Pollination by birds is called Ornithophily.
Pollination is an important process for flowering plants to survive. Since most flowering plants cannot pollinate on their own, they have to rely on other animals. Many small birds, such as sunbirds and hummingbirds are key pollinators.
Also Read: What Is Pollination
The plants that are pollinated by birds are formed in such a way to accommodate birds – like having a sturdy build to support perching and forming flowers with a re-curved, tube-like shape that does not tangle the birds. The flowers are also formed in such a way to allow access to a bird’s beak. Such plants also have brightly coloured flowers with nectars inside them.
Process of Pollination by Birds
The process of pollination in birds is as follows:
- Birds seek energy-rich nectar by visiting flowers
- Most flowers pollinated by birds have nectars hidden deep inside the flower
- The pollen sticks to the bird’s head/ neck and back when it tries to reach the nectar
- Birds transfer these pollens when visiting other plants
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