Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes - Chapter 6

Plants play a major role in our life. Without plants, there would be no more life existing on planet earth. Plants provide many products for human use- air to breathe,  food to eat,  shelter, fabrics to cover our body,  medicines, timbers and many products. There are around three lakh identified plant species and this list is still increasing.

The plants that we see today are the result of 470 million years of evolution. During this long timeframe, plants have evolved into an innumerable number of species, with each member having their own characteristic features. The last to evolve among these is the angiosperms or the Flowering Plants.

Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes explains the complete information related to the plant structure, functions and its importance to the plant’s internal structure.

Also Read,  Plants

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the internal structures or organ systems of an organism. The anatomy of flowering plants is the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. 

Plant Anatomy is also called phytotomy. It is the study of the internal structure of a plant, including the tissues, root system, stem, leaves, flower, fruit and seeds.

Also Read, Parts of Plants

What are Flowering Plants?

Flowering Plants

Angiosperms are also referred to as flowering plants. They are the only plants in the plant kingdom capable of producing flowers, fruits and seeds.  Furthermore, flowering plants are the most diverse, with over 295,000 species discovered to date and represent the most advanced group of plants which have been of immense importance to humans. These plants are able to grow in a variety of habitats.

Also Read:  Morphology of Flowering Plants

Flowering Plants primarily comprises two tissues, namely meristematic and permanent tissue.

Meristematic tissue is further composed of 3 types of tissues that serve very specific functions:

  1. Apical tissue
  2. Intercalary tissue
  3. Lateral tissue

Permanent tissues are classified into 2 types, namely:

  1. Simple tissue
    1. Parenchyma
    2. Collenchyma
    3. Sclerenchyma
  1. Complex tissue
    1. Xylem
    2. Phloem

Topics Covered in Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes:

Types of Plant Tissues.
Meristematic Tissue.
Permanent Tissues.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Anatomy of Flowering Plants and other related terminologies.

Important Questions on the Anatomy of Flowering Plants

  1. Define xylem.
  2. What is a dicot root?
  3. What are angiosperms?
  4. What are simple tissues?
  5. What are complex tissues?
  6. What is a monocotyledon?
  7. What is a meristem? Explain the types.
  8. Differentiate between monocot and dicot roots.
  9. Explain the internal structure of a flower with a labelled diagram.
  10. Describe the structure of the dorsiventral leaf with a labelled diagram.
Also Access 
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 6
NCERT Exemplar for Class 11 Biology Chapter 6

Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Class 11 Science Notes Chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants


What is a terminal bud?

A terminal bud occurs on the end of a stem, and lateral buds are found on the side. It is also known as the apical bud.


What are the main types of plant tissue?

Three major types of plant tissues are dermal, ground and vascular tissues.


What are the parts of the root system?

Parts of a root include the primary root, lateral roots, the apical meristem, a root cap and root hairs.


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