With the societal advancement, the quality of our natural resources has been degrading. The quality of living has improved a lot with technological innovations and so are the environmental and health hazards- due to pollution. In this article, pollution and its causes, types of pollution and other related details about pollution are discussed. Also, the effects of pollution on the environment and living beings are given in detail.
What is Pollution?
Pollution can be defined as the introduction of substances that contaminates the environment and cause adverse effects on the natural surrounding. Pollution not only damages the ecology but also affects the living conditions of the living beings to a great extent. The substances that cause pollution are called pollutants which can be solid, liquid or gas.
Pollution can be of several forms and if left unchecked, can cause different environmental hazards. Pollution can be either caused by natural events (like forest fires, etc.) or by man-made activities (like cars, factories, nuclear wastes, etc.).
Types of Pollution
The major forms of pollution include land, air and water. In the recent times, noise, light and plastic pollutions are also garnering huge attention from the environmentalists. Each of these types are explained below.
Air pollution refers to the addition of contaminants (chemicals, harmful gases, particulates, biological substances, etc.) in the atmosphere which pose a great threat to both the society and health. Some causes that contribute to air pollution are:
- Burning of fossil fuels
- Mining operations
- Gases from industries and factories
The effects of air pollution are varying and pose extreme threats to the living standards. Some effects of air pollution are:
- Health problems like respiratory and heart problems
- Global warming and acid rain
- Ozone depletion
- Hazards to wildlife
Visit air pollution to know more about it and get more information about it. Several measures have been taken to keep air pollution in check and it is extremely important for every individual to prevent air pollution to keep the air healthy and breathable.
The contamination of water bodies with harmful pollutants refers to water pollutions. The introduction of contaminants is generally due to human activities like improper sewage treatment, oil spills in water bodies, etc. Few of the causes that contribute to the pollution of water are:
- Dumbing of solid wastes in water bodies
- Disposal of toxic sewage water from industries
- Oil leakage from the cargo ships
- Domestic Wastes
- Human and animal wastes
- Agricultural wastes containing pesticides and fertilizers
These reasons are major sources of water pollution. The effects are varying and deadly. Some effects of water pollution on the environment and on the living beings are:
- Threatens the marine life
- Disrupts the ecosystem
- Risks the health of living beings
- Causes several water-borne diseases
- Increases the mercury level in water bodies
To learn more about it, visit water pollution. It is important to understand that the effects of water pollution are not immediate and can take years to show its impact. It is important for all individuals to take measures and try reducing water pollution.
Soil pollution, also called as soil contamination refers to the degradation of land due to the presence of chemicals or other human-made substances in the soil. The xenobiotic substances alter the natural composition of soil and affect it negatively. Some of the common causes of soil pollution are:
- Improper waste disposal by industries (electronic and nuclear wastes)
- Oil Spills
- Acid rain which is caused by air pollution
- Mining activities
- Intensive farming and agrochemicals (like fertilizers and pesticides)
- Industrial accidents
The effects of soil pollution are numerous and hazardous. It affects both the natural environment and living beings negatively. Some of the most notable hazards of soil pollution are:
- Loss of soil nutrients
- Affects the natural flora and fauna residing in the soil
- Degrades vegetation due to the increase of salinity of the soil
- Creates toxic dust
- Soil becomes unfit for agriculture
These were only a few effects of soil contamination. Visit soil pollution to know about the contamination of soil in detail. As soil pollution can lead to deadly consequences, it is important for every individual to preserve the soil and prevent the alteration in the soil structure.
Noise pollution is generally man-made and refers to the excessive amount of noise in the surrounding that causes disruption in the natural balance. In terms of decibels, noise is a sound which is above 80 decibels. Noise pollution has several contributors which include:
- Industrialization noises from heavy machines, mills, factories, etc.
- Transportation noises from vehicles, aeroplanes, etc.
- Construction noises
- Noise from social gatherings due to loudspeakers, firecrackers, etc.
- Household noises due to mixers, TV, washing machines, etc.
The noise pollution has now become very common due to heavy urbanization and improper planning. Noise pollution can cause adverse effects on the living beings like:
- Causes hearing problems
- Sleeping disorders
- Communication problems
- Increases blood pressure and heart beat rate
Visit noise pollution to know more details about it. It is important for the people to understand ways to prevent noise pollution and act on it. Click noise pollution prevention to know some of the best ways to prevent it which can help to eradicate noise pollution for good.
It is very important for the individuals to understand each pollution completely and try controlling them to live a better life. Pollution is a nuisance to the society and each type of pollution affects the natural balance of the environment and thereby affecting both human and animal lives.
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