Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is the long-lasting, most common type of autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the joints and other parts of the body. This occurs when the immune system of individuals mistakenly attacks their own joint lining capsule or body tissues. In some people, it is found that Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) also damages skin, lungs, eyes, kidneys and blood vessels.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Human’s immune system is very protective. It releases antibodies when a foreign material like bacteria and fungus enters the human body. Those antibodies fight the foreign material and kill them. But in some cases, human immune system mistakenly sends antibodies to attack their own lining of joints. This is the root cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis. The reason, why the immune system behaves like that is still unknown.

This autoimmune disorder is observed more in women compared to men. Some evidence suggests that people who smoke have more chances of developing Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Diagnosis for Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is difficult to diagnose Rheumatoid Arthritis in the earlier stages because the symptoms might resemble the symptoms of other diseases. Blood tests, x rays, and imaging tests are used to diagnose this disorder.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

The symptoms can vary from mild to severe and occurs throughout the body, which includes:

  • Fever.
  • Joint pains.
  • Swollen joints.
  • Less flexibility in the joints.
  • Morning stiffness or stiffness in joints.

These symptoms usually begins from small joints and later spread to all joints. In the case of 15 to 20 percent of people, symptoms may be observed in body parts including the skin, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels, liver etc.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

There is no treatment in particular for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Treatment generally includes a combination of educating the patient, rest, exercise, medications and occasional surgeries.

Medications undergone in treating this disorder are as follows:

  • Methotrexate
  • Leflunomide
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Hydroxychloroquine

The main goal of the treatment is to –

  • Reduce pain
  • Reduce swelling
  • Help people to stay active
  • Prevent joints from more damage.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Diet and Exercise

Rheumatoid arthritis diet

Rheumatoid arthritis diet

Diet and exercise are the important part of our lifestyle and the quality of our life depends on the diet we intake. Getting plenty of exercise helps in coping with rheumatoid arthritis. Exercise can help reducing the pain, inflammation and stiffness of joints and provides more flexibility.

There are many foods which can reduce inflammation and reduce the joint pains. Many studies have shown that following foods might prove helpful for the patients suffering from this arthritis disorder.

  • Fish
  • Ginger
  • Turmeric
  • Coriander
  • Green tea
  • Pineapple
  • Sour cherries

For more information on arthritis, types of arthritis, symptoms and their causes, visit BYJU’S.

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