Periods 08)
- Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure.
- Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of mean free path and Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (Periods 26)
- Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions and their application.
- Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring – restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.
- Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, the speed of the travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.
NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 Physics Practicals (Total Periods: 60)
The NCERT Syllabus for practicals is divided into two sections, i.e., section A and Section B. Each section contains a list of experiments and activities.
- To measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.
- To measure the diameter of a given wire and the thickness of a given sheet using a screw gauge.
- To determine the volume of an irregular lamina using a screw gauge.
- To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
- To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
- To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
- Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of the second’s pendulum.
- To study the variation of the time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of the same size but different masses and interpreting the result.
- To study the relationship between the force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
- To find the downward force along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and Sinθ.
- To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm.
- To determine the mass of a given body using a metre scale by the principle of moments.
- To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.
- To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.
- To study the variation in the range of a projectile with the angle of projection.
- To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
- To study the dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
- To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
- To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
- To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V and between P and 1/V.
- To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
- To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
- To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
- To determine the specific heat capacity of a given solid by the method of mixtures.
- To study the relation between the frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using a sonometer.
- To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using a sonometer.
- To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube with two resonance positions.
- To observe the change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
- To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.
- To note the change in the level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
- To study the effect of detergent on the surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
- To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
- To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the middle.
- To observe the decrease in pressure with an increase in velocity of a fluid.
Features of NCERT Class 11 Physics Syllabus
Below, we have listed a few features of the Class 11 NCERT Syllabus.
- The syllabus focuses on building a conceptual understanding of topics in students.
- The syllabus provides logical placement of the “Units” and concepts so that students can easily correlate the topics.
- The use of SI Units, Symbols and the nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations in the Physics syllabus is as per international standards.
- The syllabus promotes the applications of Physics concepts in real-life situations so that Physics learning can be made more meaningful and interesting for students.
After knowing the syllabus, it’s recommended that students study from the NCERT Class 11 Physics Book. This book follows the NCERT syllabus and is the best source of study for students.
Students can also access the NCERT Solutions of BYJU’S that are available for all subjects of Classes 1 to 12. These NCERT Solutions can be viewed both online and downloaded as PDFs for offline viewing. Moreover, creating subject/chapter notes will become a lot easier with the help of these solutions.
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