Ellipsoid Joints

Joints are the junction between two bones. There are different types of bones within the human body, which have limited motion, different structures and functions. Based on these criteria, joints have been classified into:

Hinge Joints

Saddle Joints

Fibrous Joints

Gliding Joints

Pivotal Joints

Synovial Joints

Condyloid Joints

Cartilaginous Joints

Ball and Socket Joints

Explore more: Joints

Let’s learn more in detail about Ellipsoid Joints

What are Ellipsoid Joints?

It is a type of synovial joint and a most important type of joint. It is also called the curved joint. As per the name, ellipsoid joints move in an elliptical order. This is also referred to as Condyloid or Condylar joints.

Features of Ellipsoid Joints

  • An ellipsoid joint is a biaxial joint.
  • An ellipsoid joint allows movements in all angular motions.
  • The movement of ellipsoid joints is in two plains, back and front, and side to side.
  • These joints are present between the knuckle joints, wrist joints, metacarpophalangeal joints and metatarsophalangeal joints of fingers.

Interesting facts about Ellipsoid Joints

  1. An ellipsoid joint enables bending and extending and is present at the base of the index finger.
  2. An ellipsoid joint has two types of movement, which permits the opposition movement only to a small or certain extent.
  3. Synovial joints are movable joints. Similarly, an ellipsoid joint, which is a type of synovial joint, is also a movable joint.

Refer more: Types of Joints

This article concludes with an introduction to ellipsoid joints, their types, structure and functions. To know more about joints, types of joints, other related topics and important questions, keep visiting our website at BYJU’S Biology.

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