Arthritis is a very common disease found in almost all age groups and sexes. It is generally understood as different types of joint pains. Over 10 million people in India suffer from Arthritis. People of all ages and sexes can suffer from this disease.
What is Arthritis?
It is a joint disorder featuring with swelling, pain and burning sensation. Literally, inflammation of one or more joints is called arthritis.
Types of Arthritis
There are more than 100 types of identified arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout are the most common types of arthritis. Following are the major types:
Osteoarthritis damages the cartilage that surrounds the bone at the joint resulting in reduced friction among the bones. It causes severe pain and burning sensation at the joints. It can be prevented by taking balanced diet, maintaining the healthy weight, staying active and by avoiding injuries and repetitive actions.
Rheumatoid arthritis is the long-lasting autoimmune disorder which affects chronic inflammation of joints and other body parts. It is caused when the immune system of individuals attacks their own joint lining capsule or body tissues.
- Infectious arthritis
It can be caused when a virus or bacteria enter the joints. This may lead to inflammation, swelling, and pain. The organisms that can infect the joints are salmonella, shigella, Chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Suitable treatment using antibiotics can cure the joint infection in many cases, but sometimes it may become critical to treat.
Symptoms of Arthritis
- Pain and burning sensation.
- Stiffness and swelling.
- Difficulty in motion.
- Other symptoms like fever, swollen gland, fatigue etc.
Causes of Arthritis
Cartilage tissue absorbs shocks and allows free bones motion. Anything that damages cartilage results in Arthritis. General wear and tear, family hereditary, infection attacks in the joints and immune attacks are some causes. Old age and gender (arthritis is more common in women) may also cause arthritis.
Treatment of Arthritis
There are several treatments, the combination of treatments depending on the type and what suits that particular individual. Treatment of arthritis starts with consulting a doctor and determining the type of arthritis. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and prevent further joint damage.
Commonly used methods:
Prevention of Arthritis
By adopting and following healthy habits, there are chances of preventing from this painful diseases. Some healthy habits are:
- Include foods rich in vitamin D.
- Maintaining a good body weight.
- Avoid injuries and repetitive joint actions.
- Do regular exercise that has an impact on the joints.
To know more in detail about the Arthritis and other joint related discomforts, visit BYJU’S.