A plant is a nature’s gift as they are beneficial for us in many ways. They provide us with a variety of things to fulfill our daily requirements, including the food to eat, air to breath, clothes to wear, wood, medicine, shelter, etc. Plants are known as the primary producers, and all other living organisms on this planet are dependent on plants.
There are many criteria used for the classification of plants. Based on their growth habitats, plants are classified into herbs, shrubs and trees.
Here in this article, let us discuss more about the herbs and their benefits.
Explore more : Getting to Know Plants
What are Herbs?
They are short plants, with green and the delicate stem. Compared to other plants, these plants have very few branches and comes off easily from the soil. Grass, Mint, and wheat are a few examples of herbs.
Difference between herb and other plants
A herb or the herbaceous plants are different from the garden variety woody plants. The differences begin from their stems. The herbal plants have a stem and many leaves but the woody plants have a woody stem, which the herbal plants lack.
The differences do not end here; most woody plants grow all their lives while the herbal plants are perennial beings that die off during winters as they cannot live in such a harsh cold climate conditions.
Herbal plants have stems made up of cellulose, but not as rigid as lignin. Hence, they decompose relatively easily, while the woody plants possess stems made up of lignin that provides a solid, rigid structure, which prevents the stems from damage. Essentially woody plants are more resilient than herbal plants.
Read More: Types of Plants
Classification of Herbaceous Plants
Herbaceous plants fall into three main categories which are annual, biennial or perennial. They are classified based on the period at which the plant is alive.
An annual herb is a herbaceous plant that has a whole life cycle in one growing season. This means that the plant germinates from a seed, grows to maturity, flowers develops seeds and dies within a year. Annual herbaceous plants have to be seeded every year. Two groups of annuals are found which are summer and winter. Summer annuals grow during the warmer periods of the year. While winter annuals germinate in the cold seasons and survive through the winter. These plants rely on winter moisture to grow hardy in the spring.
Herbs are readily grown in the gardens or even indoors and this is a common enough practice. They have a lot of nutritional and health benefits. Some of the medicinal plants include immune support herbs, intestinal support herbs, muscle and joint support herbs, cardiovascular support herbs, energy support herbs, and so on. Hence, they play a huge role in our holistic well being, as they contain enough nutritional benefits, vitamins and minerals to make it a part of the diet.
Also Refer: Uses Of Plants
Learn more about Plants, its types, herbs, importance of herbs and other related topics at BYJU’S Biology.