MCQs on Plant Kingdom

The plant kingdom consists of 390,000 species known till date. The plant kingdom is divided into five major groups:

  • Thallophyta
  • Bryophyta
  • Pteridophyta
  • Gymnosperms
  • Angiosperms

Given below are MCQs on the Plant Kingdom which will help you analyse your understanding on the topic. The answers are also provided for reference.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which plant kingdom can survive both on land and in water?

  1. Tracheophyta
  2. Pteridophyta
  3. Thallophyta
  4. Bryophyta

2. A plant that has seeds but no flowers and fruits?

  1. Bryophyte
  2. Gymnosperms
  3. Mosses
  4. Pteridophyte

3. Most primitive vascular plants?

  1. Mosses
  2. Cycads
  3. Kelps
  4. Ferns

4. Plants that posses spores and embryo but lack vascular tissues and seeds?

  1. Rhodophyta
  2. Bryophyta
  3. Pteridophyta
  4. Phaeophyta

5. Which one is not an exception in angiosperms?

  1. Double fertilization
  2. Secondary growth
  3. Presence of vessels
  4. Autotrophic nutrition

6. Pteridophytes differ from mosses in

  1. Independent gametophyte
  2. Dependent gametophyte
  3. Flagellate antherozoids
  4. Independent and dominant sporophyte

7. Angiosperms are the dominant flora because of

  1. Domestication by man
  2. Power of adapting in diverse habitats
  3. Self-pollination property
  4. Property of producing a large number of seeds

8. Plants reproducing by spores are grouped under

  1. Bryophytes
  2. Sporophytes
  3. Cryptogams
  4. Thallophytes

9. Plants having vascular tissue without seeds

  1. Angiosperm
  2. Pteridophyte
  3. Bryophyte
  4. Gymnosperms

10. The plant group that posses largest ovule, largest gametes, and largest tree

  1. Angiosperms
  2. Gymnosperms
  3. Pteridophytes
  4. Bryophytes

11. Zygotic meiosis is the characteristic of

  1. Fucus
  2. Funaria
  3. Marchantia
  4. Chlamydomonas

12. Pick the mismatched pair

  1. Cycas – Dioecious
  2. Equisetum – Homosporous
  3. Salvinia – Heterosporous
  4. Pinus – Dioecious

13. A colonial alga is

  1. Volvox
  2. Chlorella
  3. Ulothrix
  4. Spirogyra

14. Double fertilization is the characteristic of

  1. Algae
  2. Gymnosperms
  3. Fungi
  4. Angiosperms

15. Conifers can tolerate extreme environments because of

  1. Presence of vessels
  2. Thick cuticle
  3. Superficial stomata
  4. Broad hardy leaves

16. First plants to inhabit land

  1. Angiosperms
  2. Bryophytes
  3. Gymnosperms
  4. Pteridophytes

17. Agar is commercially obtained from

  1. Blue-green algae
  2. Red algae
  3. Brown algae
  4. Green algae

18. Which one differs from Spirogyra based on its nucleus?

  1. Azygospore
  2. Zygospore
  3. Akinete
  4. Aplnospore

19. The cell wall of Spirogyra contains

  1. Cellulose
  2. Chitin
  3. Lignin
  4. Suberin

20. Which of the following completely lacks cell wall?

  1. Blue-green algae
  2. Saccharomyces
  3. Sea-fan
  4. Cyanobacteria

Answer Keys

1- d 2- b 3- d 4- b 5- 1
6- d 7- b 8- c 9- b 10- b
11- d 12- d 13- a 14- d 15- b
16- b 17- b 18- b 19- a 20- c

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