Seed Definition

A seed refers to the fertilized, mature ovule that contains embryonic plant, stored material and a protective coat or coats.

A seed is a mature ovule that comprises an embryo or a miniature undeveloped plant and food reserves, all enclosed within a protective seed coat. Seeds are a way of reproduction for all flowering plants. Every seed is capable of growing into a new plant, under proper environmental conditions such as the right temperature, moisture and sunlight.

The seeds of gymnosperms are naked and exposed to the environment, whereas the seeds of flowering plants (angiosperms) form with a protective structure called the fruit. In both cases, the egg inside the ovule is fertilized by a male nucleus through a pollen grain. This process is called pollination in plants. Seeds are primary sources for a variety of foods like wheat, rice, corn, beans, peas, peanuts and so on. Things like cooking oil and painting oil are created from seeds of flax, cotton, soybean, sunflower, coconut and so on.

Main Article: Parts Of A Seed- Explore the Seed Coat, Endosperm, Embryo

Frequently Asked Questions on Seed Definition

Define seed.

Seed is defined as a small embryonic plant, enclosed by a covering called seed coat, with some stored food materials.

What are the types of seed?

A seed is of two types namely, monocotyledonous seed and dicotyledonous seed.

Further Reading:

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