Kidney Failure Symptoms

Overview of the Kidney

The kidneys are responsible for filtering out the wastes and other wanted substances from the blood. Anatomically, everyone has a pair of kidneys, however, a person with one kidney can lead a normal and healthy life without any complications.

Initial symptoms of kidney problems are not noticeable right away, only after the disease has progressed to an advanced stage do people associate the symptoms with the kidneys.

Kidney Failure Symptoms

Also known as renal failure, kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are unable to filter the wastes from the blood, as a result, waste starts accumulating in the body. Common symptoms that are characteristic of kidney failure include:

  1. Swelling in the arms and legs
  2. Swelling in the face
  3. Unexplained weight gain
  4. Fluid retention
  5. Fatigue
  6. Nausea
  7. Vomiting
  8. Weakness
  9. Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  10. Shortness of breath
  11. Itching
  12. Changes in perception of taste (makes food taste like metal)
  13. Unusually foamy urine
  14. Dark red, purple coloured urine
  15. Mental confusion

These are some of the important kidney failure symptoms to keep an eye on. Do consult a doctor if any of the above symptoms appear and persists over a period of time.

Acute kidney failure can be treated to an extent, unfortunately, chronic kidney failure cannot be treated and the only solution is to undergo dialysis until the option for complete kidney transplantation becomes viable.

Further Reading:-


Practise This Question

Which of the given processes are part of carbon cycle?

I. Release of carbon dioxide by the process of respiration.
II.Decomposition of plants and trees leads to formation of coal.
III.Conversion of organic compounds into ammonia through the process of ammonification.
IV.Formation of limestones.