Class 11 Chemistry is a vast subject which needs a clear understanding of the concepts and topics. Knowing CBSE Class 11 Chemistry syllabus helps students to understand the course structure of Chemistry for the academic year. Going through the syllabus, class 11 students get to know what they have to study, marks distribution for each unit and time duration of the same. Based on that, they can easily plan easily their study schedule. Students must follow the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry syllabus as the final exam question paper will be framed according to it.
CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry includes the information about practicals, projects, assignments, etc. that need to be covered for the respective academic year. The board has released the CBSE Class 11 Syllabus for the academic year 2022-23 on the official site. Here, we have provided the syllabus for 2022-23 and 2021-22 academic year. Students can download the Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus pdf from the link below.
Term I CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2021-22
The table below shows the marks distribution and number of periods allocated for Term 1.
|Unit No.||Unit Name||No. of Periods||Marks|
|Unit I||Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry||10||11|
|Unit II||Structure of Atom||12|
|Unit III||Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties||06||04|
|Unit IV||Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||14||06|
|Unit V||Redox Reactions||04||05|
|Unit VII||Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques||10||9|
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry:
General Introduction: Importance and scope of Chemistry. Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Structure of Atom:
Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties:
Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure:
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), Hydrogen bond.
Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number.
Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen as a fuel
Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques:
General introduction, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
Students can click on CBSE Class 11 Syllabus to know the syllabus for all the subjects.
Term II CBSE Class 11 Syllabus for Chemistry 2021-22
|Unit No.||Unit Name||No. of Periods||Marks|
|Unit V||States of Matter: Gases and Liquids||09||15|
|Unit VI||Chemical Thermodynamics||14|
|Unit X||s -Block Elements||05||11|
|Unit XI||p -Block Elements||09|
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids:
Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation and deviation from ideal behaviour.
Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction)
Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes.
Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).
Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
s -Block Elements:
Group 1 and Group 2 Elements -General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses.
Some p -Block Elements:
General Introduction to p -Block Elements Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron – physical and chemical properties. Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first elements. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties.
Classification of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions.
Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.
To know the CBSE Syllabus for all the classes from 1 to 12, visit CBSE Syllabus page. Meanwhile, to get the Practical Syllabus of Class 11 Chemistry, keep reading the page.
Term Wise CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Practical Syllabus with Marking Scheme
In Chemistry subject, practical also plays a vital role. Students understand the theory by performing the experiments in the lab. So, it’s important that students must also know the CBSE Syllabus of Chemistry Practical and list of experiments included in it. Also, the weightage of Chemistry practical is of 15 marks for each term. So, students must try their best to score well in practicals too. It will help in increasing their overall score.
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Practical Syllabus for Term 1
CBSE Term I Chemistry Practical is of 15 marks. It will be conducted under the supervision of subject teacher. This contribute to the overall practical marks for the subject.
In case the situation of lockdown continues until Nov-Dec 2021, a Practical Based Assessment (pen-paper) of 15 marks would be conducted at the end of Term I.
The table below shows the evaluation scheme of term 1 practical exams.
|Evaluation Scheme for Term 1||Marks|
|Content Based Experiment||02|
|Class record and viva (Internal Examiner)||05|
Term 1 CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry Practical 2021-22
Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments. Wherever possible such techniques should be used:
A. Basic Laboratory Techniques
1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod
2. Bending a glass tube
3. Drawing out a glass jet
4. Boring a cork
B. Characterization and Purification of Chemical Substances
1. Determination of melting point of an organic compound.
2. Determination of boiling point of an organic compound.
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Practical Syllabus for Term 2
CBSE Term II Chemistry Practical is of 15 marks. It will be conducted under the supervision of subject teacher. This contribute to the overall practical marks for the subject.
In case the situation of lockdown continues beyond December 2021, a Practical Based Assessment (pen-paper) of 10 marks and Viva 5 marks would be conducted at the end of Term II by the subject teacher. This would contribute to the overall practical marks for the subject.
|Evaluation Scheme for Term 2||Marks|
|Content Based Experiment||02|
|Project Work and Viva(Internal)||05|
Term 2 CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry Practical 2021-22
A. Quantitative Estimation
i. Using a mechanical balance/electronic balance.
ii. Preparation of standard solution of Oxalic acid.
iii. Determination of strength of a given solution of Sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of Oxalic acid.
iv. Preparation of standard solution of Sodium carbonate.
v. Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard Sodium Carbonatesolution.
B. Qualitative Analysis
a) Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
Cations‐ Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4 +
Anions – (CO3)2‐ , S2‐, NO2‐ , SO32‐, SO2‐ , NO ‐ , Cl‐ , Br‐, I‐, PO43‐ , C2O2‐ ,CH3COO‐
(Note: Insoluble salts excluded)
b) Detection of ‐ Nitrogen, Sulphur, Chlorine in organic compounds.
Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23
The CBSE Syllabus for Class 11 Chemistry 2022-23 is released by the board. Students can download the syllabus pdf and go through it to plan their studies.
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