We see a huge variety of plants all around us. Despite this fact, they all have same parts and the same functions. They appear unique with different types of stem, leaves, flowers, seeds etc. Therefore, the classification of plants is mainly based on several factors and it can be further classified based on their height, tenderness of stem, branches and their life cycle.
Plants And Its Classification
If we consider plants, based on their height some are too short while some are too tall to climb. Besides the height, stem thickness, delicacy also varies.
For example- Short plants have greenish, soft, weak stems and big tall plants or trees have a thick, strong and woody stem which is hard to break.
Based on growth habit plants are broadly categorized into three groups. They are as follows:
Classification Based on Growth Habits
- Herbs: Starting from the smallest, herb is a short plant with green, delicate stem without the woody tissues. Generally, they have few branches or are branchless. These can be easily uprooted from the soil. They contain enough nutritional benefits and vitamins to make it a part of the diet. Tomato, wheat, grass are few examples of herbs.
- Shrubs: Shrubs are much taller than herbs which might be of our height. Shrub is a medium-sized plant with bushy, hard stems with branches. Although stems are hard, they are flexible but not fragile. Rose, lemon, and henna are some of the common shrubs around us.
- Trees: Trees are big and tall plants. They have very thick and hard stems called the trunk. This single main stem i.e, trunk gives rise to many branches that bear leaves and fruits. Some trees are branchless like coconut tree; they have only one main stem which bears leaves, flowers, and fruits all by itself. Banyan, mango, cashew, are some examples of trees.
In addition to these three categories of plants, there are two more types which need some support to grow. They are specifically called as climbers and creepers.
- Climbers: Climbers are much advanced than creepers. Even climbers have a very weak stem but they can climb upon along with some support to grow and carry their weight. These types of plants use special structures called tendrils to climb on. Examples of climbers are pea plant, money plant, etc.
- Creepers: Creepers, as the name suggests, they are the plants which creep on grounds. They have very fragile stems that can neither stand erect nor support all of its weight. For example, watermelon, pumpkin, etc.
To learn more about plants, its structure, and the plant kingdom, visit BYJU’s.