Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes - Chapter 6

Plants play a major role in our life. Without plants, there would be no more life existing on planet earth. Plants provide many products for human use- air to breathe,  food to eat,  shelter, fabrics to cover our body,  medicines, timbers and many products. There are around three lakh identified plant species and this list is still increasing.

The plants that we see today is the result of 470 million years of evolution. During this long timeframe, plants have evolved into an innumerable number species, with each member having their own characteristic features. The last to evolve among these is the angiosperms or the Flowering Plants.

Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes explains the complete information related to the plant structure, functions and its importance to the plant’s internal structure.

Also Read:  Plants

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of internal structures or an organ system of an organism. Anatomy of flowering plants is the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. 

Plant Anatomy also called as the phytotomy. It is the study of the internal structure of plant including the tissues, root system, stem, leaves, flower, fruit and seeds.

Also Read:  Parts Of Plants

What are Flowering Plants?

Flowering Plants

Angiosperms also referred to as flowering plants. They are the only plants in the plant kingdom capable of producing flowers, fruits and seeds.  Furthermore, flowering plants are the most diverse, with over 295,000 species discovered to date and represent the most advanced group of plants, which have been of immense importance to humans. These plants are able to grow in a variety of habitats.

Also Read:  Morphology Of Flowering Plants

Flowering Plants primarily comprises of two tissues, namely meristematic and permanent tissue.

Meristematic tissue is further composed of 3 types of tissues that serve very specific functions:

  1. Apical tissue
  2. Intercalary tissue
  3. Lateral tissue

Permanent tissues are classified into 2 types namely:

  1. Simple tissue
    1. Parenchyma
    2. Collenchyma
    3. Sclerenchyma
  1. Complex tissue
    1. Xylem
    2. Phloem

Topics Covered In Anatomy of Flowering Plants Class 11 Notes :

Types of Plant Tissues.
Meristematic Tissue.
Permanent Tissues.
Dicotyledonous.
Monocotyledonous.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Anatomy of Flowering Plants and other related terminologies.

Important Questions On Anatomy of Flowering Plants

  1. Define xylem.
  2. What is a dicot root?
  3. What are angiosperms?
  4. What are simple tissues?
  5. What are complex tissues?.
  6. What is a monocotyledon?
  7. What is a meristem? Explain the types.
  8. Differentiate between monocot and dicot roots.
  9. Explain the internal structure of a flower with a labelled diagram.
  10. Describe the structure of dorsiventral leaf with a labelled diagram.

 

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