Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It is a long-lasting autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the joints and other parts of the body. This occurs when the immune system of individuals mistakenly attacks their own joint lining capsule or body tissues. In some people, it is found that Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) also damages skin, lungs, eyes, kidneys and blood vessels.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
- Joint pains, RA usually begins from small joints and as the disease progresses symptoms often spread to all joints
- Swollen joints
- Less flexibility in the joints
- RA generally affects in joints in a symmetrical pattern.
In the case of 15 to 20 percent of people, symptoms may be observed in body parts other than joints. There will be disorders in the skin, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels, liver etc.
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Human’s immune system is very protective. It releases antibodies when a foreign material like bacteria and fungus enters the human body. Those antibodies fight the foreign material and kill them. But in some cases, human immune system mistakenly sends antibodies to attack their own lining of joints. This is the root cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis. The reason, why the immune system behaves like that is still unknown.
It is observed more in women than men. Some evidence suggests that people who smoke have more chances of developing RA.
Diagnosis for Rheumatoid Arthritis
It is difficult to diagnose RA in the earlier stages because the symptoms might resemble the symptoms of other diseases. Blood tests, x rays, and imaging tests are used to diagnose RA.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
There is no treatment in particular for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Treatment generally includes a combination of educating the patient, rest, exercise, medications and occasional surgeries.
Medications undergone in treating RA are as follows:
The main goal of treatment is to –
- Reduce pain
- Reduce swelling
- Prevent from more damage
- Help people to stay active
Diet is the important part of your lifestyle. The quality of your life depends on the diet you take. There are many foods which can reduce inflammation and reduce the joint pains. Many studies have shown that following foods might prove helpful.
- Green tea
- Sour cherries
For more information on types of arthritis and their causes, visit Byju’s.