As we all remember, the food chain begins with the producers. Producers produce food with the help of sunlight to the apex of which the consumers or the predators lie. Herbivores find themselves at the second level of this food chain and mainly consume plants. They are the first or the primary consumers. However, it doesn’t mean that all herbivores eat the same food. Plants are the most abundant source of food, they are a ready source of food. They might be just a part of your diet, for some organisms, this is their diet. The big animals, like elephants, eat bigger plants while squirrels and smaller animals eat grass and seeds or fruits of plants.
Facts about Herbivores
Due to their position in the food chain, they are prey for the predators on the higher rungs of the food chain. Hence, they have better adapted themselves. They have eyes on the side, having a wider range of vision, giving them a forewarning about approaching predators. Not only this but also, they have bigger ears that pick the smallest noises around, giving them a clear warning before the predator moves in. The tortoise happens to have a hard shell to protect itself from predators. Camouflage is another art mastered by a few organisms, like sand grouse, a bird that resides in the desert and is well camouflaged. Also, the herbivores do not have the canines that are so characteristic of carnivores since they do not need to tear flesh apart. Even if they do have such teeth, it is because they eat tough plants.
Herbivores need a lot of energy throughout the day. Hence, they end up eating or grazing all day long. And for this purpose herbivores have structures that help them in getting their food. Animals do not have the ability to produce their energy on its own which is required for their survival, therefore, they feed on plants to get their the energy which is produced by the process of photosynthesis.
For example, animals like deer have bodies that can bend over to graze. When it comes to humans, vegetarians are a lot like herbivores and eat only fruits and vegetables. Vegans do not even consume animal products like milk.
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